SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bennett, R.J. & Chorley, R.J. (1978) Environmental Systems. Methuen , London .
  • Boeken, B. & Shachak, M. (1994) Desert plant communities in human-made patches–implications for management. Ecological Applications, 4, 702716.
  • Boeken, B. & Shachak, M. (1998) The dynamics of abundance and incidence of annual plant species during colonization in a desert. Ecography, 21, 6373.
  • Boeken, B., Shachak, M., Gutterman, Y. & Brand, S. (1995) Patchiness and disturbance, plant community responses to porcupine diggings in the central Negev. Ecography, 18, 410422.
  • Brown, J.H. (1984) On the relationship between abundance and distribution of species. American Naturalist, 124, 255279.
  • Cohen, D. (1966) Optimizing reproduction in a randomly varying environment. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 12, 119129.
  • Collins, S.L. (1987) Interaction of disturbance in tallgrass prairie: a field experiment. Ecology, 68, 12431250.
  • Connell, J.H. (1978) Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Science, 199, 13021310.
  • Cornell, H.V. & Lawton, J.H. (1992) Species interactions, local and regional processes, and limits to the richness of ecological communities, a theoretical perspective. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61, 112.
  • Eriksson, O. & Ehlren, J. (1992) Seed and microsite limitation of recruitment in plant populations. Oecologia, 91, 360364.
  • Evenari, M., Shanan, L. & Tadmor, N. (1982) The Negev: the Challenge of a Desert. Harvard University Press, Cambridge , MA .
  • Feinbrun-Dothan, N. (1978) Flora Palaestina, Part III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem .
  • Feinbrun-Dothan, N. (1986) Flora Palaestina, Part IV. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem .
  • Feinbrun-Dothan, N. & Danin, A. (1991) Analytical Flora of Eretz-Israel. Cana Publishers, Jerusalem .
  • Forman, R.T.T. (1995) Land Mosaics. Cambridge University Press, New York .
  • Gardner, R.H. & Turner, M.G. (1991) Future directions in quantitative landscape ecology. Quantitiative Methods in Landscape Ecology (eds M.S.Turner & R.H.Gardner), pp. 519525. Springer Verlag, New York .
  • Gaston, K.J. (1994) Rarity. Champman and Hall, London .
  • Gaston, K.J. (1996) The multiple forms of the interspecific abundance-distribution relationship. Oikos, 76, 211220.
  • Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. (1990) Effects of scale and habitat on the relationship between regional distribution and local abundance. Oikos, 58, 329335.
  • Gleason, H.A. (1926) The individualistic concept of the plant association. Bulletin of The Torrey Botanical Club, 53, 726.
  • Gutterman, Y. (1993) Seed Germination in Desert Plants. Springer Verlag, Berlin .
  • Gyllenberg, M. & Hanski, I. (1992) Single-species metapopulation dynamics: a structured model. Theoretical Population Biology, 42, 3561.
  • Hanski, I. (1982) Dynamics of regional distribution: the core and satellite hypothesis. Oikos, 38, 210221.
  • Hanski, I. (1987) Colonization of ephemeral habitats. Colonization, Succession and Stability (eds A. J.Gray, M. J. Crawley & P.J.Edwards), pp. 155185. Blackwell Scientific Publications, London .
  • Hanski, I. (1994) Patch-occupancy dynamics in fragmented landscapes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 9, 131135.
  • Hanski, I., Kouki, J. & Halkka, A. (1993) Three explanations of the positive relationship between distribution and abundance of species. Species Diversity in Ecological Communities (eds R.E.Rickleffs & D. Schluter), pp. 108116, University of Chicago Press, Chicago .
  • Husband, B.C. & Barrett, S.C.H. (1996) A metapopulation perspective in plant population biology. Journal of Ecology, 84, 461469.
  • Kadmon, R. & Shmida, A. (1990) Spatiotemporal demographic processes in plant populations: an approach and a case study. American naturalist. 135, 382397.
  • Keddy, P. (1992) Assembly and response rules: two goals for predictive community ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science, 3, 157164.
  • Likens, G.E. & Borman, F.H. (1995) Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem. Springer Verlag, New York .
  • MacArthur, R.H. & Wilson, E.O. (1967) The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton .
  • O'Neill, R.V., Milne, B.T., Turner, M.G. & Gardner, R.H. (1998) Resource utilization scales and landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology, 2, 6369.
  • Pärtel, M., Zobel, M., Zobel, K. & Van der Maarel, E. (1996) The species pool and its relation to species richness–evidence from Estonian plant communities. Oikos, 75, 111117.
  • Pickett, S.T.A. & McDonnell, M.J. (1989) Changing perspectives in community dynamics: a theory of successional forces. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 4, 241245.
  • Pickett, S.T.A. & White, P.S. (1985) Patch dynamics: a synthesis. The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics (eds S.T.A.Pickett & P.S.White), pp. 371384. Academic Press, Orlando .
  • Pulliam, H.R. (1988) Sources, sinks, and population regulation. American Naturalist, 132, 652661.
  • Salisbury, F.B. & Ross, C.W. (1978) Plant Physiology. Wadsworth Publications, Belmont .
  • Shachak, M. & Jones, C.G. (1995) Ecological flow chains and ecological systems: concepts for linking species and ecosystem perspectives. Linking Species and Ecosystems (eds C.G.Jones & J.H.Lawton), pp. 280294. Chapman and Hall, New York .
  • Shachak, M. & Pickett, S.T.A. (1997) Linking ecological understanding and application: patchiness in a dryland system. The Ecological Basis of Conservation (eds S.T.A.Pickett, R.S.Ostfeld, M.Shachak & G.E. Likens), pp. 108119. Champman and Hall, New York .
  • Shachak, M., Pickett, S.T.A. Boeken, B. & Zaady, E. (1998) Managing patchiness, ecological flows, productivity and diversity in the Negev desert. Management of Dry Lands–Toward Ecological Sustainability (eds T.W.Hoekstra & M.Shachak).
  • Shaver, G.R. Nadelhofer, K.J. & Giblin, A.E. (1991) Biogeochemical diversity and element transport in a heterogeneous landscape, the north slope of Alaska. Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology (eds M.S.Turner & R.H.Gardner), pp. 105125. Springer Verlag, New York .
  • Shmida, A. & Wilson, M.V. (1985) Biological determinants of species diversity. Journal of Biogeography, 12, 120.
  • Simberloff, D.S. & Wilson, E.O. (1969) Experimental zoogeography of islands: the colonization of empty islands. Ecology, 50, 278296.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. (1981) Biometry, 2nd edn. Freeman, San Francisco .
  • Stern, A., Gradus, Y., Meir, A., Krakover, S. & Tsoar, H. (1986) Atlas of the Negev. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva , Israel .
  • Teomim, N. (1990) Soil Survey in the Sayeret Shaked Park. Jewish National Fund, Gilat [in Hebrew]
  • Tilman, D. (1993) Species richness of experimental productivity gradients: how important is colonization limitation? Ecology, 74, 21792191.
  • Topp, G.C. & Davis, J.L. (1985) Measurement of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry (TDR): a field evaluation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 49, 1924.
  • Vitousek, K.D. & Denslow, J.S. (1986) Nitrogen and phosphorus availability in treefall gaps of a lowland tropical rainforest. Journal of Ecology, 74, 11671178.
  • Watkinson, A.R. (1978) The demography of a sand dune annual: Vulpia fasciculata. III. The dispersal of seeds. Journal of Ecology, 66, 483498.
  • Wiens, J.A. (1997) The emerging role of patchiness in conservation biology. The Ecological Basis of Conservation (eds S.T.A.Pickett, R.S.Ostfeld, M.Shachak & G.E.Likens), pp. 93107. Chapman and Hall, New York .
  • Wiens, J.A., Stenseth, N.C., Van Horne, B. & Ims, R.A. (1993) Ecological mechanisms and landscape ecology. Oikos, 66, 369380.
  • Wilson, E.O. & Simberloff, D.S. (1969) Experimental zoogeography of islands: defaunation and monitoring techniques. Ecology, 50, 267278.
  • Wu, J. & Levin, S.A. (1994) A spatial patch dynamic modeling approach to pattern and process in an annual grassland. Ecological Monographs, 64, 447464.
  • Zaady, E. & Shachak, M. (1994) Microphytic soil crust and ecosystem leakage in the Negev desert. American Journal of Botany, 81, 109.
  • Zobel, M. (1997) The relative role of species pools in determining plant species richness: an alternative explanation of species coexistence? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12, 266269.
  • Zohary, M. (1966) Flora Palaestina, Part I. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem .
  • Zohary, M. (1972) Flora Palaestina, Part II. Israel Academy of Science and Humanities, Jerusalem .