SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alvarez-Buylla, E.R. & Garay, A.A. (1994) Population genetic structure of Cecropia obtusifolia, a tropical pioneer tree species. Evolution, 48, 437 453.
  • Amos, W., Sawcer, S.J., Feakes, R.W., Rubinzstein, D.C. (1996) Microsatellites show mutational bias and heterozygote instability. Nature Genetics, 13, 390 391.
  • Antonovics, J., Thrall, P.H., Jarosz, A.M., Stratton, D. (1994) Ecological genetics of metapopulations: the SileneUstilago plant–pathogen system. Ecological Genetics (ed. L.A.Real), pp. 146 170. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Arens, P., Coops, H., Jansen, J., Vosman, B. (1998) Molecular genetic analysis of black poplar (Populus nigra L.) along Dutch rivers. Molecular Ecology, 7, 11 18.
  • Ashley, C.T. & Warren, S.T. (1995) Tri-nucleotide repeat expansion and human disease. Annual Review of Genetics, 29, 703 728.
  • Avise, J.C. (1994) Molecular Markers, Natural History and Evolution. Chapman & Hall, New York, NY.
  • Barrett, S.C.H., Eckert, C.G., Husband, B.C. (1993) Evolutionary processes in aquatic plant populations. Aquatic Botany, 44, 105 145.
  • Beerli, P. (1998) MIGRATE. http://evolution.genetics.washington.edu/lamarc/migrate.html.
  • Birky, C.W., Fuerst, P., Maruyama, T. (1989) Organelle gene diversity under migration, mutation and drift: equilibrium expectations, approach to equilibrium, effects of heteroplasmic cells, and comparison to nuclear genes. Genetics, 121, 613 627.
  • Bodmer, W.F. & Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. (1968) A migration matrix model for the study of random genetic drift. Genetics, 59, 565 592.
  • Brown, A.H.D. (1979) Enzyme polymorphism in plant populations. Theoretical Population Biology, 15, 1 42.
  • Brown, J.H. & Kodric-Brown, A. (1977) Turnover rates in insular biogeography: effect of immigration on extinction. Ecology, 58, 445 449.
  • Bruford, M.W., Hanotte, O., Brookfield, J.F.Y., Burke, T. (1992) Multi- and single-locus fingerprinting. Molecular Analysis of Populations: A Practical Approach (ed. A.R.Hoelzel), pp. 225 269. IRL Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Byrne, M. & Moran, G.F. (1994) Population divergence in the chloroplast genome of Eucalyptus nitens. Heredity, 73, 18 28.
  • Cain, M.L., Damman, H., Muir, A. (1998) Seed dispersal and the holocene migration of woodland herbs. Ecological Monographs, 68, 325 347.
  • Campbell, D.R. & Dooley, J.L. (1992) The spatial scale of genetic differentiation in a hummingbird-pollinated plant: comparison with models of isolation by distance. American Naturalist, 139, 735 748.
  • Cockerham, C.C. & Weir, B.S. (1993) Estimation of gene flow from F-statistics. Evolution, 47, 855 863.
  • Corriveau, J.L. & Coleman, A.W. (1988) Rapid screening method to detect potential bi-parental inheritance of plastid DNA and results for over 200 angiosperm species. American Journal of Botany, 75, 1443 1458.
  • Crow, J.F. & Aoki, K. (1984) Group selection for a polygenic behavioral trait: estimating the degree of population subdivision. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 81, 6073 6077.
  • Dawson, I.K., Waugh, R., Simons, A.J., Powell, W. (1997) Simple sequence repeats provide a direct estimate of pollen-mediated gene dispersal in the tropical tree Gliricidia sepium. Molecular Ecology, 6, 179 183.
  • Demesure, B., Sodzi, N., Petit, R.J. (1995) A set of universal primers for amplification of polymorphic non-coding regions of mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA in plants. Molecular Ecology, 4, 129 131.
  • Devlin, B. & Ellstrand, N.C. (1990) The development and application of a refined method for estimating gene flow from angiosperm paternity analysis. Evolution, 44, 248 259.
  • Devlin, B., Roeder, K., Ellstrand, N.C. (1988) Fractional paternity assignment: theoretical development and comparison to other methods. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 76, 369 380.
  • Dong, J. & Wagner, D.B. (1994) Paternally inherited chloroplast polymorphism in Pinus: estimation of diversity and population subdivision, and tests of disequilibrium with a maternally inherited mitochondrial polymorphism. Genetics, 136, 1187 1194.
  • Dow, B.D. & Ashley, M.V. (1996) Microsatellite analysis of seed dispersal and parentage of saplings in bur oak, Quercus macrocarpa. Molecular Ecology, 5, 615 627.
  • Ellstrand, N.C. (1992) Gene flow among seed plant populations. New Forests, 6, 241 256.
  • Ellstrand, N.C. & Elam, D.R. (1993) Population genetic consequences of small population size: implications for plant conservation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 24, 217 242.
  • Ellstrand, N.C. & Hoffman, C.A. (1990) Hybridization as an avenue for escape of engineered genes. Bioscience, 40, 438 442.
  • El Mousadik, A. & Petit, R.J. (1996) Chloroplast DNA phylogeography of the argan tree of Morocco. Molecular Ecology, 5, 547 556.
  • Ennos, R.A. (1994) Estimating the relative rates of pollen and seed migration among plant populations. Heredity, 72, 250 259.
  • Epperson, B.K. (1993) Recent advances in correlation studies of spatial patterns of genetic variation. Evolutionary Biology, 27, 95 155.
  • Estoup, A., Garnery, L., Solignac, M., Cornuet, J.-M. (1995) Microsatellite variation in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations: hierarchical genetic structure and test of the infinite allele and stepwise mutation models. Genetics, 140, 679 695.
  • Excoffier, L., Smouse, P.E., Quattro, J.M. (1992) Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics, 131, 479 491.
  • Forcioli, D., Saumitou-Laprade, P., Michaelis, G., Cuguen, J. (1994) Chloroplast DNA polymorphism revealed by a fast, non-radioactive method in Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima. Molecular Ecology, 3, 173 176.
  • Gielly, L. & Taberlet, P. (1994) The use of chloroplast DNA to resolve plant phylogenies: noncoding versus rbcL sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 11, 769 777.
  • Giles, B.E. & Goudet, J. (1997) Genetic differentiation in Silene dioica metapopulations: estimation of spatiotemporal effects in a successional plant species. American Naturalist, 149, 507 526.
  • Goudet, J. (1995) FSTAT V-1.2. A computer program to calculate F-statistics. Journal of Heredity, 86, 485 486.
  • Govindaraju, D.R. (1988) Relationship between dispersal ability and levels of gene flow in plants. Oikos, 52, 31 35.
  • Grashof-Bokdam, C.J., Jansen, J., Smulders, M.J.M. (1998) Dispersal patterns of Lonicera periclymenum determined by genetical analysis. Molecular Ecology, 7, 165 174.
  • Gray, A.J. (1996) Genetic diversity and its conservation in natural populations of plants. Biodiversity Letters, 3, 71 80.
  • Greene, D.F. & Johnson, E.A. (1996) Wind dispersal of seeds from a forest into a clearing. Ecology, 77, 595 609.
  • Hamrick, J.L. (1983) The distribution of genetic variation within and among natural plant populations. Genetics and Conservation. A Reference for Managing Wild Animal and Plant Populations (eds C.S Schonewald-Cox et al.), pp. 335 346. Benjamin-Cummings, London, UK.
  • Hamrick, J.L. (1987) Gene flow and the distribution of genetic variation in plant populations. Differentiation in Higher Plants (ed. K.Urbanska) pp. 53 67. Academic Press, New York, NY.
  • Hamrick, J.L. & Godt, M.J. (1990) Allozyme diversity in plant species. Population Genetics, Breeding and Genetic Resources (eds A.H.D.Brown, M.T.Clegg, A.L.Kahler & B.S.Weir), pp. 43 63. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • Hartl, D.L. & Clark, A.G. (1989) Principles of Population Genetics, 2nd edn. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • Hengeveld, R. (1989) Dynamics of Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London, UK.
  • Hollingsworth, P.M., Preston, C.D., Gornall, R.J. (1996) Genetic variability in two hydrophilous species of Potamogeton, P. pectinatus and P. filiformis (Potamogetonaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 202, 233 254.
  • Hu, X.-S. & Ennos, R.A. (1997) On estimation of the ratio of pollen to seed flow among plant populations. Heredity, 79, 541 552.
  • Huiskes, A.H.L., Koutstaal, B.P., Herman, P.M.J., Beeftink, W.G., Markusse, M.M., De Munck, W. (1995) Seed dispersal of halophytes in tidal salt marshes. Journal of Ecology, 83, 559 567.
  • Husband, B.C. & Barrett, S.C.H. (1996) A metapopulation perspective in plant population biology. Journal of Ecology, 84, 461 469.
  • Jarne, P. & Lagoda, P.J.L. (1996) Microsatellites, from molecules to populations and back. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 424 429.
  • Johansson, M.E. & Nilsson, C. (1993) Hydrochory, population dynamics and distribution of the clonal aquatic plant Ranunculus lingua. Journal of Ecology, 81, 81 91.
  • Kimura, M. (1953) ‘Stepping stone’ model of population. Annual Report of the National Institute of Genetics, Japan, 3, 62 63.
  • Kreitman, M.E. & Akashi, H. (1995) Molecular evidence for natural selection. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 26, 403 422.
  • Kremer, A., Petit, R.J., Zanetto, A., Fougere, V., Ducousso, A., Wagner, D.B., Chauvin, C. (1991) Nuclear and organelle gene diversity in Quercus robur and Q. petraea. Genetic Variation in European Populations of Forest Trees (eds G.Müller-Starck & M.Ziehe), pp. 141 166. Sauerländers-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
  • Lönn, M., Prentice, H.C., Tegelström, H. (1995) Genetic differentiation in Hippocrepis emerus (Leguminosae): allozyme and DNA fingerprint variation in disjunct Scandinavian populations. Molecular Ecology, 4, 39 48.
  • Lynch, M. & Crease, T. (1990) The analysis of population survey data on DNA sequence variation. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 7, 377 394.
  • Lynch, M. & Milligan, B.G. (1994) Analysis of population genetic structure with RAPD markers. Molecular Ecology, 3, 91 99.
  • McCauley, D.E. (1994) Contrasting the distribution of chloroplast DNA and allozyme polymorphism among local populations of Silene alba: implications for studies of gene flow in plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 91, 8127 8131.
  • McCauley, D.E. (1995) The use of chloroplast DNA polymorphism in studies of gene flow in plants. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 198 202.
  • McCauley, D.E. (1997) The relative contributions of seed and pollen movement to the local genetic structure of Silene alba. Journal of Heredity, 88, 257 263.
  • McCauley, D.E., Raveill, J., Antonovics, J. (1995) Local founding events as determinants of genetic structure in a plant metapopulation. Heredity, 75, 630 636.
  • Mader, E., Van Vierssen, W., Schwenk, K. (1998) Clonal diversity in the submerged macrophyte Potamogeton pectinatus L. inferred from nuclear and cytoplasmic variation. Aquatic Botany, 62, 147 160.
  • Mantel, N. (1967) The detection of disease clustering and a generalised regression approach. Cancer Research, 27, 209 220.
  • Masson-Gamer, R.J., Holsinger, K.E., Jansen, R.K. (1995) Chloroplast DNA haplotype variation within and among populations of Coreopsis grandiflora (Asteraceae). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 12, 371 381.
  • Meagher, T.R. & Thompson, E. (1987) Analysis of parentage for naturally established seedlings of Chamaelirium luteum (Liliaceae). Ecology, 68, 803 812.
  • Michalakis, Y. & Excoffier, L. (1996) A generic estimation of population subdivision using distances between alleles with special reference for microsatellite loci. Genetics, 142, 1061 1064.
  • Mogensen, H.L. (1996) The hows and whys of cytoplasmic inheritance in seed plants. American Journal of Botany, 83, 383 404.
  • Neale, D.B., Saghai-Maroof, M.A., Allard, R.W., Zhang, Q., Jorgensen, R.A. (1986) Chloroplast DNA diversity in populations of wild and cultivated barley. Genetics, 120, 1105 1110.
  • Nei, M. (1972) Genetic distance between populations. American Naturalist, 106, 283 292.
  • Nei, M. (1973) Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 70, 3321 3323.
  • Neigel, J.E. (1997) A comparison of alternative strategies for estimating gene flow from genetic markers. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 28, 105 128.
  • Nevo, E., Zohary, D., Brown, A.H.D., Haber, M. (1979) Genetic diversity and environmental associations of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum in Israel. Evolution, 33, 815 833.
  • Nilsson, C., Gardfjell, M., Grelsson, G. (1991) Importance of hydrochory in structuring plant communities along rivers. Canadian Journal of Botany, 69, 2631 2633.
  • Olivieri, I., Couvet, D., Gouyon, P.-H. (1990) The genetics of transient populations: research at the metapopulation level. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 5, 207 210.
  • Olmstead, R.G. & Palmer, J.D. (1994) Chloroplast DNA systematics: a review of methods and data analysis. American Journal of Botany, 81, 1205 1224.
  • Ouborg, N.J. (1993) On the relative contribution of genetic erosion to the chance of population extinction. PhD Thesis. University of Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
  • Petit, R.J., Kremer, A., Wagner, D.B. (1993a) Finite island model for organelle and nuclear genes in plants. Heredity, 71, 630 641.
  • Petit, R.J., Kremer, A., Wagner, D.B. (1993b) Geographic structure of chloroplast DNA polymorphisms in European oaks. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 87, 122 128.
  • Porter, A.H. & Geiger, H. (1995) Limitations to the inference of gene flow at regional scales – an example from the Pieris napi group (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 54, 329 348.
  • Rannala, B. & Hartigan, J. (1996) Estimating gene flow in island populations. Genetical Research, 67, 147 158.
  • Rannala, B. & Mountain, J. (1997) Detecting immigration by using multilocus genotypes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 94, 9197 9201.
  • Raybould, A.F., Mogg, R.J., Aldam, C., Gliddon, C.J., Thorpe, R.S., Clarke, R.T. (1998) The genetic structure of sea beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima) populations. III. Detection of isolation by distance at microsatellite loci. Heredity, 80, 127 132.
  • Raybould, A.F., Mogg, R.J., Clarke, R.T. (1996) The genetic structure of Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima (sea beet) populations: RFLPs and isozymes show different patterns of gene flow. Heredity, 77, 245 250.
  • Raybould, A.F., Mogg, R.J., Gliddon, C.J. (1997) The genetic structure of Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima (sea beet) populations. II. Differences in gene flow estimated from RFLP and isozyme loci are habitat-specific. Heredity, 78, 532 538.
  • Rousset, F. (1997) Genetic differentiation and estimation of gene flow under isolation by distance. Genetics, 145, 1219 1228.
  • Ruckelshaus, M.H. (1996) Estimation of genetic neighborhood parameters from pollen and seed dispersal in the marine angiosperm Zostera marina L. Evolution, 50, 856 864.
  • Schaal, B.A. (1980) Measurement of gene flow in Lupinus texensis. Nature, 284, 450 451.
  • Silvertown, J. (1991) Dorothy’s dilemma and the unification of plant population biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 346 348.
  • Slatkin, M. (1977) Gene flow and genetic drift in a species subject to frequent local extinction. Theoretical Population Biology, 12, 253 262.
  • Slatkin, M. (1985a) Gene flow in natural populations. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 16, 393 430.
  • Slatkin, M. (1985b) Rare alleles as indicators of gene flow. Evolution, 39, 53 65.
  • Slatkin, M. (1987) Gene flow and the geographic structure of natural populations. Science, 236, 787 792.
  • Slatkin, M. (1991) Inbreeding coefficients and coalescent times. Genetical Research Cambridge, 58, 167 192.
  • Slatkin, M. (1993) Isolation by distance in equilibrium and non-equilibrium populations. Evolution, 47, 264 279.
  • Slatkin, M. (1995) Measure of population subdivision based on microsatellite allele frequencies. Genetics, 139, 457 462.
  • Slatkin, M. & Barton, N.H. (1989) A comparison of three indirect methods for estimating average levels of gene flow. Evolution, 43, 1349 1368.
  • Slatkin, M. & Maddison, W. (1989) A cladistic measure of gene flow inferred from the phylogenies of alleles. Genetics, 123, 603 613.
  • Slatkin, M. & Maddison, W. (1990) Detecting isolation by distance using phylogenies of genes. Genetics, 126, 249 260.
  • Stewart, C.N. & Prakash, C.S. (1998) Chloroplast-transgenic plants are not a gene flow panacea. Nature Biotechnology, 16, 401.
  • Strand, A.E., Leebens-Mack, J., Milligan, B.G. (1997) Nuclear DNA-based markers for plant evolutionary biology. Molecular Ecology, 6, 113 118.
  • Strand, A.E., Milligan, B.G., Pruitt, C.M. (1996) Are populations islands? Analysis of chloroplast DNA variation in Aquilegia. Evolution, 50, 1822 1829.
  • Tanksley, S.D. (1993) Mapping polygenes. Annual Review of Genetics, 27, 205 233.
  • Thiede, D.A. & Augspurger, C.K. (1996) Intraspecific variation in seed dispersion of Lepidium campestre (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany, 83, 856 866.
  • Tufto, J., Engen, S., Hindar, K. (1996) Inferring patterns of migration from gene frequencies under equilibrium conditions. Genetics, 144, 1911 1921.
  • Van Dorp, D. (1996) Seed dispersal in agricultural habitats and the restoration of species-rich meadows. PhD Thesis. Agricultural University of Wageningen, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
  • Van Dorp, D., Van Den Hoek, W.P.M., Daleboudt, C. (1996) Seed dispersal capacity of six perennial grassland species measured in a wind-tunnel at varying wind speed and height. Canadian Journal of Botany, 74, 1956 1963.
  • Voelker, R.A., Schaffer, H.E., Mukai, T. (1980) Spontaneous allozyme mutations in Drosophila melanogaster: rate of occurrence and nature of mutants. Genetics, 94, 961 968.
  • Wade, M.J. & McCauley, D.E. (1988) Extinction and recolonization: their effects on the genetic differentiation of local populations. Evolution, 42, 995 1005.
  • Wang, X.R. & Szmidt, A.E. (1994) Hybridization and chloroplast DNA variation in a Pinus species complex from Asia. Evolution, 48, 1020 1031.
  • Weber, J.L. & Wong, C. (1993) Mutation of human short tandem repeats. Human Molecular Genetics, 2, 1123 1128.
  • Weir, B.S. (1996) Genetic Data Analysis II. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • Weir, B.S. & Cockerham, C.C. (1984) Estimating F-statistics for the analysis of population structure. Evolution, 38, 1358 1370.
  • Weissing, K., Nybom, H., Wolff, K., Meyer, W. (1995) DNA Fingerprinting in Plants and Fungi. CRC Press, Boca Ratan, NJ.
  • Whitlock, M.C. (1992) Nonequilibrium population structure in forked fungus beetles: extinction, colonisation, and the genetic variance among populations. American Naturalist, 139, 952 970.
  • Whitlock, M.C. & McCauley, D.E. (1990) Some population genetic consequences of colony formation and extinction: genetic correlations within founding groups. Evolution, 44, 1717 1724.
  • Williamson, M. (1996) Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London, UK.
  • Wolff, K., El-Akkad, S., Abbott, R.J. (1997) Population substructure in Alkanna orientalis (Boraginaceae) in the Sinai Desert, in relation to its pollinator behaviour. Molecular Ecology, 6, 365 372.
  • Wright, S. (1931) Evolution in mendelian populations. Genetics, 16, 97 159.
  • Wright, S. (1940) Breeding structure of populations in relation to speciation. American Naturalist, 74, 232 248.
  • Wright, S. (1943) Isolation by distance. Genetics, 28, 114 138.
  • Wright, S. (1978) Evolution and the Genetics of Populations, Vol. 4. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill.