SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Cannell, M.G.R., Rothery, P., Ford, E.D. (1984) Competition within stands of Picea sitchensis and Pinus contorta. Annals of Botany, 53, 349 362.
  • Chesson, P.L. (1986) Environmental variation and the coexistence of species. Community Ecology (eds J.A.Diamond & T.J.Case), pp. 240 256. Harper & Row, New York, NY.
  • Cook, R.E. (1985) Growth and development in clonal plant populations. Population Biology and Evolution of Clonal Organisms (eds J.B.C.Jackson, L.W.Buss & R.E.Cook), pp. 259 296. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
  • Dale, A. & Elkington, T.T. (1984) Distribution of clones of Galium boreale L. on Widdybank Fell, Teesdale. New Phytologist, 96, 317 330.
  • Efron, B. & Tibshirani, R.J. (1993) An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Chapman & Hall, New York, NY.
  • Ellstrand, N.C. & Roose, M.L. (1987) Patterns of genotypic diversity in clonal plant species. American Journal of Botany, 74, 123 131.
  • Eriksson, Å. & Eriksson, O. (1997) Seedling recruitment in semi-natural pastures: the effects of disturbance, seed size, phenology and seed bank. Nordic Journal of Botany, 17, 469 482.
  • Eriksson, O. (1993) Dynamics of genets in clonal plants. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 8, 313 316.
  • Eriksson, O. (1997) Clonal life histories and the evolution of seed recruitment. The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (eds H.De Kroon & J.Van Groenendael), pp. 211 226. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Eriksson, O. & Bremer, B. (1993) Genet dynamics of the clonal plant Rubus saxatilis. Journal of Ecology, 81, 533 542.
  • Eriksson, O. & Jerling, L. (1990) Hierarchical selection and risk spreading in clonal plants. Clonal Growth in Plants: Regulation and Function (eds J.Van Groenendael & H.De Kroon), pp. 79 94. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, the Netherlands.
  • Fair, J., Lauenroth, W.K., Coffin, D.P. (1999) Demography of Bouteloua gracilis in a mixed prairie: analysis of genets and individuals. Journal of Ecology, 87, 233 243.
  • Hara, T. (1993) Effects of variation in individual growth on plant species coexistence. Journal of Vegetation Science, 4, 409 416.
  • Hara, T. & Herben, T. (1997) Shoot growth dynamics and size-dependent shoot fate of a clonal plant, Festuca rubra, in a mountain grassland. Researches on Population Ecology, 39, 83 93.
  • Harada, Y., Kawano, S., Iwasa, Y. (1997) Probability of clonal identity: inferring the relative success of sexual vs. clonal reproduction from spatial genetic patterns. Journal of Ecology, 85, 591 600.
  • Harberd, D.J. & Owen, M. (1969) Some experimental observations on the clone structure of a natural population of Festuca rubra L. New Phytologist, 68, 93 104.
  • Herben, T., During, H.J., Krahulec, F. (1995) Spatiotemporal dynamics in mountain grasslands: species autocorrelations in space and time. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica, 30, 185 196.
  • Herben, T., Krahulec, F., Hadincová, V., Kovářová, M. (1993a) Small-scale spatial dynamics of plant species in a grassland community over six years. Journal of Vegetation Science, 4, 171 178.
  • Herben, T., Krahulec, F., Hadincová, V., Kovářová, M., Skálová, H. (1993b) Tiller demography of Festuca rubra in a mountain grassland: seasonal development, life span, and flowering. Preslia (Praha), 65, 341 353.
  • Jackson, R.B. & Caldwell, M.M. (1993) Geostatistical patterns of soil heterogeneity around individual perennial plants. Journal of Ecology, 81, 683 692.
  • Jonsson, B.O. (1995) Old populations of the rhizomatous sedge Carex bigelowii show little intermingling of clones (genets). Abstracta Botanica (Budapest), 19, 105 113.
  • Kudoh, H., Shibaike, H., Takasu, H., Whigham, D.F., Kawano, S. (1999) Genet structure and determinants of clonal structure in a temperate deciduous woodland herb, Uvularia perfoliata. Journal of Ecology, 87, 244 257.
  • Law, R., Herben, T., Dieckmann, U. (1997) Non-manipulative estimates of competition coefficients in a mountain grassland community. Journal of Ecology, 85, 505 517.
  • Levitan, D.R. & Grosberg, R.K. (1993) The analysis of paternity and maternity in the marine hydrozoan Hydractinia symbiolongicarpus using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Molecular Ecology, 2, 315 326.
  • MacDonald, S.E. & Lieffers, V.J. (1991) Population variation, outcrossing, and colonization of disturbed areas by Calamagrostis canadensis: evidence from allozyme analysis. American Journal of Botany, 78, 1123 1129.
  • McLellan, A.J., Prati, D., Kaltz, O., Schmid, B. (1997). Structure and analysis of phenotypic and genetic variation in clonal plants. The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (eds H.De Kroon & J.Van Groenendael), pp. 185 210. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Maddox, G.D., Cook, R.E., Wimberger, P.H., Gardescu, S. (1989) Clone structure in four Solidago altissima (Asteraceae) populations: rhizome connections within genotypes. American Journal of Botany, 76, 318 326.
  • Milligan, B.G. (1992) Plant DNA isolation. Molecular Genetic Analysis of Populations: A Practical Approach (ed. A.R.Hoelzel), pp. 59 88. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Mohler, C.L., Marks, P.L., Sprugel, D.G. (1978) Stand structure and allometry of trees during self-thinning of pure stands. Journal of Ecology, 66, 599 614.
  • Parker, K.C. & Hamrick, J.L. (1992) Genetic diversity and clonal structure in a columnar cactus, Lophocereus schottii. American Journal of Botany, 79, 86 96.
  • Parks, J.C. & Werth, C.R. (1993) A study of spatial features of clones in a population of bracken fern, Pteridium aquilinum (Dennstaedtiaceae). American Journal of Botany, 80, 537 544.
  • Schläpfer, F. & Fischer, M. (1998) An isozyme study of clone diversity and relative importance of sexual and vegetative recruitment in the grass Brachypodium pinnatum. Ecography, 21, 351 360.
  • Sebens, K.P. & Thorne, B.L. (1985) Coexistence of clones, clonal diversity and the effects of disturbance. Population Biology and Evolution of Clonal Organisms (eds J.B.C.Jackson, L.W.Buss & R.E.Cook), pp. 357 398. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
  • Silvertown, J.W., Prince, S.D., Smith, B.A. (1989) A field portable instrument for mapping the microenvironment within grass canopies. Functional Ecology, 2, 263 268.
  • Skálová, H. & Krahulec, F. (1992) The response of three Festuca rubra clones to changes in light quality and plant density. Functional Ecology, 6, 282 290.
  • Skálová, H., Pecháčková, S., Suzuki, J., Herben, T., Hara, T., Hadincová, V., Krahulec, V. (1997) Within population genetic differentiation in traits affecting clonal growth: Festuca rubra in a mountain grassland. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 10, 383 406.
  • Steinger, T., Körner, C., Schmid, B. (1996) Long-term persistence in a changing climate: DNA analysis suggests very old ages of clones of alpine Carex curvula. Oecologia, 105, 94 99.
  • Tang, Y. & Washitani, I. (1995) Characteristics of small-scale heterogeneity in light availability within a Miscanthus sinensis canopy. Ecological Research, 10, 189 197.
  • Tegelström, H. (1992) Detection of mitochondrial DNA fragments. Molecular Genetic Analysis of Populations: A Practical Approach (ed. A.R.Hoelzel), pp. 89 113. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Turkington, R. (1989) The growth, distribution and neighbour relationships of Trifolium repens in a permanent pasture. VI. Conditioning effects by neighbours. Journal of Ecology, 77, 734 746.
  • Watkinson, A.R. & Powell, J.C. (1993) Seedling recruitment and the maintenance of clonal diversity in plant populations – a computer simulation of Ranunculus repens. Journal of Ecology, 81, 707 718.
  • Widén, B., Cronberg, N., Widén, M. (1994) Genotypic diversity, molecular markers and spatial distribution of genets in clonal plants. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica, 29, 245 263.
  • Williams, J.G.K., Kubelik, A.R., Livak, K.J., Rafalski, J.A., Tingey, S.V. (1990) DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful as genetic markers. Nucleic Acids Research, 18, 6531 6535.
  • Zhukova, L.A. & Ermakova, I.M. (1985) Structure and dynamics of coenopopulations of some temperate grasses. Population Structure of Vegetation (ed. J.White), pp. 179 206. Junk, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.