SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ashton, P.M.S., Harris, P.G. & Thadani, R. (1998) Soil seed bank dynamics in relation to topographic position of a mixed-deciduous forest in southern New England, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 111, 1522.
  • 2
    Augspurger, C.K. (1988) Impact of pathogens on natural plant populations. Plant Population Biology (eds A.J.Davy, M.J.Hutchings & A.R.Watkinson), pp. 413433. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, U.K.
  • 3
    Baskin, C.C. & Baskin, J.M. (1998) Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. Academic Press, New York.
  • 4
    Baskin, J.M. & Baskin, C.C. (1994) Nondeep simple morphophysiological dormancy in seeds of the mesic woodland winter annual Corydalis flavula (Fumariaceae). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 121, 4046.
  • 5
    Bergelson, J. (1990) Life after death – site preemption by the remains of Poa annua. Ecology, 71, 21572165.
  • 6
    Blackshaw, R.E. (1992) Soil-temperature, soil-moisture, and seed burial depth effects on redstem filaree (Erodium cicutarium) emergence. Weed Science, 40, 204207.
  • 7
    Brinkman, K.A. (1974) Rubus L. Blackberry, raspberry. Seeds of Wood Plants in the United States (ed. C.S.Schopmeyer), pp. 73843. Agriculture Handbook no. 450. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC.
  • 8
    Brown, S.C. (1998) Remnant seed banks and vegetation as predictors of restored marsh vegetation. Canadian Journal of Botany, 76, 620629.
  • 9
    Càceres, C.E. (1997) Temporal variation, dormancy, and coexistence: a field test of the storage effect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94, 91719175.
  • 10
    Callaway, R.M. (1995) Positive interactions among plants. Botanical Review, 61, 306349.
  • 11
    Carpenter, S.B. & Smith, N.D. (1981) Germination of Paulownia seeds in the presence and absence of light. Tree Planting Notes, 32, 2729.
  • 12
    Cavers, P.B., Groves, R.H. & Kaye, P.E. (1995) Seed population dynamics of Onopordum over one year in southern New South Wales. Journal of Applied Ecology, 32, 425433.
  • 13
    Chambers, J.C. & MacMahon, J.A. (1994) A day in the life of a seed – movements and fates of seeds and their implications for natural and managed systems. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics, 25, 263292.
  • 14
    Chesson, P.L. (1986) Environmental variation and the coexistence of species. Community Ecology (eds J.Diamond & T.J.Case), pp. 240256. Harper & Row, New York.
  • 15
    Cohen, D. (1966) Optimizing reproduction in a randomly varying environment. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 12, 119129.
  • 16
    Debussche, M. & Isemnann, P. (1994) Bird-dispersed seed rain and seedling establishment in patchy Mediterranean vegetation. Oikos, 69, 414426.
  • 17
    DeStasio, B.T. Jr (1989) The seed bank of a freshwater crustacean: copepodology for the plant ecologist. Ecology, 68, 17781784.
  • 18
    Doucet, C. & Cavers, P.B. (1996) A persistent seed bank of the bull thistle Cirsium vulgare. Canadian Journal of Botany, 74, 861391.
  • 19
    Garcia-Fayos, P., Recatala, T.M., Cerda, A. & Calvo, A. (1995) Seed population-dynamics on badland slopes in southeastern Spain. Journal of Vegetation Science, 6, 691696.
  • 20
    Grassle, J.F. & Smith, W. (1976) A similarity measure sensitive to the contribution of rare species and its use in investigation of variation in marine benthic communities. Oecologia, 25, 1322.
  • 21
    Grime, J.P. (1989) Seed banks in ecological perspective. Ecology of Soil Seed Banks (eds M.A.Leck, V.T.Parker & R.L. Simpson), pp. xvxxii. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
  • 22
    Hairston, N.J. Jr, Van Brunt, R.A., Kearns, C.M. & Engstrom, D.R. (1995) Age and survivorship of diapausing eggs in a sediment egg bank. Ecology, 76, 17061711.
  • 23
    Hairston, N.J. Jr, Ellner, S. & Kearns, C.M. (1997) Overlapping generations: the storage effect and the maintenance of biotic diversity. Population Dynamics in Ecological Space and Time (eds O.E.Rhodes, R.K.Chesser Jr & M.H.Smith), pp. 109146. University of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
  • 24
    Hamrick, J.L. & Lee, J.M. (1987) Effect of soil surface topography and litter cover on the germination, survival and growth of musk thistle (Carduus nutans). American Journal of Botany, 74, 451457.
  • 25
    Harper, J.L. (1977) Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, New York.
  • 26
    Heck, K.L., Van Belle, G. & Simberloff, D. (1975) Explicit calculation of the rarefaction diversity measurement and the determination of sufficient sample size. Ecology, 56, 14591461.
  • 27
    Holl, K.D. (1998) Effects of above- and below-ground competition of shrubs and grass on Calophyllum brasiliense (Camb.) seedling growth in abandoned tropical pasture. Forest Ecology and Management, 109, 187195.
  • 28
    Hurlbert, S.H. (1971) The nonconcept of species diversity: a critique and alternative parameters. Ecology, 52, 577586.
  • 29
    Hyatt, L.A. (1996) Seed bank dynamics in a temperate zone deciduous forest. Thesis, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.
  • 30
    Hyatt, L.A. (1998) Spatial patterns and causes of overwinter seed mortality in Phytolacca americana. Canadian Journal of Botany, 76, 197203.
  • 31
    Hyatt, L.A. (1999) Differences between seed bank composition and field recruitment in a temperate zone deciduous forest. American Midland Naturalist, 142, 3138.
  • 32
    Jobidon, R. (1993) Nitrate fertilization stimulates emergence of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) under forest canopy. Fertilizer Research, 36, 9194.
  • 33
    Leck, M.A., Parker, V.T. & Simpson, R.L. (eds) (1989) Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
  • 34
    Levin, D.A. (1990) The seed bank as a source of genetic novelty in plants. American Naturalist, 135, 563572.
  • 35
    Li, X.D. & Wilson, S.D. (1998) Facilitation among woody plants establishing in an old field. Ecology, 79, 26942705.
  • 36
    Lonsdale, W.M. (1993) Losses from the seed bank of Mimosa pigra– soil microorganisms vs. temperature-fluctuations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30, 654660.
  • 37
    Marks, P.L. (1974) The role of pin cherry (Prunus pennsylvanica L.) in the maintenance of stability in northern hardwood ecosystems. Ecological Monographs, 44, 7388.
  • 38
    McDonnell, M.J. (1986) Old field vegetation height and the dispersal pattern of bird disseminated woody-plants. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 113, 611.
  • 39
    Nakagoshi, N. (1985) Buried viable seeds in temperate forests. The Population Structure of Vegetation(ed. J.White), pp. 551570. Dr W. Junk, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • 40
    Pake, C.E. & Venable, D.L. (1995) Is coexistence of Sonoran Desert annuals mediated by temporal variability in reproductive success? Ecology, 76, 246261.
  • 41
    Peterson, C.J. & Carson, W.P. (1996) Generalizing forest regeneration models: the dependence of propagule availability on disturbance history and stand size. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 26, 4552.
  • 42
    Pickett, S.T.A. & McDonnell, M.J. (1989) Seed bank dynamics in temperate deciduous forest. Ecology of Soil Seed Banks (eds M.A.Leck, V.T.Parker & R.L Simpson), pp. 123148. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
  • 43
    Qi, M.Q. & Scarratt, J.B. (1998) Effect of harvesting method on seed bank dynamics in a boreal mixedwood forest in northwestern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Botany, 76, 872883.
  • 44
    Schupp, E.W. & Fuentes, M. (1995) Spatial patterns of seed dispersal and the unification of plant-population ecology. Ecoscience, 2, 267275.
  • 45
    Shmida, A. & Ellner, S. (1984) Coexistence of plant species with similar niches. Vegetatio, 58, 2955.
  • 46
    Smith, W. & Grassle, J.F. (1977) Sampling properties of a family of diversity measures. Biometrics, 33, 283292.
  • 47
    Smith, W., Kravitz, D. & Grassle, J.F. (1979) Confidence intervals for similarity measures using the two sample jackknife. Multivariate Methods in Ecological Work (eds L.Orloci, C.R.Rao & M.Stiteler), pp. 253262. International Cooperative Publishing House, Fairland, USA.
  • 48
    StatSoft (1994) Statistica Volume 1: General Conventions and Statistics I. StatSoft, Tulsa, USA.
  • 49
    Thompson, K. (1987) Seeds and seed banks. New Phytologist, 106 (Suppl.), 2334.
  • 50
    Thompson, K., Bakker, J.P., Bekker, R.M. & Hodgson, J.G. (1998) Ecological correlates of seed persistence in soil in the north-west European flora. Journal of Ecology, 86, 163169.
  • 51
    Thompson, K., Bakker, J.P. & Bekker, R.M. (1997) The Soil Seed Banks of North West Europe. Methodology, Density and Longevity. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK.
  • 52
    Thompson, K. & Grime, J.P. (1979) Seasonal-variation in the seed banks of herbaceous species in 10 contrasting habitats. Journal of Ecology, 67, 893921.
  • 53
    Venable, D.L. & Brown, J.S. (1988) The selective interactions of dispersal, dormancy, and seed size as adaptations for reducing risk in variable environments. American Naturalist, 131, 360384.
  • 54
    Verdu, M. & Garcia-Fayos, P. (1996) Postdispersal seed predation in a Mediterranean patchy landscape. Acta Oecologia, 17, 379391.
  • 55
    Werner, P.A. & Harbeck, A.L. (1982) The pattern of tree seedling establishment relative to staghorn sumac cover in Michigan old fields. American Midland Naturalist, 108, 124132.
  • 56
    Wilson, S.D., Moore, D.R.J. & Keddy, P.A. (1993) Relationships of marsh seed banks to vegetation patterns along environmental gradients. Freshwater Biology, 29, 361370.
  • 57
    Young, J.A. & Young, C.J. (1992) Seeds of Woody Plants in North America. Dioscorides Press, Portland, USA.