SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aide, T.M. (1987) Limbfalls: a major cause of sapling mortality for tropical forest plants. Biotropica, 19, 284285.
  • Basnet, K. (1993) Recovery of a tropical rain forest after hurricane damage. Vegetatio, 109, 14.
  • Bellingham, P.J., Tanner, E.V.J. & Healey, J.R. (1994) Sprouting of trees in Jamaican montane forests after a hurricane. Journal of Ecology, 82, 747758.
  • Bellingham, P.J., Tanner, E.V.J. & Healey, J.R. (1995) Damage and responsiveness of Jamaican montane tree species after disturbance by a hurricane. Ecology, 76, 25622580.
  • Boucher, D.H., Vandermeer, J.H., Yih, K. & Zamora, N. (1990) Contrasting hurricane damage in tropical rain forest and pine forest. Ecology, 71, 20222024.
  • Clark, D.B. & Clark, D.A. (1989) The role of physical damage in the seedling mortality regime of a neotropical rain forest. Oikos, 55, 225230.
  • Clark, D.B. & Clark, D.A. (1991) The impact of physical damage on canopy tree regeneration in tropical rain forest. Journal of Ecology, 79, 447457.
  • Condit, R. (1998) Tropical forest census plots. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, and R.G. Landes Co., Georgetown, TX.
  • Condit, R., Ashton, P.S., Manokaran, N., LaFrankie, J.V., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1999) Dynamics of the forest communities at Pasoh and Barro Colorado: comparing two 50 ha plots. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 354, 17391748.
  • Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1995) Mortality rates of 205 neotropical tree and shrub species and the impact of a severe drought. Ecological Monographs, 65, 419439.
  • Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1996a) Changes in a tropical forest with a shifting climate: results from a 50 hectare permanent census plot at Barro Colorado Island in Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 12, 231256.
  • Condit, R., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1996b) Assessing the response of plant functional types to climatic change in tropical forests. Journal of Vegetation Science, 7, 405416.
  • DeSteven, D. (1986) Comparative demography of a clonal palm (Oenocarpus mapora subsp. mapora) in Panama. Principes, 30, 100104.
  • Everham, E.M. III & Brokaw, N.V.L. (1996) Forest damage and recovery from catastrophic wind. Botanical Review, 62, 113185.
  • Gartner, B.L. (1989) Breakage and regrowth of Piper species in rain forest understory. Biotropica, 21, 303307.
  • Glitzenstein, J.S. & Harcombe, P.A. (1988) Effects of the December 1983 tornado on forest vegetation of the Big Thicket, southeast Texas, U.S.A. Forest Ecology and Management, 25, 269290.
  • Gorchov, D.L., Cornejo, F., Ascorra, C. & Jaramillo, M. (1993) The role of seed dispersal in the natural regeneration of rain forest after strip-cutting in the Peruvian Amazon. Vegetatio, 107/108, 339349.
  • Greig, N. (1993) Regeneration mode in neotropical Piper: habitat and species comparisons. Ecology, 74, 21252135.
  • Guariguata, M.R. (1998) Response of forest tree saplings to experimental mechanical damage in lowland Panama. Forest Ecology and Management, 102, 103111.
  • Harcombe, P.A. & Marks, P.L. (1983) Five years of tree death in a Fagus-Magnolia forest, southeast Texas (USA). Oecologia, 57, 4954.
  • Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1983) Diversity of canopy trees in a neotropical forest and implications for the conservation of tropical forests. Tropical rain forest: ecology and management (eds S.J.Sutton, T.C.Whitmore & A.C.Chadwick), pp. 2541. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, England.
  • Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1986) Commonness and rarity in a neotropical forest: implications for tropical tree conservation. Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity (ed. M.E.Soulé), pp. 205231. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Ibrahim, S. (1991) A note on the coppicing ability of Shorea species in peat swamp forests in peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 3, 301303.
  • Johnson, P.S. (1975) Growth and structural development of red oak sprout clumps. Forest Science, 21, 413418.
  • Kauffman, J.B. (1991) Survival by sprouting following fire in tropical forests of the eastern Amazon. Biotropica, 23, 219224.
  • Kinsman, S. (1990) Regeneration by fragmentation in tropical montane forest shrubs. American Journal of Botany, 77, 16261633.
  • Leigh, E.G. Jr (1999) Tropical forest ecology: a view from Barro Colorado Island. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Matelson, T.J., Nadkarni, N.M. & Solano, R. (1995) Tree damage and annual mortality in a montane forest in Monteverde, Costa Rica. Biotropica, 27, 441447.
  • Miller, P.M. & Kauffman, J.B. (1998) Seedling and sprout response to slash-and-burn agriculture in a tropical deciduous forest. Biotropica, 30, 538546.
  • Murphy, P.G. & Lugo, A.E. (1986) Structure and biomass of a subtropical dry forest in Puerto Rico. Biotropica, 18, 8996.
  • Negrelle, R.R.B. (1995) Sprouting after uprooting of canopy trees in the Atlantic rain forest of Brazil. Biotropica, 27, 448454.
  • Peterson, C.J. & Pickett, S.T.A. (1991) Treefall and resprouting following catastrophic windthrow in an old-growth hemlock-hardwoods forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 42, 205217.
  • Peterson, C.J. & Rebertus, A.J. (1997) Tornado damage and initial recovery in three adjacent, lowland temperate forests in Missouri. Journal of Vegetation Science, 8, 559564.
  • Pinard, M.A. & Putz, F.E. (1996) Retaining forest biomass by reducing logging damage. Biotropica, 28, 278295.
  • Putz, F.E. & Brokaw, N.V.L. (1989) Sprouting of broken trees on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Ecology, 70, 508512.
  • Putz, F.E., Coley, P.D., Lu, K., Montalvo, A. & Aiello, A. (1983) Uprooting and snapping of trees: structural determinants and ecological consequences. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13, 10111020.
  • Putz, F.E. & Sharitz, R.R. (1991) Hurricane damage to old-growth forest in Congaree Swamp National Monument, South Carolina, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 21, 17651770.
  • Rijks, M.H., Malta, E.-J. & Zagt, R.J. (1998) Regeneration through sprout formation in Chlorocardium rodiei (Lauraceae) in Guyana. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 14, 463475.
  • Sampaio, E.V.S.B., Salcedo, I.H. & Kauffman, J.B. (1993) Effect of different fire severities on coppicing of caatinga vegetation in Serra Talhada, PE, Brazil. Biotropica, 25, 452460.
  • Santamour, F.S. Jr, McArdle, A.J. & Strider, P.V. (1989) Susceptibility of flowering dogwood of various provenances to dogwood anthracnose. Plant Disease, 73, 590591.
  • Tomlinson, P.B. (1990) The structural biology of palms. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Walker, L.R. (1991) Tree damage and recovery from Hurricane Hugo in Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Biotropica, 23, 379385.
  • Walker, L.R. (1995) Timing of post-hurricane tree mortality in Puerto Rico. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 11, 315320.
  • Welden, C.W., Hewett, S.W., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (1991) Sapling survival, growth, and recruitment: relationship to canopy height in a neotropical forest. Ecology, 72, 3550.
  • Whigham, D.F., Olmsted, I., Cabrera Cano, E. & Harmon, M.E. (1991) The impact of Hurricane Gilbert on trees, litterfall, and woody debris in a dry tropical forest in the northeastern Yucatan peninsula. Biotropica, 23, 434441.
  • Williamson, G.B., Schatz, G.E., Avlarado, A., Redhead, C.S., Stam, A.C. & Sterner, R.W. (1986) Effects of repeated fires on tropical paramo vegetation. Tropical Ecology, 27, 6269.
  • Wright, S.J., Carrasco, C., Calderon, O. & Paton, S. (1999) The El Niño Southern Oscillation, variable fruit production, and famine in a tropical forest. Ecology, 80, 16321647.
  • Yih, K., Boucher, D.H., Vandermeer, J.H. & Zamora, N. (1991) Recovery of the rain forest of southeastern Nicaragua after destruction by Hurricane Joan. Biotropica, 23, 106113.
  • Zahner, R., Myers, R.K. & Hutto, C.J. (1985) Crop tree quality in young Piedmont oak stands of sprout origin. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, 9, 1520.
  • Zimmerman, J.K., Everham, E.M. III, Waide, R.B., Lodge, D.J., Taylor, C.M. & Brokaw, N.V.L. (1994) Responses of tree species to hurricane winds in subtropical wet forest in Puerto Rico: implications for tropical tree life histories. Journal of Ecology, 82, 911922.