SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, E.J., Allen, L.J.S. & Gilliam, X. (1996) Dispersal and competition models for plants. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 34, 455481.DOI: 10.1007/s002850050017
  • Alvarez-Buylla, E.R. (1994) Density dependence and patch dynamics in tropical rain forests: matrix models and applications to a tree species. American Naturalist, 143, 155191.
  • Carey, P.D. (1991) The population ecology of Vulpia ciliata ssp. ambigua (Le Gall) Stace & Auquier. PhD Thesis, University of East Anglia, Norwich.
  • Carey, P.D. & Watkinson, A.R. (1993) The dispersal and fates of seeds of the winter annual grass Vulpia ciliata. Journal of Ecology, 81, 759767.
  • Carey, P.D., Watkinson, A.R. & Gerard, F.F.O. (1995) The determinants of the distribution and abundance of the winter annual grass Vulpia ciliata subsp. Ambigua. Journal of Ecology, 83, 177188.
  • Cliff, A.D. & Ord, J.K. (1981) Spatial Processes: Models and Applications. Pion, London.
  • Cousens, R. & Mortimer, A.M. (1995) Dynamics of Weed Populations. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Crawley, M.J. & May, R.M. (1987) Population dynamics and plant community structure: competition between annuals and perennials. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 125, 475489.
  • Dobson, A.J. (1990) An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Fisher, R.A. (1937) The wave of advance of advantageous genes. Annals of Eugenics, 7, 255369.
  • Freckleton, R.P. & Watkinson, A.R. (1998a) How does temporal variability affect predictions of weed population numbers? Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 340344.
  • Freckleton, R.P. & Watkinson, A.R. (1998b) Predicting the determinants of weed abundance: a model for the population dynamics of Chenopodium album in sugar beet. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 904920.
  • Freckleton, R.P. & Watkinson, A.R. (2000) On detecting and measuring competition in spatially structured plant communities. Ecology Letters, 3, 423432.DOI: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2000.00167.x
  • Freckleton, R.P., Watkinson, A.R., Dowling, P.M. & Leys, A.R. (2000) Determinants of the abundance of invasive annual weeds: community structure and non-equilibrium dynamics. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B, 267, 11531161.
  • Haining, R. (1990) Spatial Data Analysis in the Social and Environmental Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Hanski, I.A. & Simberloff, D. (1997) The metapopulation approach, its history, conceptual domain, and application to conservation. Metapopulation Biology: Ecology, Genetics and Evolution (eds I.A.Hanski & M.E.Gilpin), pp. 526. Academic Press, London.
  • Hardin, D.P., Takac, P. & Webb, G.F. (1990) Dispersion population models discrete in time and continuous in space. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 28, 120.
  • Harper, J.L., Williams, J.T. & Sagar, G.R. (1965) The behaviour of seeds in the soil: I. The heterogeneity of soil surfaces and its role in determining the establishment of plants. Journal of Ecology, 53, 273286.
  • Hastings, H.M. & Sugihara, G. (1993) Fractals: a User's Guide for the Natural Sciences. Oxford Science Publications, Oxford.
  • Kot, M., Lewis, M.A. & Van Den Driessche, P. (1996) Dispersal data and the spread of invading organisms. Ecology, 77, 20272042.
  • Law, R., McLellan, A. & Mahdi, A.-K.S. (1993) Spatio-temporal processes in a calcareous grassland. Plant Species Biology, 8, 175193.
  • Lawton, J.H. (1999) Are there general laws in ecology? Oikos, 84, 177192.
  • Linhart, Y.B. (1976) Density-dependent seed germination strategies in colonising versus non-colonising species. Journal of Ecology, 64, 375380.
  • Lintell Smith, G., Freckleton, R.P. & Firbank, L.G. (1999) The population dynamics of Anisantha sterilis in winter wheat: spatial and temporal variability, and the role of management. Journal of Applied Ecology, 36, 455471.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2664.1999.00420.x
  • Mack, R.N. & Pyke, D.A. (1983) The demography of Bromus tectorum: variation in time and space. Journal of Ecology, 71, 6993.
  • Marinissen, J.C.Y. & Van Den Bosch, F. (1992) Colonisation of new habitats by earthworms. Oecologia, 91, 371376.
  • May, R.M. (1989) Levels of organization in ecology. Ecological Concepts (ed. J.M.Cherret), pp. 339363. Blackwells, Oxford.
  • Van Der Meijden, E., Klinkhamer, P.G.L., De Jong, T.J. & Van Wijk, C.A.M. (1992) Metapopulation dynamics of biennial plants: how to exploit temporary habitats. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 41, 249270.
  • Okubo, A. (1980) Diffusion and ecological problems: mathematical models. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Pacala, S.W. (1997) Dynamics of plant communities. Plant Ecology (ed. M.J.Crawley), pp. 532555. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Pacala, S.W. & Levin, S.A. (1997) Biologically generated spatial pattern and the coexistence of competing species. Spatial Ecology: the Role of Space in Population Dynamics and Interspecific Interactions (eds D.Tilman & P.Kareiva), pp. 204232. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Pacala, S.W. & Silander, J.A. (1990) Field tests of neighbourhood population dynamic models of two annual weed species. Ecological Monographs, 60, 113134.
  • Preston, C.D. & Hill, M.O. (1997) The geographical relationships of British and Irish vascular plants. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 124, 1120.DOI: 10.1006/bojl.1996.0084
  • Rees, M., Grubb, P.J. & Kelly, D. (1996) Quantifying the impact of competition and spatial heterogeneity on the structure and dynamics of a four species guild of winter annuals. American Naturalist, 147, 132.
  • Rees, M. & Long, M.J. (1992) Germination biology and the ecology of annual plants. American Naturalist, 139, 484508.
  • Roques, K.G., O'connor, J.G. & Watkinson, A.R. (2001) Dynamics of shrub enchroachent in an African savanna: relative influences of fire, herbivory, rainfall and density dependence. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, in press.
  • Rosenbrock, H.H. (1960) An automatic method for finding the greatest or least value of a function. Computing Journal, 3, 175184.
  • Schmidt, K.P. & Levin, D.A. (1985) The comparative demography of reciprocally sown populations of Phlox drummondii Hook. I. Survivorship, fecundities and finite ranges of increase. Evolution, 39, 396404.
  • Da Silva Matos, D.M., Freckleton, R.P. & Watkinson, A.R. (1999) The role of density-dependence in the population dynamics of a tropical palm. Ecology, 80, 26352650.
  • Silvertown, J.W. & Lovett Doust, J. (1993) Introduction to Plant Population Biology, (3rd edn). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Skellam, J.G. (1951) Random dispersal in theoretical populations. Biometrika, 38, 196218.
  • Statistica (1990) Statsoft™, Tuscon.
  • Stewart, A., Pearman, D.A. & Preston, C.D. (1994) Scarce plants in Britain. Joint Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough.
  • Symonides, E. (1983) Population size regulation as a result of intra–population interactions. I. Effect of density on the survival and development of individuals of Erophila verna (L.). Ekologia Polska, 31, 839881.
  • Symonides, E. (1988) Population dynamics of annual plants. Plant Population Ecology (eds A.J.Davy, M.J.Hutchings & A.R.Watkinson), pp. 221248. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Symonides, E., Silvertown, J. & Andreasen, V. (1986) Population cycles caused by overcompensating density-dependence in an annual plant. Oecologia, 71, 156158.
  • Turnbull, L.A., Rees, M. & Crawley, M.J. (1999) Seed mass and competition/colonization trade-off: a sowing experiment. Journal of Ecology, 87, 899912.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.1999.00405.x
  • Venable, D.L. & Lawlor, L. (1980) Delayed germination and dispersal in desert annuals: escape in time and space. Oecologia, 46, 272282.
  • Venable, D.L., Pake, C.E. & Caprio, A.C. (1993) Diversity and coexistence of Sonoran desert winter annuals. Plant Species Biology, 8, 207216.
  • Watkinson, A.R. (1980) Density-dependence in single-species populations of plants. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 83, 345357.
  • Watkinson, A.R. (1985) On the abundance of plants along an environmental gradient. Journal of Ecology, 73, 569578.
  • Watkinson, A.R. (1990) The population dynamics of Vulpia fasciculata: a nine year study. Journal of Ecology, 78, 196209.
  • Watkinson, A.R. (1996) Plant population dynamics. Plant Ecology (ed. M.J.Crawley), pp. 137184. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Watkinson, A.R. & Davy, A.J. (1985) Population biology of salt marsh and sand dune annuals. Vegetatio, 62, 487497.
  • Watkinson, A.R. & Harper, J.L. (1978) The demography of a sand dune annual: Vulpia fasciculata. 1. The natural regulation of populations. Journal of Ecology, 66, 1533.
  • Watkinson, A.R., Lonsdale, W.M. & Andrew, M.H. (1989) Modelling the population dynamics of an annual plant: Sorghum intrans in the wet-dry tropics. Journal of Ecology, 77, 162181.
  • Watkinson, A.R., Newsham, K.K. & Forrester, L. (1998) Biological Flora of the British Isles: Vulpia ciliata Dumort. ssp. ambigua (Le Gall) Stace & Auquier (Vulpia ambigua (Le Gall) More, Festuca ambigua Le Gall). Journal of Ecology, 86, 690705.
  • Wu, J. & Levin, S.A. (1994) A spatial patch dynamic modeling approach to pattern and process in an annual grassland. Ecological Monographs, 64, 447464.