SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ashmun, J.W., Thomas, R.J. & Pitelka, L.F. (1982) Translocation of photoassimilates between sister ramets in two rhizomatous forest herbs. Annals of Botany, 49, 403415.
  • Bowen, B.J. & Pate, J.S. (1993) The significance of root starch in post-fire shoot recovery of the resprouter Stirlingia latifolia R. Br. (Proteaceae). Annals of Botany, 72, 716.
  • Chapman, D.F., Robson, M.J. & Snaydon, R.W. (1990) Short term effects of manipulating the source-sink ratio in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Physiologia Plantarum, 80, 262266.
  • Chapman, D.F., Robson, M.J. & Snaydon, R.W. (1991) Quantitative carbon distribution in clonal plants of white clover (Trifolium repens L.): source-sink relationships during relatively undisturbed growth. Journal of Agricultural Science, 116, 229238.
  • Chazdon, R.L. (1991) Effects of leaf and ramet removal on growth and reproduction of Geonoma congesta, a clonal understorey palm. Journal of Ecology, 79, 11371146.
  • Chazdon, R.L. (1992) Patterns of growth and reproduction of Geonoma congesta, a clustered understory palm. Biotropica, 24, 4351.
  • Cook, R.E. (1985) Growth and development in clonal plant populations. Population Biology and Evolution of Clonal Organisms (eds J.B.C.Jackson, L.W.Buss & R.E.Cook), pp. 259296. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • DesRochers, A. (2000) Aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) clonal root dynamics and respiration. PhD thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton Alberta.
  • Eriksson, O. & Jerling, L. (1990) Hierarchical selection and risk spreading in clonal plants. Clonal Growth in Plants: Regulation and Function (eds J.Van Groenendael & H.De Kroon), pp. 7994. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, The Netherlands.
  • Hogg, T. & Lieffers, V.J. (1991) The impact of Calamagrostis canadensis on soil thermal regimes after logging in northern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 21, 387394.
  • Iwasa, Y. & Kubo, T. (1997) Optimal size of storage for recovery after unpredictable disturbances. Evolutionary Ecology, 11, 4165.
  • Jenik, J. (1994) Clonal growth in woody plants: a review. Folia Geobotanica and Phytotaxonomica, 29, 291306.
  • Jones, M.B. & Laude, H.M. (1960) Relationships between sprouting in chamise and the physiological condition of the plant. Journal of Range Management, 13, 210214.
  • Kemball, W.D. & Marshall, C. (1995) Clonal integration between parent and branch stolons in white clover: a developmental study. New Phytologist, 129, 513521.
  • Koop, H. (1987) Vegetative reproduction of trees in some European natural forests. Vegetatio, 72, 103110.
  • De Kroon, H. & Van Groenendael, J. (1997) The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants. Backhuys, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  • Lambers, H., Chapin, F.S. III & Pons, T.L. (1998) Plant Physiological Ecology. Springer Verlag, New York.
  • Landhäusser, S.M. & Lieffers, V.J. (1997) Seasonal changes in carbohydrate storage and regrowth in rhizomes and stems of four boreal forest shrubs: application in Picea glauca understory regeneration. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 12, 2732.
  • Landhäusser, S.M. & Lieffers, V.J. (2001) Photosynthesis and carbon allocation of six boreal tree species grown in understory and open conditions. Tree Physiology, 21, 243250.
  • Larcher, W. (1995) Physiological Plant Ecology. Springer Verlag, New York.
  • Maini, J.S. (1967) Variation in the vegetative propagation of Populus in natural populations. Bulletin of the Ecological Society, 48, 7576.
  • Nobel, J.C. & Marshall, C. (1983) The population biology of plants with clonal growth. 2. The nutrient strategy and modular physiology of Carex arenaria. Journal of Ecology, 71, 865877.
  • Peterson, C.J. & Jones, R.H. (1997) Clonality in woody plants: a review and comparison with clonal herbs. The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (eds H.De Kroon & J.Van Groenendael), pp. 263289. Backhuys, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  • Reichenbacker, R.R., Schultz, R.C. & Hart, E.R. (1996) Artificial defoliation effect on Populus growth, biomass production, and total nonstructural carbohydrate concentration. Environmental Entomology, 25, 632642.
  • Ruark, G.A. & Bockheim, J.G. (1987) Below-ground biomass of 10-, 20- and 32-year-old Populus tremuloides in Wisconsin. Pedobiologia, 30, 207217.
  • Sakai, A., Sakai, S. & Akiyama, F. (1997) Do sprouting tree species on erosion-prone sites carry large reserves of resources? Annals of Botany, 79, 625630.
  • Schier, G.A. (1973a) Origin and development of aspen root suckers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 3, 4553.
  • Schier, G.A. (1973b) Seasonal variation in sucker production from excised roots of Populus tremuloides and the role of endogenous auxin. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 3, 5961.
  • Schier, G.A. & Campbell, R.B. (1978) Aspen sucker regeneration following burning and clearcutting on two sites in the Rocky Mountains. Forest Science, 24, 303308.
  • Shepperd, W.D. (1993) Initial Growth, Development, and Clonal Dynamics of Regenerated Aspen in the Rocky Mountains. Research Paper, RM-312. USDA. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Smith, B.L., Dieni, J.S., Rogers, R.L. & Anderson, S.H. (2000) Effects of ungulate browsing on aspen regeneration in northwestern Wyoming. Intermountain Journal of Sciences, 6, 4955.
  • Smith, D., Paulsen, G.M. & Raguse, C.A. (1964) Extraction of total available carbohydrates from grass and legume tissue. Plant Physiology, 39, 960962.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. (1981) Biometry. W.H. Freeman Co, New York.
  • Strong, W.L. & La Roi, G.H. (1983) Root-system morphology of common boreal forest trees in Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13, 11641173.
  • Tschaplinsky, T.J. & Blake, T.J. (1995) Growth and carbohydrate status of coppice shoots of hybrid poplar following shoot pruning. Tree Physiology, 15, 333338.
  • Zasada, J.C. & Schier, G.A. (1973) Aspen root suckering in Alaska: effect of clone, collection time, and temperature. Northwest Science, 47, 100104.
  • Zasada, J.C., Tappeiner, J.C., Maxwell, B.D. & Radwan, M.A. (1994) Seasonal changes in shoot and root production and in carbohydrate content of salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) rhizome segments from central Oregon Coast Ranges. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 24, 272277.