SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alpert, P. (1991) Nitrogen sharing among ramets increases clonal growth in Fragaria chiloensis. Ecology, 72, 6980.
  • Alpert, P., Bone, E. & Holzapfel, C. (2000) Invasiveness, invasibility and the role of environmental stress in the spread of non-native plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 3, 5266.
  • Bakker, J.P. & Berendse, F. (1999) Constraints in the restoration of ecological diversity in grassland and heathland communities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 6368.
  • Barbour, M.G., Craig, R.B., Drysdale, F.R. & Ghiselin, M.T. (1973) Coastal Ecology: Bodega Head. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Burke, M.J.W. & Grime, J.P. (1996) An experimental study of plant community invasibility. Ecology, 77, 776790.
  • Claassen, V.P. & Marler, M. (1998) Annual and perennial grass growth on nitrogen-depleted decomposed granite. Restoration Ecology, 6, 175180.
  • Cleverly, J.R., Smith, S.D., Sala, A. & Devitt, D.A. (1997) Invasive capacity of Tamarix ramosissima in a Mojave Desert floodplain: the role of drought. Oecologia, 111, 1218.
  • D’Antonio, C.M., Dudley, T.L. & Mack, M. (1999) Disturbance and biological invasions: direct effects and feedbacks. Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground (ed. L.R.Walker), pp. 429468. Elsevier Press, New York.
  • Elton, C.S. (1958) The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. Methuen, London.
  • Hamilton, J.G., Holzapfel, C. & Mahall, B.E. (1999) Coexistence and interference between a native perennial grass and non-native annual grasses in California. Oecologia, 121, 518526.
  • Heady, H.F., Foin, T.C., Hektner, M.M., Taylor, D.W., Barbour, M.G. & Barry, W.J. (1995) Coastal prairie and northern coastal scrub. Terrestrial Vegetation of California (eds M.G.Barbour & J.Major), pp. 733759. Wiley-Interscience, New York.
  • Hickman, J.C. (1993) The Jepson Manual. Higher Plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Hobbs, R.J. & Mooney, H.A. (1991) Effects of rainfall variability and gopher disturbance on serpentine annual grassland dynamics. Ecology, 72, 5968.
  • Hobbs, R.J. & Mooney, H.A. (1995) Spatial and temporal variability in California annual grassland: results from a long-term study. Journal of Vegetation Science, 6, 4356.
  • Hoopes, M.F. & Hall, L.M. (2002) Edaphic factors and competition affect pattern formation and invasion in a California grassland. Ecological Applications, 12, 2439.
  • Kolb, A. (1999) Patterns of biological invasions in a California coastal grassland – the role of environmental stress. MSc thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
  • Lonsdale, W.M. (1999) Global patterns of plant invasions and the concept of invasibility. Ecology, 80, 15221536.
  • Maron, J.L. & Connors, P.G. (1996) A native nitrogen-fixing shrub facilitates weed invasion. Oecologia, 105, 302312.
  • Maron, J.L. & Jefferies, R.L. (1999) Bush lupine mortality, altered resource availability and alternative vegetation states. Ecology, 80, 443454.
  • Milchunas, D.G. & Lauenroth, W.K. (1995) Inertia in plant community structure: state changes after cessation of nutrient-enrichment stress. Ecological Applications, 5, 452458.
  • Mooney, H.A. & Hobbs, R.J. (2000) Invasive Species in a Changing World. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Murphy, D.D. & Ehrlich, P.R. (1989) Conservation biology of California's remnant native grasslands. Grassland Structure and Function: California Annual Grassland (eds L.F.Huenneke & H.A.Mooney), pp. 201211. Kluwer, Dordrecht.
  • Nernberg, D. & Dale, M.R.T. (1997) Competition of five native prairie grasses with Bromus inermis under three moisture regimes. Canadian Journal of Botany, 75, 21402145.
  • Randall, J.M. (1997) Defining weeds of natural areas. Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions (eds J.O.Luken & J.W.Thieret), pp. 1825. Springer, New York.
  • Rhoades, J.D. (1982) Soluble salts. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties (eds A.L.Page, R.H.Miller & D.R.Keeney), pp. 167179. American Society of Agronony and Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Richardson, D.M., Allsopp, N., D’Antonio, C.M., Milton, S.J. & Rejmánek, M. (2000a) Plant invasions – the role of mutualisms. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 75, 6593.
  • Richardson, D.M., Bond, W.J., Dean, W.R.J., Higgins, S.I., Midgley, G.F., Milton, S.J., Powrie, L.W., Rutherford, M.C., Samways, M.J. & Schulze, R.E. (2000b) Invasive alien species and global change: a South African perspective. Invasive Species in a Changing World (eds H.A.Mooney & R.J.Hobbs), pp. 303349. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Roché, B.F., Roché, C.T. & Chapman, C. (1994) Impacts of grassland habitat on yellow starthistle (Centaurea solsitialis L.) invasion. Northwest Science, 68, 8696.
  • Stohlgren, T.J., Binkley, D., Chong, G.W., Kalkhan, M.A., Schell, L.D., Bull, K.A., Otsuki, Y., Newman, G., Bashkin, M. & Son, Y. (1999) Exotic plant species invade hot spots of native plant diversity. Ecological Monographs, 69, 2546.
  • Stromberg, M.R. & Griffin, J.R. (1996) Long-term patterns in coastal California grasslands in relation to cultivation, gophers, and grazing. Ecological Applications, 6, 11891211.
  • Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G., Grime, J.P. & Burke, M.J.W. (2001) Plant traits and temporal scale: evidence from a 5-year invasion experiment using native species. Journal of Ecology, 89, 10541060.
  • Vitousek, P.M. & Walker, L.R. (1989) Biological invasion by Myrica faya in Hawai’i: plant demography, nitrogen fixation, ecosystem effects. Ecological Monographs, 59, 247265.
  • Wedin, D. & Tilman, D. (1993) Competition among grasses along a nitrogen gradient: initial conditions and mechanisms of competition. Ecological Monographs, 63, 199229.
  • Wedin, D.A. & Tilman, D. (1996) Influence of nitrogen loading and species composition on the carbon balance of grasslands. Science, 274, 17201723.
  • White, T.A., Campbell, B.D. & Kemp, P.D. (1997) Invasion of temperate grassland by a subtropical annual grass across an experimental matrix of water stress and disturbance. Journal of Vegetation Science, 8, 847854.