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Atypical nasal challenges in patients with idiopathic rhinitis: more evidence for the existence of allergy in the absence of atopy?

Authors


Mr A. Simon Carney, Senior Lecturer in ENT, Department of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia. E-mail: scarney@ent-surgery.com

Summary

Background The pathophysiology of idiopathic rhinitis is unknown although evidence is accumulating to suggest that many patients may have a localized form of allergic rhinitis in the absence of other atopic symptoms and markers. This study compares detailed nasal challenge results obtained from patients with idiopathic rhinitis to those of atopic and normal controls.

Methods Patients with idiopathic rhinitis (n = 23), perennial allergic rhinitis (n = 8) and normal controls (n = 8) underwent a normal saline challenge to exclude hyper-reactivity and then bilateral nasal allergen challenges. Nasal patency was assessed by anterior active rhinomanometry.

Results All of the patients with atopic rhinitis demonstrated positive bilateral allergen challenges. All normal control subjects had bilateral negative challenges. Two patients in the idiopathic group tested positively to saline and were excluded from further study with 62% of the remainder testing positive to allergens. Of the idiopathic patients testing positive, 85% were sensitive to house dust mite.

Conclusion A significant proportion of patients with idiopathic rhinitis have positive nasal challenges, the vast majority to house dust mite allergen. These findings add to the weight of evidence that suggests ‘localized allergy’ may exist in the absence of systemic atopic markers.

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