SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aerts, R., Boot, R.G.A. & Van der Aart, P.J.M. (1991) The relation between above- and belowground biomass allocation patterns and competitive ability. Oecologia, 87, 551559.
  • Battaglia, L.L., Foré, S.A. & Sharitz, R.R. (2000) Seedling emergence, survival and size in relation to light and water availability in two bottomland hardwood species. Journal of Ecology, 88, 10411050.
  • Battaglia, L.L., Sharitz, R.R. & Minchin, M.R. (1999) Patterns of seedling and overstory composition along a gradient of hurricane disturbance in an old-growth bottomland hardwood community. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29, 144156.
  • Becker, M. (1969) Le hêtre (Fagus sylvatica L.) et ses problèmes en forêt de Viller-Cotterêts (Aisne). Contribution à la mise au point d’une méthode dynamique d’étude écologique du milieu forestier. Annales des Sciences Forestières, 26, 141182.
  • Belsky, A.J. (1994) Influences of trees on savanna productivity: tests of shade, nutrients, and tree-grass competition. Ecology, 75, 922932.
  • Berendse, F. & Aerts, R. (1984) Competition between Erica tetralix L. & Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench as affected by availability of nutrients. Acta Oecologia, 5, 314.
  • Bobbink, R., Hornung, M. & Roelofs, J.G.M. (1998) The effects of air-borne nitrogen pollutants on species diversity in natural and semi-natural European vegetation. Journal of Ecology, 86, 717738.
  • Bormann, F.H. & Likens, G.E. (1994) Pattern and Process in a Forested Ecosystem. Springer Verlag, New-York.
  • Brzeziecki, B. & Kienast, F. (1994) Classifying the life-history strategies of trees on the basis of the Grimian model. Forest Ecology and Management, 69, 167187.
  • Callaway, R.M., Nadkarni, N.M. & Mahall, B.E. (1991) Facilitation and interference of Quercus douglasii on understory productivity in central California. Ecology, 72, 14841499.
  • Callaway, R.M., Reinhart, K.O., Tucker, S.C. & Pennings, S.C. (2001) Effects of epiphytic lichens on host preference of the vascular epiphyte Tillandsia usneoides. Oïkos, 94, 433441.
  • Callaway, R.M. & Walker, L.R. (1997) Competition and facilitation: a synthetic approach to interactions in plant communities. Ecology, 78, 19581965.
  • Chabot, B.F. & Hicks, D.J. (1982) The ecology of leaf life spans. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic, 13, 229259.
  • Connell, J.H. (1990) Apparent vs. ‘real’ competition in plants. Perspectives on Plant Competition (eds J.B.Grace & D. Tilman), pp. 926. Academic Press, New York.
  • Cuevas, J.G. (2000) Tree recruitment at the Nothofagus pumilio alpine timberline in Tierra del Fuego, Chile. Journal of Ecology, 88, 840855.
  • Davies, S.J. (2001) Tree mortality and growth in 11 sympatric Macaranga species in Borneo. Ecology, 82, 920932.
  • Denslow, J.S., Ellison, A.M. & Sanford, R.E. (1998) Treefall gap size effects on above- and below-ground processes in a tropical wet forest. Journal of Ecology, 86, 597609.
  • Dobremez, J.F. (1970) Les forêts sur sols hydromorphes du Bas Dauphiné: contribution à l’étude des corrélations sol-végétation. PhD thesis, University of Grenoble, Grenoble.
  • Dorich, R.A. & Nelson, D.W. (1983) Ammonium measurement. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 47, 833836.
  • El-Kalhoum, M., Boeye, D., Verhagen, B. & Van Haesebroeck, V. (2000) A comparison of the nutrient status of Molinia caerulea and neighbouring vegetation in a rich fen. Belgian Journal of Botany, 133, 91102.
  • Hedges, L., Gurevitch, J. & Curtis, P.S. (1999) The meta-analysis of response ratios in experimental ecology. Ecology, 80, 11501156.
  • Henry, H.A.L. & Aarssen, L.W. (1997) On the relationship between shade tolerance and shade avoidance strategies in woodland plants. Oïkos, 80, 575582.
  • Huante, P., Rincon, E. & Acosta, I. (1995) Nutrient availability and growth rate of 34 woody species from a tropical deciduous forest in Mexico. Functional Ecology, 9, 849858.
  • Hubbell, S.P., Foster, R.B., O'Brien, S.T., Harms, K.E., Condit, R., Wechsler, B. et al. (1999) Light-gap disturbances, recruitment limitation, and tree diversity in a neotropical forest. Science, 283, 554557.
  • Humphrey, J.W. & Swaine, M.D. (1997) Factors affecting the natural regeneration of Quercus in Scottish oakwoods. I. Competition from Pteridium aquilinum. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 577584.
  • Hurlbert, S.H. (1984) Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs, 54, 187211.
  • Jones, E.W. (1944) Biological flora of the British Isles, Acer L. Journal of Ecology, 32, 215252.
  • Joud, D. (1997) Complexité morphogénétique, historique et écologique des écosystèmes forestiers ‘hydromorphes ’des plateaux et terrasses du Bas-Dauphiné. PhD thesis, University of Grenoble, Grenoble.
  • Kazda, M., Wagner, C., Pichler, M. & Hager, H. (1998) Potentielle lichtausnützung von Quercus petraea, Fagus sylvatica und Acer pseudoplatanus im jahr des Vorenbaus. Allgemeine Forst- und Jagdt-Zeitung, 169, 157163.
  • Kubota, Y. (2000) Spatial dynamic of regeneration in a conifer/broad-leaved forest in northern Japan. Journal of Vegetation Science, 11, 633640.
  • Kuuluvainen, T. & Rouvinen, S. (2000) Post-fire understorey regeneration in boreal Pinus sylvestris forest sites with different fire histories. Journal of Vegetation Science, 11, 801812.
  • Lambers, H. & Poorters, H. (1992) Inherent variation in growth rate between higher plants: a search for physiological causes and ecological consequences. Advances in Ecological Research, 23, 187261.
  • Lautenschlager, R.A. (1999) Environmental resource interactions affect red raspberry growth and its competition with white spruce. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29, 906916.
  • Lawlor, L.R. (1979) Direct and indirect effects of n-species competition. Oecologia, 43, 355364.
  • Levine, S.H. (1976) Competitive interactions in ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 110, 903910.
  • Levine, J.M. (1999) Indirect facilitation: evidence and predictions from a riparian community. Ecology, 80, 17621769.
  • Li, X. & Wilson, S.D. (1998) Facilitation among woody plants establishing in an old field. Ecology, 79, 26942705.
  • Meekins, J.F. & McCarthy, B.C. (2000) Responses of the biennal forest herb Alliaria petiolata to variation in population density, nuitrient addition and light availability. Journal of Ecology, 88, 447463.
  • Miller, T.E. (1994) Direct and indirect species interactions in an early old-field plant community. The American Naturalist, 143, 10071025.
  • Mladenoff, D.J. (1987) Dynamics of nitrogen mineralization and nitrification in hemlock and hardwood treefall gaps. Ecology, 68, 11711180.
  • Monk, C.D. (1966) An ecological significance of evergreenness. Ecology, 47, 504505.
  • Pages, J.P. (2002) Approche expérimentale de la facilitation indirecte dans les écosystèmes forestiers: exemples des forêts Dauphinoises (Alpes du Nord, France). PhD thesis, University of Grenoble, Grenoble.
  • Pages, J.P., Pache, G., Joud, D., Magan, N. & Michalet, R. (2003) Direct and indirect effects of shade on four forest tree seedlings in the French Alps. Ecology, 84, in press.
  • Peltzer, D.A. & Köchy, M. (2001) Competitive effects of grasses and woody plants in mixed-grass prairie. Journal of Ecology, 89, 519527.
  • Pennings, S.C. & Callaway, R.M. (1996) Impact of a parasitic plant on the structure and dynamics of salt marsh vegetation. Ecology, 77, 14101419.
  • Perez-Salicrup, D.R. (2001) Effect of liana cutting on tree regeneration in a liana forest, Amazonian Bolivia. Ecology, 82, 389396.
  • Rameau, J.C., Mansion, D. & Dumé, G. (1993) Flore Forestière Française 2. Montagnes. Institute pour le Développement Forestier, Paris, France.
  • Reich, P.B., Walters, M.B., Ellsworth, D.S., Vose, J.M., Volin, J.C., Gresham, C. et al. (1998) Relationships of leaf dark respiration to leaf nitrogen, specific leaf area and leaf life-span: a test across biomes and functional groups. Oecologia, 114, 471482.
  • RPE (1995) Référentiel Pédologique. INRA éditions, Paris.
  • Ruel, J.C. (1992) Impact de la compétition exercée par le framboisier (Rubus idaeus L.) et les feuillus de lumière sur la croissance du sapin (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) en régénération. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 22, 14081416.
  • Runkle, J.R. (1981) Gap regeneration in some old-growth forests of the eastern United States. Ecology, 62, 10411051.
  • Schnitzer, S.A., Dalling, J.W. & Carson, W.P. (2000) The impact of lianas on tree regeneration in tropical forest canopy gaps: evidence for an alternative pathway of gap-phase regeneration. Journal of Ecology, 88, 655666.
  • Slocum, M. (2001) How tree species differ as recruitment foci in a tropical pasture. Ecology, 82, 25472559.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. (1995) Biometry: the Principles and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research, 3rd edn. W.H. Freeman, New York.
  • Stone, L. & Roberts, A. (1991) Conditions for a species to gain advantage from the presence of competitors. Ecology, 72, 19641972.
  • Streng, D.R., Glitzenstein, J.S. & Harcombe, P.A. (1989) Woody seedling dynamic in an East Texas floodplain forest. Ecological Monographs, 59, 177204.
  • Takahashi, K. (1997) Regeneration and coexistence of two subalpine conifer species in relation to dwarf bamboo in the understorey. Journal of Vegetation Science, 8, 529536.
  • Taylor, K., Rowland, A.P. & Jones, H.E. (2001) Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench. Journal of Ecology, 89, 126144.
  • Tielbörger, K. & Kadmon, R. (2000) Indirect effects in a desert plant community: is competition among annuals more intense under shrub canopies? Plant Ecology, 150, 5363.
  • Todd, P.A., Phillips, J.D.P., Putwain, P.D. & Marrs, R.H. (2000) Control of Molinia caerulea on moorland. Grass and Forage Science, 55, 181191.
  • Van Auken, O.W. & Bush, J.K. (1991) Influence of shade and herbaceous competition on the seedling growth of two woody species. Madroño, 38, 149157.
  • Vandermeer, J.H. (1990) Indirect and diffuse interactions: complicated cycles in a population embedded in a large community. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 142, 429442.
  • Veblen, T.T. (1989) Tree regeneration responses to gaps along a transandean gradient. Ecology, 70, 541543.
  • Von Lüpke, B. (1998) Silvicultural methods of oak regeneration with special respect to shade tolerant mixed species. Forest Ecology and Management, 106, 1926.
  • Weiner, J. (1990) Asymmetric competition in plant populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 5, 360364.
  • Weltzin, J.F. & McPherson, G.R. (1999) Facilitation of conspecific seedling recruitment and shifts in temperate savanna ecotones. Ecological Monographs, 69, 513534.
  • Wheatley, R.E., McDonald, R. & McSmith, A. (1989) Extraction of nitrogen from soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 8, 189190.