* A considerable proportion of this literature employs non-medical participants who are asked to make medical judgements (i.e. diagnostic or treatment decisions) for hypothetical cases (e.g. Klayman & Brown 1993; Medin et al. 1982). Although such simulations are very helpful at uncovering general decision-making principles, we limit our discussion to studies in which participants have at least some medical training (i.e. medical students, residents or practising doctors). In focusing on common biases, we also do not consider differences across doctors varying in expertise, although we note that some research indicates that more experienced doctors do exhibit less bias (e.g. Dawson et al. 1988; Elstein et al. 1978).
Rationality in medical decision making: a review of the literature on doctors’ decision-making biases
Article first published online: 7 JUL 2008
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Special Issue: Evidence Based Medicine
Volume 7, Issue 2, pages 97–107, May 2001
How to Cite
Bornstein, B. H. and Emler, A. C. (2001), Rationality in medical decision making: a review of the literature on doctors’ decision-making biases. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 7: 97–107. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2753.2001.00284.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 7 JUL 2008
Options for accessing this content:
- If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team.
- Login via other institutional login options http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/login-options.
- You can purchase online access to this Article for a 24-hour period (price varies by title)
- New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.
Login via OpenAthens
Search for your institution's name below to login via Shibboleth.
Registered Users please login:
- Access your saved publications, articles and searches
- Manage your email alerts, orders and subscriptions
- Change your contact information, including your password
Please register to:
- Save publications, articles and searches
- Get email alerts
- Get all the benefits mentioned below!