* A considerable proportion of this literature employs non-medical participants who are asked to make medical judgements (i.e. diagnostic or treatment decisions) for hypothetical cases (e.g. Klayman & Brown 1993; Medin et al. 1982). Although such simulations are very helpful at uncovering general decision-making principles, we limit our discussion to studies in which participants have at least some medical training (i.e. medical students, residents or practising doctors). In focusing on common biases, we also do not consider differences across doctors varying in expertise, although we note that some research indicates that more experienced doctors do exhibit less bias (e.g. Dawson et al. 1988; Elstein et al. 1978).
Rationality in medical decision making: a review of the literature on doctors’ decision-making biases
Article first published online: 7 JUL 2008
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Special Issue: Evidence Based Medicine
Volume 7, Issue 2, pages 97–107, May 2001
How to Cite
Bornstein, B. H. and Emler, A. C. (2001), Rationality in medical decision making: a review of the literature on doctors’ decision-making biases. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 7: 97–107. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2753.2001.00284.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 7 JUL 2008
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