• 1
    Ryan CF, Whittaker JS, Road JD. Ventilatory dysfunction in severe anorexia nervosa. Chest 1992; 102: 12868.
  • 2
    Devuyst O, Lambert M, Rodhain C, Lefebvre C, Coche E. Haematological changes and infectious complications in anorexia nervosa: a case-control study. Q J Med 1993; 86: 7919.
  • 3
    Arora NS, Rochester DF. Respiratory muscle strength and maximal voluntary ventilation in undernourished patients. Am Rev Respir Dis 1982; 126: 58.
  • 4
    Harkema JR, Mauldery JL, Gregory RE, Pickrel JA. A comparison of starvation and elastase models of emphysema in the rat. Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 129: 58491.
  • 5
    Sahebjami H, Domino M. Effects of starvation and refeeding on elastase-induced emphysema. J Appl Physiol 1989; 66: 26116.
  • 6
    Kerr JS, Riley DJ, Lanza-Jacoby S, Berg RA, Spilker HC, Yu SY, Edelman NH. Nutritional emphysema in the rat. Am Rev Respir Dis 1985; 131: 64450.
  • 7
    Kalenga M. Lung growth and development in the rat: effects of early protein-energy malnutrition. Thesis. Belgium: Université Catholique de Louvain, 1994.
  • 8
    Sahebjami H, Vassalo CL. Influence of starvation on enzyme-induced emphysema. J Apply Physiol 1980; 48: 2848.
  • 9
    Winick M. Hunger Disease. Studies by the Jewish physicians in the Warsaw Ghetto. New-York: Wiley and Sons, 1979.
  • 10
    Gray-Donald K, Gibbons L, Shapiro SH, Macklem PT, Martin JG. Nutritional status and mortality in chronic obstructive disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 153: 9616.
  • 11
    Openbrier DR, Irwin MM, Rogers RM, Gottlieb GP, Van Dauber JH, Thiel DH, Pennock BE. Nutritional status and lung function in patients with emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Chest 1983; 83: 1722.
  • 12
    Murciano D, Rigaud D, Pingleton S, Armengaud MH, Melchior JC, Aubier M. Diaphragmatic function in severely malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa. Effects of renutrition. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994; 150: 156974.
  • 13
    Rey C, Alvin P, Pariente D, Courtecuisse V. Pneumomediastinum in a young girl with anorexia nervosa. Arch Pediat 1994; 1: 6524.
  • 14
    Satoh K, Ohkawa M, Tanabe M, Suwaki H. Anorexia nervosa with soft tissue emphysema in multiple locations. Am J Radiol 1994; 163: 484.
  • 15
    Burrows B, Fletcher CM, Heard BE, Jones NL, Wootliff JS. The emphysematous and bronchial types of chronic airways obstruction. Lancet 1966; 1: 8305.
  • 16
    Berend N, Woolcock AJ, Marlin GE. Correlation between the function and structure of the lung in smokers. Am Rev Respir Dis 1979; 119: 95705.
  • 17
    Gelb AF, Hogg JC, Müller NL, Schein MJ, Kuei J, Tashkin DP, et al. Contribution of emphysema and small airways in COPD. Chest 1996; 109: 3539.
  • 18
    American Psychiatric Asociation. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-111-R, 3rd edn revised. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1987; 657.
  • 19
    Cotes JE, Dabbs JM, Elwood PC, Hall AM, McDonald A, Saunders MJ. Iron-deficiency anaemia: its effects on transfer factor for the lung (diffusing capacity) and ventilation and cardiac frequency during sub-maximal exercice. Clin Sci 1972; 42: 32535.
  • 20
    Black LF, Hyatt RE. Maximal respiratory pressures: normal values and relationship to age and sex. Am Rev Respir Dis 1969; 99: 696702.
  • 21
    Jouasset D. Normalisation des épreuves fonctionnelles respiratoires dans les pays de la CECA. Poumon 1960; 16: 114559.
  • 22
    Salorinne Y. Single-breath pulmonary diffusing capacity. Scand J Respir Dis 1976; 96 (Suppl.): 184.
  • 23
    Dickman ML, Schmidd CP, Gardner RA. Spirometric standards for normal children and adolescents (ages 5 years through 18 years). Am Rev Respir Dis 1971; 104: 6807.
  • 24
    Rosenthal M, Cramer D, Bain SH, Denison D, Bush A, Warner JO. Lung function in white children aged 4–19 years: II Single breath analysis and plethysmography. Thorax 1993; 48: 8038.
  • 25
    Miller A, Thornton JC, Warshaw R, Anderson H, Teirstein AS, Selikoff IJ. Single breath diffusing capacity in a representative sample of the population of Michigan, a large industrial state. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127: 2707.
  • 26
    Van Ganse WF, Ferris BG, Cotes JE. Cigarette smoking and pulmonary diffusing capacity (transfer factor). Am Rev Respir Dis 1972; 105: 3041.
  • 27
    Hall AM, Heywood C, Cotes JE. Lung function in healthy British women. Thorax 1979; 34: 35965.
  • 28
    Sahebjami H. Nutrition and the pulmonary parenchyma. Clin Chest Med 1986; 7: 11126.
  • 29
    Meyers BA, Dubick MA, Gerreits J, Rucker RB, Jackson AC, Reiser KM, et al. Protein deficiency: effects on the lung mechanics and the accumulation of collagen and elastin in the rat lung. J Nutr 1983; 113: 230815.
  • 30
    Sahebjami H, Vassalo CL. Effects of starvation and refeeding on lung mechanics and morphometry. Am Rev Respir Dis 1979; 119: 44351.
  • 31
    Sahebjami H, Wirman JA. Emphysema-like changes in the lungs of starved rats. Am Rev Respir Dis 1981; 124: 61924.
  • 32
    American Thoracic Society. Standards for the diagnosis and care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995; 152: S77120.
  • 33
    Cravetto C, Carelli E, Cardellino G, Garbagni R. Osservaziono sulla funzione respiratoria nella anoressia mentale. Minerva Med 1966; 57: 3498501.
  • 34
    Lands L, Desmond KJ, Demizio D, Pavilanis A, Coates AL. The effects of nutritional status and hyperinflation on respiratory muscle strength in children and young adults. Am Rev Respir Dis 1990; 141: 15069.
  • 35
    Braun NMT, Arora NS, Rochester DF. Respiratory muscle and pulmonary function in polymyositis and other proximal myopathies. Thorax 1983; 38: 61623.
  • 36
    Miniati M, Filippi E, Falashi F, Carrozi L, Milne EN, Sostman HD, Pistolesi M. Radiologic evaluation of emphysema in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995; 151: 135967.
  • 37
    Lambert M, Hubert C, Depresseux G, Vande Berg B, Thissen J-P, Nagant de Deuxchaisnes C, Devogelaer J-P. Hematological changes in anorexia nervosa are correlated with total body fat mass depletion. Int J Eat Disorders 1997; 21: 32934.
  • 38
    Knudson RJ, Kaltenborn WT, Burrows B. The effects of cigarette smoking cessation on the carbon monoxide diffusing capacity of the lung in asymptomatic subjects. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989; 140: 64551.
  • 39
    Frans A, Stanescu DC, Veriter C, Clerbaux T, Brasseur L. Smoking and pulmonary diffusing capacity. Scand J Resp Dis 1975; 56: 16583.
  • 40
    Sorbini CA, Grassi V, Solinas E, Muiesan G. Arterial oxygen tension in relation to age in healthy subjects. Respiration 1968; 25: 310.
  • 41
    Hertle FH, Goerg R, Lange HJ. Die arteriellen Blutgaspartialdrücke und ihre Beziehungen zu alter und anthropometrishen Grössen. Respiration 1971; 28: 130.