SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Omvik P. How smoking affects blood pressure. Blood Press 1996; 5: 7177.
  • 2
    Primatesta P, Falasschetti E, Gupta S, Marmot MG, Poulter NR. Associations between smoking and blood pressure. Evidence from the health survey for England. Hypertension 2001; 37: 18793.
  • 3
    Huang Z, Willett WC, Manson JE et al. Body weight change and risk for hypertension in women. Ann Intern Med 1998; 128: 8188.
  • 4
    Hälsoförhållanden i Skåne. Folkhälsoenkät Skåne 2000. Region Skåne (public health report in Swedish). Malmö, Sweden: Department of Community Medicine, 2000.
  • 5
    Berglund G, Eriksson KF, Israelsson B et al. Cardiovascular risk groups and mortality in an urban Swedish male population: the Malmö Preventive Project. J Intern Med 1996; 239: 48997.
  • 6
    Wallström P, Wirfält E, Janzon L et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption in relation to risk factors for cancer: a report from the Malmö Diet and Cancer study. Public Health Nutr 2000; 3: 26371.
  • 7
    WHO. 1986 guidelines for the treatment of mild hypertension: memorandum from a WHO/IHS meeting. J Hypertens 1986; 4: 3836.
  • 8
    WHO. International Society of Hypertension guidelines for the management of hypertension. J Hypertens 1999; 17: 15183.
  • 9
    Hedblad B, Nilsson P, Engström G, Berglund G, Janzon L. Insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects is associated with increased incidence of myocardial infarctions and death. Diab Med 2002; 19: 4705.
  • 10
    Taylor HL, Jacobs DR Jr, Scucker B, Knudsen J, Leon AS, Debacker G. A questionnaire for the assessment of leisure time physical activities. J Chronic Dis 1978; 31: 74155.
  • 11
    Statistics Sweden. Swedish Socioeconomic Classification (SEI), Reports on Statistical Co-ordination. Stockholm: Statistics Sweden, 1982; 2448.
  • 12
    Hedblad B, Jonsson S, Nilsson P, Engström G, Berglund G, Janzon L. Obesity and myocardial infarction vulnerability related to occupational level and marital status. A 23-year follow-up of an urban male Swedish population. J Intern Med 2002; 252: 54250.
  • 13
    Pomerlau CS, Zucker AN, Steward AJ. Characterizing concerns about post-cessation weight gain: results from a national survey of women smokers. Nicotine Tob Res 2001; 3: 5160.
  • 14
    Pirie PL, McBride CM, Hellerstedt W et al. Smoking cessation in women concerned about weight. Am J Public Health 1992; 82: 123843.
  • 15
    Gerend MA, Boyle RG, Peterson CB, Hatsukami DK. Eating behaviour and weight control among women using smokeless tobacco, cigarettes, and normal controls. Addict Behav 1998; 23: 1718.
  • 16
    Ming DL, Kane JK, Parker SL, McAllen K, Shannon GM, Sharp BM. Nicotine administration enhances NPY expression in rat hypothalamus. Brain Res 2000; 9: 15764.
  • 17
    Zhang L, Meguid MM, Miyata G, Varma M, Fetissov SO. Role of hypothalamic monoamines in nicotine-induced anorexia in menopausal rats. Surgery 2001; 130: 13342.
  • 18
    Jensen EX, Fusch C, Jaeger P, Peheim E, Horber FF. Impact of chronic smoking on body composition and fuel metabolism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1995; 80: 21815.
  • 19
    Borup Christensen S, Ericsson UB, Janzon L, Tibblin S, Melander A. Influence of cigarette smoking on goiter formation, thyroglobulin, and thyroid hormone levels in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1984; 58: 6158.
  • 20
    Janzon L. Smoking cessation and peripheral circulation. A population study in 59-year-old men with plethysmography and segmental measurements of systolic blood pressure. Vasa 1975; 3: 2827.
  • 21
    Hall SM, Tunstall CD, Vila KL, Duffy J. Weight gain prevention and smoking cessation: cautionary findings. Am J Public Health 1992; 82: 799803.
  • 22
    Williamson DF, Madans J, Anda RF, Kleinman JC, Giovino GA, Byers T. Smoking cessation and severity of weight gain in a national cohort. N Engl J Med 1991; 324: 73945.
  • 23
    Berglund G, Wilhelmsen L. Factors related to blood pressure in a general population sample of Swedish men. Acta Med Scand 1975; 198: 2918.
  • 24
    Seltzer CC. Effect of smoking on blood pressure. Am Heart J 1974; 87: 55864.
  • 25
    Okubo Y, Miyamoto T, Suwazono Y, Kobayashi E, Nogawa K. An association between smoking habits and blood pressure in normotensive Japanese men. J Human Hypertens 2002; 16: 9196.
  • 26
    Green MS, Harari G. A prospective study of effects of changes in smoking habits on blood counts, serum lipids and lipoproteins, body weight and blood pressure in occupationally active men. The Israeli Cordis study. J Clin Epidemiol 1995; 9: 115966.
  • 27
    Lee DH, Ha MH, Kim JR, Jacobs DR. Effects of smoking cessation on changes in blood pressure and incidence of hypertension. A four-year follow up study. Hypertension 2001; 37: 1948.
  • 28
    Mancia G, Parati G, Di Rienzo A, Zanchetti A. Blood pressure variability. In: Handbook of Hypertension, Vol. 17. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1997; 11769.