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Fracture resistance of pressable glass–ceramic fixed partial dentures


Dr Takashi Nakamura, Division of Oromaxillofacial Regeneration, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1–8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565–0871, Japan. E-mail:


summary The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mechanical strength of the Empress2 system, which is based on the use of a high-strength glass--ceramic core of lithium disilicate, and the fracture resistance of fixed partial dentures fabricated with this material. To evaluate mechanical strength, four types of ceramic materials were tested for four-point flexural strength and diametral tensile strength: Empress2 core material, Empress2 layering porcelain, conventional Empress material and Dicor. Then, using Empress2, conventional Empress and Dicor, actual clinical type anterior fixed partial dentures were fabricated for fracture testing. The results showed that the Empress2 core material, at 329 MPa, has more than twice the flexural strength of conventional materials and at 271 MPa, more than four times the diametral tensile strength of conventional materials. Furthermore, fixed partial dentures fabricated with Empress2 had a fracture resistance of 1424 N. That is, they were more than twice as fracture resistant as fixed partial dentures made with conventional materials.