Dreaming and insomnia: Dream recall and dream content of patients with insomnia
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2002
1998 Blackwell Science Ltd.
Journal of Sleep Research
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 191–198, September 1998
How to Cite
SCHREDL, M., SCHÄFER, G., WEBER, B. and HEUSER, I. (1998), Dreaming and insomnia: Dream recall and dream content of patients with insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research, 7: 191–198. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2869.1998.00113.x
- Issue published online: 5 JAN 2002
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2002
- Cited By
- dream content;
- dream recall;
The present study investigated dream recall frequency and dream content of patients with insomnia in comparison to healthy controls. Patients’ dream recall frequency was elevated, due mainly to their heightened frequency of nocturnal awakenings. Dream content seems to reflect waking life stressors found in these patients, i.e. dream emotions were more negative and dreams were characterized by themes of depression, ‘negatives’ in self-description and health themes. Patients taking antidepressants showed lower dream recall frequency than patients without any medication; benzodiazepine intake, however, did not affect dream recall frequency. Both drug groups reported more positively toned dreams than drug-free patients. It is suggested that future studies should use more dreams per subject in order to reduce error variance of the dream content measures and more detailed measures of waking life stress.