SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aboul Ela, R.G., Morsy, T.A., El-Gozamy, B.M.R. & Ragheb, D.A. (1993) The susceptibility of the Egyptian Phlebotomus papatasi to five insecticides. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 23, 6994.
  • Alencar, J.E. (1961) Profilaxia do calazar no Ceara, Brasil. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 3, 175180.
  • Alexander, J.B. (1987) Dispersal of phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a Colombian coffee plantation. Journal of Medical Entomology, 24, 552558.
  • Alexander, B. (2000) Sampling methods for phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 14, 109122.
  • Alexander, B., Cadena, H., Usma, M.C. & Rojas, C.A. (1995a) Evaluation of a repellent soap containing deet and permethrin against phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 52, 169173.
  • Alexander, B., Jaramillo, C., Cadena, H., Usma, M.C., Roa, W. & Travi, B.L. (1995b) An attempt to control phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) by residual spraying with deltamethrin in a Colombian village. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 90, 421424.
  • Alexander, B., Morales, A.L., Becerra, J. & Rojas, C.A. (1995c) Entomological aspects of a leishmaniasis control project based on community participation in riverine communities of SW Colombia. Boletin de la Direccion de Malariologia y Saneamiento Ambient, 35 (Suppl. 1), 2940.
  • Alexander, B., Usma, M.C., Cadena, H., Quesada, B.L., Solarte, Y., Roa, W. & Travi, B.L. (1995d) Evaluation of deltamethrin-impregnated bednets and curtains against phlebotomine sandflies in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 9, 279283.
  • Amalraj, D.D., Sivagnaname, N. & Srinivasan, R. (1999) Susceptibility of Phlebotomus argentipes and P. papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) to insecticides. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 31, 177180.
  • Artemiev, M.M., Gadzhibekova, E.A. & Bondareva, N.I. (1984) Sensitivity of sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) to DDT in a focus of visceral leishmaniasis in the Azerbaijan SSR. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni, 6, 7274[in Russian].
  • Ashford, R.W. (2001) Phlebotomus fevers. The Encyclopedia of Arthropod-Transmitted Infections (ed. by M. W.Service), pp. 397401. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, U.K.
  • Bansal, S.K. & Singh, K.V. (1996) Susceptibility status of Phlebotomus papatasi and Sergentomyia punjabensis (Diptera: Psychodidae) to some insecticides in district Bikaner (Rajasthan). Journal of Communicable Diseases, 28, 2832.
  • Basak, B. & Tandon, N. (1995) Observations on susceptibility status of Phlebotomus argentipes to DDT in District South 24-Parganas, West Bengal. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 27, 196197.
  • Basimike, M. & Mutinga, M.J. (1995) Effects of permethrin-treated screens on phlebotomine sandflies, with reference to Phlebotomus martini (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 32, 428432.
  • Benzerroug, E.H., Benhabylles, N., Izri, M.A. & Belahcene, E.K. (1992) Les pulverisations intra- et peri-domicilaires de DDT dans la lutte contre la leishmaniose cutanée zoonotique en Algérie. Annales de la Société Belge de Medicine Tropicale, 75, 512.
  • Birtles, R.J. (2001) Carrión's disease. The Encyclopedia of Arthropod-Transmitted Infections (ed. by M. W.Service), pp. 104106. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, U.K.
  • Büttiker, B. (1980) Effect of ground and aerial insecticide application on urban phlebotomine sandfly populations in Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arabia, 2, 427439.
  • Cascio, A., Gradoni, L., Scarlata, F., Gramiccia, M., Giordano, S., Russo, R., Scalone, A., Camma, C. & Titone, L. (1997) Epidemiologic surveillance of visceral leishmaniasis in Sicily, Italy. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 57, 7578.
  • Chandra, G., Bhattacharya, J. & Hati, A.K. (1995) Susceptibility status of Phlebotomus argentipes to DDT, dieldrin and malathion in Hoogly, West Bengal. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 27, 247249.
  • Chaniotis, B.N., Correa, M.A., Tesh, R.B. & Johnson, K.M. (1974) Horizontal and vertical movements of phlebotomine sandflies in Panamanian rain forest. Journal of Medical Entomology, 11, 369375.
  • Chaniotis, B.N., Parsons, R.E., Harlan, H.J. & Correa, M.A. (1982) A pilot study to control phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a neotropical rain forest. Journal of Medical Entomology, 19, 15.
  • Chavasse, D.C., Reed, C. & Attawell, K. (1999) Insecticide-Treated Net Projects: a Handbook for Managers. Malaria Consortium, London.
  • Comer, J.A. & Tesh, R.B. (1991) Phlebotomine sand flies as vectors of vesiculovirus: a review. Parassitologia, 33 (Suppl.), 143150.
  • Corradetti, A. (1954) The control of leishmaniasis through Phlebotomus control in Italy. Rendiconti dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Supplemento, 1), 5767.
  • Curtis, C.F., Lines, J.D., Carnevale, P., Robert, V., Boudin, C., Hana, J.-M., Pazart, L., Gazin, P., Richard, A., Mouchet, J., Charwood, J.D., Graves, P.M., Hossain, M.I., Kurihara, P., Ichimori, T., Li Zuzi, Lu Baolin, Majori, G., Sabatinelli, G., Coluzzi, M., Njunwa, K.J., Wilkes, T.J., Snow, R.W. & Lindsay, S.W. (1990) Impregnated bednets and curtains against malaria mosquitoes. Appropriate Technology for Vector Control (ed. by C.F.Curtis), pp. 546. CRC Press, Florida.
  • Das Gupta, R.K., Saxena, N.B., Joshi, R.D. & Rao, J.S. (1995) DDT resistance in P. papatasi in Bihar. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 27, 124.
  • David, J.R., Stamm, L.M., Bezera, H.S., Souza, R.N., Killick-Kendrick, R. & Oliveira Lima, J.W. (2001) Deltamethrin-impregnated dog-collars have a potent anti-feeding and insecticidal effect on Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia migonei. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 96, 839847.
  • Davies, C.R., Llanos-Cuentas, E.A., Campos, P., Monge, J., Leon, E. & Canales, J. (2000) Spraying houses in the Peruvian Andes with lambdacyhalothrin protects residents against cutaneous leishmaniasis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94, 631636.
  • Davies, C.R., Llanos-Cuentas, E.A., Canales, J., Leon, E., Alvarez, E., Monge, J., Tolentino, E., Gomero, Q., Pyke, S. & Dye, C. (1994) The fall and rise of Andean cutaneous leishmaniasis: transient impact of the DDT campaign in Peru. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 88, 389393.
  • De Barjac, H., Larget, I. & Killick-Kendrick, R. (1981) Toxicite de Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis, serotype H14, pour les larves de phlebotomes, vecteurs de leishmanioses. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 74, 485489.
  • Dees, W.H., Gaber, S., Abdel A'al, F.A. & Hanafi, H.A. (1987) Evaluation of clothing impregnants and skin repellants against medically important arthropods of Northeast Africa. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, November 29-December 3 1987, Boston, MA. Unpublished report.
  • Dergacheva, T.I. & Strelkova, M.V. (1986) Sensitivity of Phlebotomus papatasi, Scopoli, 1786 (Diptera, Phlebotominae) to DDT in the Uzbek SSR. Medicinskaja Parazitologija, 4, 8485[in Russian].
  • Desjeux, P. (1996) Leishmaniasis. Public health aspects and control. Clinics in Dermatology, 14, 417423.
  • Desjeux, P. (2000) Pyrethroid impregnated bed nets: an alternative vector control approach for leishmaniasis. Proceedings of 13th European SOVE Meeting (ed. by S. S.Caglar, et al.), p. 152, Belek, Antalia, Turkey. Society for Vector Ecology, CA, U.S.A.
  • Desjeux, P. (2001) The increase in risk factors of leishmaniasis worldwide. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 95, 239245.
  • Dhanda, V., Shetty, P.S. & Dhiman, R.C. (1983) Studies on phlebotomine sandflies as vectors of kala-azar in Bihar. Proceedings of the Indo-UK Workshop on Leishmaniasis, pp. 128137. Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
  • Dhiman, R.C. & Mittal, P.K. (2000) A note on susceptibility status of Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) populations to insecticides. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 32, 6566.
  • Dhiman, R.C. & Sharma, V.P. (1994) Evaluation of neem oil as sandfly, Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli), repellent in an oriental sore endemic area in Rajasthan. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 25, 608610.
  • Dye, C. (1996) The logic of visceral leishmaniasis control. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Contrology, 55, 125139.
  • Elias, M., Rahman, A.J. & Khan, N.I. (1989) Visceral leishmaniasis and its control in Bangladesh. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 67, 4349.
  • Eliseev, L.N. (1980) Principles and Methods of Control of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Ministry of Health and. WHO Seminar on Control of Leishmaniases, Moscow, USSR, 25 pp.
  • Elnaiem, D.A., Aboud, M.A., El Mubarek, S.G., Hassan, H.K. & Ward, R.D. (1999a) Impact of permethrin-impregnated curtains on Phlebotomus papatasi sandflies indoors at Khartoum, Sudan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 13, 191197.
  • Elnaiem, D.A., Elnahas, A.M. & Aboud, M.A. (1999b) Protective efficacy of lambdacyhalothrin-impregnated bednets against Phlebotomus orientalis, the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Sudan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 13, 310314.
  • El-Sayed, S., Hemingway, J. & Lane, R.P. (1989) Susceptibility baselines for DDT metabolism and related enzyme systems in the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 79, 679684.
  • Esterre, P., Chippaux, J.P., Lefait, J.F. & Dedet, J.P. (1986) Evaluation d'un programme de lutte contre la leishmaniose cutanée dans un village forestier de Guyane francaise. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 64, 559565.
  • Fahmy, A.R., Khater, E.I.M., El Sawaf, B. & Shehata, M. (1996) Insecticide Susceptibility Status of Field Populations of Sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Document WHO/LEISH/96.38, World Health Organization, Geneva.
  • Falcão, A.L., Falcão, A.R., Pinto, C.T., Gontijo, C.M.F. & Falqueto, A. (1991) Effect of deltamethrin spraying on the sandfly populations in a focus of American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 86, 399404.
  • Falcão, A.R., Pinto, C.T. & Ferreira Gontijo, C.M. (1988) Susceptibility of Lutzomyia longipalpis to deltamethrin. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 83, 395396.
  • Faysulin, F. (1980) The Experience of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Control in Hunger (Colodnaya) Steppe, Uzbekistan, USSR. WHO Travelling Seminar on Leishmaniasis Control. Gamaleya Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, AMS, Moscow, USSR.
  • Feliciangeli, M.D., Maroli, M., Wheeler, A., Townson, H., Ward, R. & Maignon, R. (1995) Sandfly control trial with deltamethrin impregnated curtains in El Ingenio, Miranda State, Venezuela. Boletin de la Direccion de Malariologia y Saneamiento Ambiental, 35, 127132.
  • Floch, H. (1957) Sur la prophylaxie de la leishmaniose forestière americaine. Rivista di Malariologia, 36, 243253.
  • Fossati, F.P. & Maroli, M. (1985) Laboratory tests of three repellents against Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera: Psychodidae). Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 80, 771773.
  • Fryauff, D.J., Shoukry, M.A., Hanafi, H.A., Choi, Y.M., Kamel, K.E. & Schreck, C.E. (1996) Contact toxicity of permethrin-impregnated military uniforms to Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) and Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae): effects of laundering and time of exposure. Journal of the American Mosquito Contrological Association, 12, 8490.
  • Ghosh, S.M. (1950) On the control of Phlebotomus (sandflies) with DDT and BHC (Gammexane). Indian Journal of Malariology, 4, 175184.
  • Gradoni, L., Pizzuti, R., Di Martino, L., Gramiccia, M., Pempinello, R., Gaeta, G.B., Ferrara, M., Scotti, S. & Altieri, S. (1993) The epidemiology and surveillance of visceral leishmaniasis in the Campania region of Italy. The value of zymodeme typing. Epidemiology and Infection, 111, 297306.
  • Guan, L.R. (1991) Current status of kala-azar and vector control in China. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 69, 595601.
  • Gupta, P.C. (1975) Return of kala-azar. Journal of the Indian Medical Association, 65, 8990.
  • Halbig, P., Hodjati, M.H., Mazloumi-Gavgani, A.S., Mohite, H. & Davies, C.R. (2000) Further evidence that deltamethrin-impregnated collars protect domestic dogs from sandfly bites. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 14, 223226.
  • Hassan, Z.A., Farghali, E. & Gad, A.M. (1970) Susceptibility of the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi to insecticides in Egypt. Research Institute of Medical Entomology, Dokki, Cairo.
  • Hati, A.K. (1983) Current status of leishmaniasis – vector biology. Proceedings of the Indo-UK Workshop on Leishmaniasis, December 6–10, 1982 (ed. by R. C.Mahajan), pp. 8491. Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.
  • Hertig, M. (1949) Phlebotomus and residual DDT in Greece and Italy. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 29, 773809.
  • Hertig, M. & Fairchild, G.B. (1948) The control of Phlebotomus in Peru with DDT. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 28, 207230.
  • Hertig, M. & Fisher, L.R. (1945) Control of sandflies with DDT. Bulletin of the US Army Medical Department, 88, 97.
  • Jacobson, R.L. & Schlein, Y. (1999) Lectins and toxins in the plant diet of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) can kill Leishmania major promastigotes in the sandfly and in culture. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 93, 351356.
  • Jacusiel, F. (1947) Sandfly control with DDT residual spray. Field experiments in Palestine. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 38, 479488.
  • Jia, J.X., Guan, L.R., Xu, Y.X., Wang, G. & & Hao, K.F. (1990) Studies on the efficacy of five repellents against Phlebotomus alexandri. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi, 8, 203206.
  • Jin, C., Xiong, G., Hong, Y. & & Su, Z. (1994) Studies on the effect of deltamethrin bath treatment of hamsters infected with Leishmania donovani for interrupting kala-azar transmission. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi, 12, 300302.
  • Joshi, G.C., Kaul, S.M. & Wattal, B.L. (1979) Susceptibility of sandflies to organochlorine insecticides in Bihar (India) -further reports. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 11, 209213.
  • Joshi, G.C. & Rai, R.N. (1994) Impact of DDT spraying on populations of P. argentipes and P. papatasi in Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 26, 5658.
  • Karapet'ian, A.B., Dzhabarov, L.N., Mamigonova, R.I. & Sabatov, E.A. (1983) Use of D-20 aerosol insecticide smoke pots in controlling burrow sandflies. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya Parazitarnye Bolezni, 4, 7881.
  • Kassem, H.A., Tewfick, M.K. & El Sawaf, B.M. (2001) Evaluation of avermectins as sandfly control agents. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 95, 405411.
  • Kaul, S.M., Sharma, R.S. & Borgohain, B.K. (1994a) DDT resistance in Sergentomyia shorttii (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Kamrup, Assum – first report in Sergentomyia genus. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 26, 100102.
  • Kaul, S.M., Sharma, R.S., Dey, K.P., Rai, R.N. & Verghese, T. (1994c) Impact of DDT indoor residual spraying on Phlebotomus argentipes in a kala-azar endemic village in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 72, 7982.
  • Kaul, S.M., Wattal, B.L., Bhatnagar, V.N. & Mathur, K.K. (1978) Preliminary observations on the susceptibility status of Phlebotomus argentipes and P. papatasi to DDT in two districts of north Bihar (India). Journal of Communicable Diseases, 10, 209213.
  • Kelly, D.W., Mustafa, Z. & Dye, C. (1997) Differential application of lambdacyhalothrin to control the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 11, 1324.
  • Killick-Kendrick, R., Killick-Kendrick, M., Focheux, C., Dereure, J., Puech, M.-P. & Cadiergues, M.C. (1997) Protection of dogs from bites of phlebotomine sandflies by deltamethrin collars for control of canine leishmaniasis. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 11, 105111.
  • Kroeger, A., Avila, E.V. & Morison, L. (2002) Insecticide impregnated curtains to control domestic transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Venezuela: cluster randomised trial. British Medical Journal, 325, 810813.
  • Kumar, K., Singh, K., Das, R.K., Rahman, S.J. & Sharma, S.K. (1995) Laboratory and Field Observations on the Effectiveness of DDT for the Control of the Vector Sandfly Phlebotomus Argentipes in the kala azar endemic state of Bihar. Document WHO/LEISH/95.36, World Health Organization, Geneva.
  • Lane, R.P. (1991) The contribution of sandfly control to leishmaniasis control. Annales de la Société Belge de Medicine Tropicale, 71, 6574.
  • Lavagnino, A. & Ansaldi, G. (1991) Susceptibility tests on Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus perfiliewi wild populations in Sicily. Parassitologia, 33 (Suppl. 1), 349351.
  • Le Pont, F., Padilla, J.M., Desjeux, P., Richard, A. & Mouchet, J. (1989) Impact de pulverisations de deltamethrine dans un foyer de leishmaniose de Bolivie. Annales de la Société Belge de Medicine Tropicale, 69, 223232.
  • Lengeler, C., Cattani, J. & De Savigny, D. (1996) Net Gain – a New Method for Preventing Malaria Deaths. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa and World Heath Organization, Geneva.
  • Lucientes, J. (1999) Laboratory observations on the protection of dogs from the bites of Phlebotomus perniciousus with Scalibor® ProtectorBands: preliminary results. Canine Leishmaniasis: an Update (ed. by R.Killick-Kendrick), pp. 9294. Hoechst Roussel Vet, Wiesbaden.
  • Luitgards-Moura, J.F., Castellon Bermudez, E.G., Imbiriba da Tsouris, A.F. & Rosa-Freitas, M.G. (2002) Preliminary assays indicate that Antonia ovata (Loganiaceae) and Derris amazonica (Papilionaceae), two plants used for fishing in Roraima, Brazil, have an insecticide effect on Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Phlebtominae). Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 97, 737742.
  • Magalhães, P.A., Mayrink, W., Da Costa, C.A., Melo, M.N., Dias, M., Batista, S.M., Michalick, M.S.M. & Williams, P. (1980) Calazar na zona do Rio Doce – Minas Gerais. Resultados de medidas profilacticas. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 22, 197202.
  • Majori, G. & Maroli, M. (1983) Potere patogeno di Bacillus thuringiesis serot. H-14 su larve di Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera: Psychodidae). Atti del XII Congresso Nazionale della Società Italiana di Parassitologia, Como. Parassitologia, 25, 290293.
  • Majori, G., Maroli, M., Sabatinelli, G. & Fausto, A.M. (1989) Efficacy of permethrin-impregnated curtains against endophilic phlebotomine sandflies in Burkina Faso. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 3, 441444.
  • Marcondes, C.B. & Nascimento, J.A. (1993) Avaliação da eficiencia de deltametrina (K-Othrine CE) no controle de Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae), no municipio de Santa Rita, Paraiba, Brasil. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 26, 1518.
  • Maroli, M., Cianchi, T., Bianchi, R. & Khoury, C. (2002a) Testing insecticide susceptibility of Phlebotomus perniciosus and P. papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Italy. Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 38, 419423.
  • Maroli, M. & Lane, R.P. (1989) The effect of permethrin impregnated nets on Phlebotomus (Diptera: Psychodidae) in central Italy. Leishmaniasis – the Current Status and New Strategies for Control, pp. 217223. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Maroli, M. & Majori, G. (1991) Permethrin-impregnated curtains against phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae): laboratory and field studies. Parassitologia, 33, 399404.
  • Maroli, M., Mizzoni, V., Baldi, L., Oliva, G. & Gradoni, L. (2002b) The control of canine leishmaniasis with Scalibor® Protector Bands in southern Italy: pilot field studies. In: Proceedings of the Second International Canine Leishmaniasis Forum, Seville, Spain. Intervet International by Boxmeer, The Netherlands, pp. 8186.
  • Maroli, M., Mizzoni, V., Siragusa, C., D'Orazi, A. & Gradoni, L. (2001) Evidence for an impact on the incidence of canine leishmaniasis by the mass use of deltamethrin-impregnated dog-collars in southern Italy. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 15, 358363.
  • Mauricio, I.L., Stothard, J.R. & Miles, M.A. (2000) The strange case of Leishmania chagasi. Parasitology Today, 16, 188189.
  • Mazloumi-Gavgani, A.S., Hodjati, M.H., Mohite, H. & Davies, C.R. (2002) Effect of insecticide-impregnated dog-collars on incidence of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in Iranian children: a matched cluster randomised trial. Lancet, 360, 374379.
  • Mazzari, M.B., Feliciangeli, M.D., Maroli, M., Hernandez, A. & Bravo, A. (1997) Susceptibility of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) to selected insecticides in an endemic focus of visceral leishmaniasis in Venezuela. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 13, 335341.
  • Monteiro, P.S., Lacerda, M.M. & Arias, J.R. (1994) Controle da leishmaniose visceral no Brasil. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 27, 6772.
  • Morsy, T.A., Aboul Ela, R.G., El Gozamy, B.M.R., Salama, M.M.M. & Ragheb, D.A. (1993) Residual effect of four insecticides applied for indoor control of Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 23, 485492.
  • Morton, I.E. & Ward, R.D. (1990) Response of female sandflies (Lutzomyia longipalpis) to pheromone-baited sticky traps in the laboratory. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 84, 4951.
  • Mukhopadhyay, A.K., Hati, A.K., Chakravarty, S. & Saxena, N.B. (1996) Effect of DDT on Phlebotomus sandflies in kala-azar endemic foci in West Bengal. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 28, 171175.
  • Mukhopadhyay, A.K., Saxena, N.B. & Narasimham, M.V. (1990) Susceptibility status of Phlebotomus argentipes to DDT in some kala-azar endemic areas of Bihar (India). Indian Journal of Medical Research, 91, 458460.
  • Mukhopadhyay, A.K., Saxena, N.B. & Narasimham, M.V. (1992) Susceptibility of Phebotomus argentipes to DDT in some Kala-azar endemic districts of Bihar, India. Document WHO/LEISH/92.31, World Health Organization, Geneva.
  • Mutinga, M.J., Basimike, M., Mutero, C.M. & Ngindu, A.M. (1992) The use of permethrin- impregnated wall cloth (MBU cloth) for control of vectors of malaria and leishmaniases in Kenya – II. Effect on phlebotomine sandfly populations. Insect Science Applications, 13, 163172.
  • Mutinga, M.J., Renapurkar, D.M., Wachira, D.W., Basimike, M. & Mutero, C.M. (1993) A biosassay to evaluate the efficacy of permethrin-impregnated screens used against phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Baringo district of Kenya. East African Medical Journal, 70, 168170.
  • Nadim, A. & Amini, H. (1970) The effect of antimalarial spraying on the transmission of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. Tropical and Geographical Medicine, 22, 479481.
  • Nadzharov, A.J. (1955) Comparison of sanitation measures in a focus of urban cutaneous leishmaniasis. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni, 24, 53.
  • Nery-Guimaraes, F. & Bustamante, F.M. (1954) Aplicação domicilaria de DDT como base da profilaxia das leishmanioses – Estudo de um foco de leishmaniose mucocutanea cinco anos depois da aspersão periodica com aquele inseticida. Revista Brasileira de Malariologia e Doenças Tropicais, 6, 127130.
  • Oliveira Filho, A.M. (1994) American visceral leishmaniasis – a critical appraisal of control strategies. Proceedings of the First International Congress of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 24–27 August, 1994, pp. 133138, Malaysian Society of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine.
  • Oliveira Filho, A.M. & Melo, M.T.V. (1994) The chemical control of vectors of leishmaniasis. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 89, 461462.
  • Pandya, A.P. (1983) Impact of antimalaria house-spraying on phlebotomid population in Surat District, Gujarat. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 78, 354360.
  • Pener, H. & Wilamovsky, A. (1987) Base-line susceptibility of Phlebotomus papatasi to insecticides. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 1, 147149.
  • Perfil’ev, P.P. (1966) Fauma of U.S.S.R. Diptera. Vol 3, no 2, Phlebotomidae (sandflies). Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Zoological Institute, new series no. 93, 382 pp. English translation: Israel program for Scientific translations, Jerusalem 1968.
  • Perich, M.J., Hoch, A.L., Rizzo, N. & Rowton, E.D. (1995) Insecticide barrier spraying for the control of sandfly vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in rural Guatemala. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 52, 485488.
  • Perich, M.J. et al.(2003) Cyfluthrin barrier spraying for control of sandfly vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in rural Brazil. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 17, in press.
  • Quesada, B.L. & Montoya-Lerma, J. (1994) Laboratory evaluation of chlorfluazuron against larval phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 87, 11291132.
  • Rahman, S.J., Wattal, B.L., Mathur, K.K., Joshi, G.C. & Kumar, K. (1982) Susceptibility of laboratory reared strain of Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) to organochlorine insecticides. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 14, 122124.
  • Rashti, M.A., Panah, H.Y., Mohamadi, H.S. & Jedori, M. (1992) Susceptibility of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) to DDT in some foci of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 8, 99100.
  • Ready, P.D., Arias, J.R. & Freitas, R.A. (1985) A pilot study to control Lutzomyia umbratilis (Diptera: Psychodidae), the major vector of Leishmania braziliensis guyanensis, in a peri-urban rainforest of Manaus, Amazonas State, Brazil. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 80, 2736.
  • Refaat, G.A.E., Morsy, T.A., El-Gozamy, B.M.R. & Ragheb, D.A. (1993) The susceptibility of the egyptian Phlebotomus papatasi to five insecticides. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 23, 6994.
  • Reithinger, R., Davies, C.R., Cadena, H. & Alexander, B. (1997) Evaluation of the fungus Beauveria bassiana as a potential biological control agent against phlebotomine sandflies in Colombian coffee plantations. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 70, 131135.
  • Reithinger, R., Teodoro, U. & Davies, C.R. (2001) Topical insecticide treatments to protect dogs from sandfly vectors of leishmaniasis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 7, 872847.
  • Robert, L.L. & Perich, M.J. (1995) Phlebotomine sandfly (Diptera: Psychodidae) control using a residual pyrethroid insecticide. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 11, 195199.
  • Robert, L.L., Perich, M.J. & Jacobson, R.L. (1998) Bacillus sphaericus inhibits hatching of phlebotomine sandfly eggs. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 14, 351352.
  • Robert, L.L., Perich, M.J., Schlein, Y., Jacobson, R.L., Wirtz, R.A., Lawyer, P.G. & Githure, J.I. (1997) Phlebotomine sandfly control using bait-fed adults to carry the larvicide Bacillus sphaericus to the larval habitat. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 13, 140144.
  • Sabin, A.B. (1951) Experimental studies on phlebotomus (pappataci, sandfly) fever during World War II. Archiv fur Gesamte Virusforschung, Bd IV, Heft, 4, 367410.
  • Saf'janova, V.M. (1963) The results of a field trial of the effect of some repellents on sandflies (Phlebotominae). Zoologichesky Zhurnal, 42, 461462[in Russian].
  • Saf'janova, V.M. (1971) Leishmaniasis control. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 44, 561566.
  • Schlein, Y. & Jacobson, R.L. (1994) Mortality of Leishmaniamajor in Phlebotomus papatasi caused by plant feeding of the sand-flies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 50, 2027.
  • Schlein, Y., Jacobson, R.L. & Muller, G.C. (2001) Sandfly feeding on noxious plants: a potential method for the control of leishmaniasis. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 65, 300303.
  • Schmidt, M.L. & Schmidt, J.R. (1969a) Relative effectiveness of chemical repellents against Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli). Journal of Medical Entomology, 6, 7980.
  • Schmidt, M.L. & Schmidt, J.R. (1969b) Insecticide susceptibilities of Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) from Egypt and the Sudan. Journal of Medical Entomology, 6, 8790.
  • Schreck, C.E., Kline, D.L., Chaniotis, B.N., Wilkinson, N., McGovern, T.P. & Weidhaas, D.E. (1982) Evaluation of personal protection methods against phlebotomine sandflies including vectors of leishmaniasis in Panama. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 31, 10461053.
  • Scorza, J.V. & Marquez, M. (1989) Control de Lutzomyia youngi en el área endémica venezolana de leishmaniasis tegumentaria. Boletin de la Direccion de Malariologia y Saneamiento Ambiental, 34, 3541.
  • Scorza, J.V., Rosario, C.L., Scorza, D., , J.V. & Rojas, , E. (1995) Susceptibilidad de hembras silvestres de Lutzomyia youngi de Trujillo, Venezuela, a insecticidas sinteticos. Boletin de la Direccion de Malariologia y Saneameinto Ambiental, 35 (Suplemento 1), 311326.
  • Seyedi Rashti, , M.A. & Nadim, , A. (1975) Re-establishment of cutaneous leishmaniasis after cessation of anti-malaria spraying. Tropical and Geographical Medicine, 27, 7982.
  • Seyedi Rashti, M.A. Yezdan Panah, H. Shah Mohamadi, , H. & Jedari, , M. (1992) Susceptibility of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) to DDT in some foci of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 8, 99100.
  • Sharma, , V.P. & Dhiman, , R.C. (1993) Neem oil as a sandfly repellent. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 9, 364366.
  • Singh, , K.V. & Bansal, , S.K. (1996) Insecticide susceptibility of Phlebotomus papatasi to organochlorine, organophosphate and carbamate compounds in some arid areas of western Rajastan. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 103, 9193.
  • Srinivasan, , R. & Kalyanasundaram, , M. (2001) Relative efficacy of DEPA and neem oil for repellent activity against Phlebotomus papatasi, the vector of leishmaniasis. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 33, 180184.
  • Tayeh, A. Jalouk, , L. & Al-Khaimi, , A. (1997) A Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Control Trial Using Pyrethroid-Impregnated Bednets in Villages Near Aleppo, Syria. Document WHO/LEISH/97.41. World Health Organization, Geneva. 23 pp.
  • Tesh, , R.B. (1988) The genus Phlebovirus and its vectors. Annual Review of Entomology, 33, 169181.
  • Tesh, , R.B. & Papaevangelou, , G. (1977) Effect of insecticide spraying for malaria control on the incidence of sandfly fever in Athens, Greece. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 26, 163166.
  • Tetreault, G.E. Zayed, A.E. Hanafi, H.A. Beavers, , G.M. & Zeichner, , B.C. (2001) Susceptibility of sandflies to selected insecticides in North Africa and the Middle East. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 17, 2327.
  • Thakur, , C.P. & Kumar, , K. (1992) Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis: a neglected aspect of kala-azar control programmes. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 86, 355359.
  • Thapar, B., Joshi, R., Rao, , J. & Saxena, , N. (1993) Susceptibility status of Phlebotomus papatasi to chlorinated hydrocarbons in Panchahal District of Gujarat State (India). Journal of Communicable Diseases, 25, 212213.
  • Turner, E.R., LaBrecque, , G.C. & Hoogstraal, , H. (1965) Leishmaniasis in the Sudan Republic. 24. Effectiveness of insecticides as residues and fogs for control of Phlebotomus langeroni orientalis Parrot (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, 40, 5964.
  • Vioukov, , V.N. (1987) Control of transmission. The Leishmaniases in Biology and Medicine, Vol. 2. (ed. by W.Peters & R.Killick-Kendrick), pp. 909928. Academic Press, London.
  • Warburg, , A. (1991) Entomopathogens of phlebotomine sandflies: laboratory experiments and natural infections. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 58, 189202.
  • Wells, D., Grayson, , B.T. & Langer, , E. (1986) Vapour pressure of permethrin. Pesticide Science, 17, 473477.
  • WHO (1990) Control of the Leishmaniases. Technical Report Series, 793, 1–158. World Health Organization, Geneva.
  • WHO (2001) Action Plan for the Reduction of Reliance on DDT in Disease Vector Control. Document WHO/SDE/WSH/01.5. World Health Organization, Geneva. 41 pp.
  • Wijers, D.J. & Kiilu, G. (1984) Studies on the vector of kala-azar in Kenya, VIII. The outbreak in Machakos District: epidemiological features and a possible way of control. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 78, 597604.
  • Xiong, G., Jin, C., Hong, Y., Su, Z., Xue, P., Xie, W., Zhang, A., Li, G. & Gao, B. (1995) Studies on the deltamethrin-medicated bath of domestic dogs for interrupting visceral leishmaniasis transmission. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi, 13, 178181.
  • Yuval, B. & Warburg, A. (1989) Susceptibility of adult phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 83, 195196.
  • Zaim, M., Aitio, A. & Nakashima, N. (2000) Safety of pyrethroid-treated mosquito nets. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 14, 15.
  • Zhogolev, D.T. & Kachanova, A.P. (1968) On sensitivity of sandflies to chlorophose. Meditisinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni, 37, 5355[in Russian].