Get access

Partial nucleotide sequences, and routine typing by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism, of the brown trout (Salmo trutta) lactate dehydrogenase, LDH-C1*90 and *100 alleles

Authors

  • O. M. McMeel,

    1. School of Biology and Biochemistry, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
    Search for more papers by this author
    • *

      Present address: National Diagnostics Centre, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland.

  • E. M. Hoey,

    1. School of Biology and Biochemistry, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
    Search for more papers by this author
  • A. Ferguson

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Biology and Biochemistry, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
      , A. Ferguson. Fax: 028 90236505; E-mail:a.ferguson@qub.ac.uk
    Search for more papers by this author

, A. Ferguson. Fax: 028 90236505; E-mail:a.ferguson@qub.ac.uk

Abstract

The cDNA nucleotide sequences of the lactate dehydrogenase alleles LDH-C1*90 and *100 of brown trout (Salmo trutta) were found to differ at position 308 where an A is present in the *100 allele but a G is present in the *90 allele. This base substitution results in an amino acid change from aspartic acid at position 82 in the LDH-C1 100 allozyme to a glycine in the 90 allozyme. Since aspartic acid has a net negative charge whilst glycine is uncharged, this is consistent with the electrophoretic observation that the LDH-C1 100 allozyme has a more anodal mobility relative to the LDH-C1 90 allozyme. Based on alignment of the cDNA sequence with the mouse genomic sequence, a local primer set was designed, incorporating the variable position, and was found to give very good amplification with brown trout genomic DNA. Sequencing of this fragment confirmed the difference in both homozygous and heterozygous individuals. Digestion of the polymerase chain reaction products with BslI, a restriction enzyme specific for the site difference, gave one, two and three fragments for the two homozygotes and the heterozygote, respectively, following electrophoretic separation. This provides a DNA-based means of routine screening of the highly informative LDH-C1* polymorphism in brown trout population genetic studies. Primer sets presented could be used to sequence cDNA of other LDH* genes of brown trout and other species.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary