A comparison of nuclear and mitochondrial cline shapes in a hybrid zone in the Sceloporus grammicus complex (Squamata; Phrynosomatidae)

Authors


J. C. Marshall. Fax: (801) 378 7423; E-mail:jcm53@email.byu.edu

Abstract

The F5 and FM2 chromosome races of the Sceloporus grammicus complex form a hybrid zone in the Mexican state of Hidalgo. Previous studies of this zone have assessed genetic structure by averaging estimates of shape and width across three diagnostic chromosome markers. This approach is likely to mask subtle differences in cline shape among loci (e.g. selected vs. neutral), and obscure any displacement of cline centres (if present). Here we use maximum likelihood methods to construct the best fitting individual clines for three chromosomal markers, and also add two new markers; the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) locus, and the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) repeat. For each locus, hybrid zone models were fitted by cline shape and width, and the position and number of segments describing the centre of the zone. Pairwise comparisons between all clines revealed concordance between chromosomes 2 and 6, but significant discordance in cline structure among all other paired combinations. The concordance of chromosomes 2 and 6 suggests that these clines are maintained by genome-wide forces. The discordance of the chromosome 1 cline suggests an influence of asymmetric introgression, while the mtDNA cline is probably influenced by selection and drift. The rDNA locus reveals a pattern best explained by either extreme asymmetric introgression or gene conversion. The structure of zone indicates that genome-wide processes and locus specific selective forces as well as drift, are operating to different degrees on different loci. The locus-by-locus approach used here permits a finer discrimination among possible mechanisms responsible for the maintenance of the individual clines.

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