Maternal inheritance of a chloroplast microsatellite marker in controlled hybrids between Fraxinus excelsior and Fraxinus angustifolia

Authors

  • M. E. Morand-Prieur,

    1. Laboratoire d’ Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UPRESA CNRS 8079, ENGREF, Bâtiment 362, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
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  • F. Vedel,

    1. Laboratoire d’ Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UPRESA CNRS 8079, ENGREF, Bâtiment 362, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
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  • C. Raquin,

    1. Laboratoire d’ Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UPRESA CNRS 8079, ENGREF, Bâtiment 362, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
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  • S. Brachet,

    1. Laboratoire d’ Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UPRESA CNRS 8079, ENGREF, Bâtiment 362, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
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  • D. Sihachakr,

    1. Laboratoire d’ Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UPRESA CNRS 8079, ENGREF, Bâtiment 362, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
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  • N. Frascaria-Lacoste

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire d’ Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, UPRESA CNRS 8079, ENGREF, Bâtiment 362, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
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Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste. Fax: 33 01 69 15 73 53; E-mail: nathalie.frascaria@ese.u-psud.fr

Abstract

Restriction fragment length polymorphism, polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism and simple sequence repeat (SSR or microsatellites) analyses were performed to detect chloroplast DNA polymorphisms between two ash species, Fraxinus excelsior and F.angustifolia. Only one SSR locus was found to be polymorphic, confirming the very close relatedness of these species. Inheritance of this marker was studied in hybrids obtained from controlled crosses between the two tree species. Results indicated, for the first time in Oleaceae, that chloroplasts are maternally inherited. This chloroplast SSR marker is now used concomitantly with nuclear markers to analyse ash populations in sympatric areas.

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