SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Multiple tandem copies of an immunogenic epitope comprising amino acids 8–23 of glycoprotein D of herpes simplex virus (HSV) were expressed as C-terminal fusions to tetanus toxin fragment C (TetC) in different Salmonella typhimurium live vaccine strains. Expression of the longer fusions was best in strains harbouring a lesion in htrA, a stress protein gene. SL3261, an aroA strain, did not effectively express the longer fusions. Mice immunised with an S. typhimurium C5 htrA mutant expressing fusions with two or four copies of the peptide made an antibody response to both the peptide and TetC, whereas constructs expressing one copy of the peptide only elicited antibody to TetC. A non-immunogenic octameric fusion underwent rearrangements in vivo resulting in a predominantly monomeric fusion. In contrast, the S. typhimurium SL3261 aroA vaccine expressing the TetC-tetrameric fusion did not elicit antibody to the peptide. Sera from mice immunised with a single dose of the dimer and tetramer fusions in the htrA strain neutralised HSV in vitro, and the mice were protected from HSV infection as measured by a reduction in virus load in the ear pinna. We have previously shown that mice vaccinated with salmonella expressing TetC are protected against tetanus toxin and virulent salmonella challenge. These results suggest that it may be possible to develop a multivalent vaccine against salmonellosis, tetanus and HSV.