SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Baker, R.F. & Yanofsky, C.F. (1968) The periodicity of RNA polymerase initiations: a new regulatory feature of transcription. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 60: 313320.
  • 2
    Claros, M.G. & Von Heijne, G. (1995) TopPredII: an improved software for membrane protein structure predictions. CABIOS 10: 685696.
  • 3
    Colmer, J.A., Fralick, J.A., Hamood, A.N. (1998) Isolation and characterization of a putative multidrug resistance pump from Vibrio cholerae. Mol Microbiol 27: 6372.
  • 4
    Delahay, R.M., Robertson, B.D., Balthazar, J.T., Shafer, W.M., Ison, C.A. (1997) Involvement of the gonococcal MtrE protein in the resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to toxic hydrophobic agents. Microbiology 143: 21272133.
  • 5
    Dinh, T., Paulsen, I.T., Saier, M.H. (1994). A family of extracytoplasmic proteins that allow transport of large molecules across the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria. J Bacteriol 176: 38253831.
  • 6
    Fralick, J.E. (1996) Evidence that TolC is required for functioning of the Mar/AcrAB efflux pump of Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol 178: 58035805.
  • 7
    Guymon, L.F. & Sparling, P.F. (1975) Altered crystal violet permeability and lytic behavior in antibiotic-resistant and -sensitive strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. J Bacteriol 124: 757763.
  • 8
    Hagman, K.E. & Shafer, W.M. (1995) Transcriptional control of the mtr efflux system of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. J Bacteriol 177: 41624165.
  • 9
    Hagman, K.E., Pan, W., Spratt, B.G., Balthazar, J.T., Judd, R.C., Shafer, W.M. (1995) Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to antimicrobial hydrophobic agents is modulated by the mtrRCDE efflux system. Microbiology 141: 611622.
  • 10
    Hagman, K.E., Lucas, C.E., Balthazar, J.T., Snyder, L., Nilles, M., Judd, R.C., et al (1997) The MtrD protein of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a member of the resistance/nodulation/division protein family constituting part of an efflux system. Microbiology 143: 21172125.
  • 11
    Lomovskaya, O. & Lewis, K. (1992) Emr, an Escherichia coli locus for multidrug resistance. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 89383942.
  • 12
    Lucas, C.E., Hagman, K.E., Levin, J.C., Stein, D.C., Shafer, W.M. (1995) Importance of lipooligosaccharide structure in determining gonococcal resistance to hydrophobic antimicrobial agents resulting from the mtr efflux system. Mol Microbiol 16: 10011009.
  • 13
    Lucas, C.E., Balthazar, J.T., Hagman, K.E., Shafer, W.M. (1997) The MtrR repressor binds the DNA sequence between the mtrR and mtrC genes of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. J Bacteriol 179: 41234128.
  • 14
    McAllister, C.F. & Stephens, D.S. (1993) Analysis in Neisseria meningitidis and other Neisseria species of genes homologous to the FKBP immunophilin family. Mol Microbiol 10: 1324.
  • 15
    McFarland, L., Mietzner, T., Knapp, J.S., Sandstrom, E., Homes, K.K., Morse, S.A. (1983) Gonococcal susceptibility to fecal lipids can be mediated by an mtr-independent mechanism. J Clin Microbiol 18: 121127.
  • 16
    Ma, D., Cook, D.N., Hearst, J.E., Nikaido, H. (1994) Efflux pumps and drug resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. Trends Microbiol 2: 489493.
  • 17
    Ma, D., Cook, D.N., Alberti, M., Pon, N.G., Nikaido, H., Hearst, J.E. (1995) Genes acrA and acrB encode a stress-induced efflux system of Escherichia coli. Mol Microbiol 16: 4555.
  • 18
    Ménard, R., Sansonetti, P.J., Parsot, C. (1993) Nonpolar mutagenesis of the ipa genes defines IpaB, IpaC and IpaD as effectors of Shigella flexneri entry into epithelial cells. J Bacteriol 175: 58995906.
  • 19
    Morse, S.A., Lysko, P.G., McFarland, L., Knapp, J.S., Sandstrom, E., Critchlow, C., et al (1982) Gonococcal strains from homosexual men have outer membranes with reduced permeability to hydrophobic molecules. Infect Immun 37: 432438.
  • 20
    Nikaido, H. (1996) Multidrug efflux pumps of Gram-negative bacteria. J Bacteriol 178: 58535859.
  • 21
    Pan, W. & Spratt, B.G. (1994) Regulation of the permeability of the gonococcal cell envelope by the mtr system. Mol Microbiol 11: 769775.
  • 22
    Paulsen, I.T., Skurry, R.A., Tam, R., Saier, Jr, M.H., Turner, R.J., Weiner, J.H., et al (1996 a) The SMR family: a novel family of multidrug efflux proteins involved in efflux of lipophilic drugs. Mol Microbiol 19: 11671175.
  • 23
    Paulsen, I.T., Brown, M.H., Skurry, R.A. (1996 b) Proton-dependent multidrug efflux systems. Microbiol Rev 60: 575608.
  • 24
    Prentki, P. & Krisch, H.M. (1984) In vitro mutagenesis with a selectable DNA fragment. Gene 29: 303313.
  • 25
    Saier, Jr, M.H., Tam, R., Reizer, A., Reizer, J. (1994) Two novel families of bacterial membrane proteins concerned with nodulation, cell division and transport. Mol Microbiol 11: 841847.
  • 26
    Shafer, W.M., Guymon, L.F., Lind, I., Sparling, P.F. (1984) Identification of an envelope mutation (env-10) resulting in increased antibiotic susceptibility and pyocin resistance in a clinical isolate of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 25: 767769.
  • 27
    Shafer, W.M., Balthazar, J.T., Hagman, K.E., Morse, S.A. (1995) Missense mutations that alter the DNA-binding domain of the MtrR protein occur frequently in rectal isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that are resistant to faecal liquids. Microbiology 141: 907911.
  • 28
    Shafer, W.M., Qu, X.-D., Waring, A.J., Lehrer, R.I. (1998) Modulation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae susceptibility to vertebrate antibacterial peptides due to a member of the resistance/nodulation/division efflux pump family. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 95: 18291833.
  • 29
    Veal, W.L., Yellen, A., Balthazar, J.T., Pan, W., Spratt, B.G., Shafer, W.M. (1998) Loss-of-function mutations in the mtr efflux system of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Microbiology 144: 621627.
  • 30
    Wang, A.M., Doyle, M.V., Mark, D.F. (1989). Quantitation of mRNA by the polymerase chain reaction. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86: 97179721.