• 1
    Alam, M. & Oesterhelt, D. (1984) Morphology, function and isolation of halobacterial flagella. J Mol Biol 176: 459475.
  • 2
    Bayley, D.P. & Jarrell, K.F. (1998) Further evidence to suggest that archaeal flagella are related to bacterial type IV pili. J Mol Evol 46: 370373.
  • 3
    Bayley, D.P., Kalmokoff, M.L., Jarrell, K.F. (1993) Effect of bacitracin on flagellar assembly and presumed glycosylation of the flagellins of Methanococcus deltae. Arch Microbiol 160: 179185.
  • 4
    Bayley, D.P., Florian, V., Klein, A., Jarrell, K.F. (1998) Flagellin genes of Methanococcus vannielii: amplification by the polymerase chain reaction, demonstration of signal peptides and identification of major components of the flagellar filament. Mol Gen Genet 258: 639645.
  • 5
    Bult, C.J., White, O., Olsen, G.J., Zhou, L., Fleischmann, R.D., Sutton, G.G., et al (1996) Complete genome sequence of the methanogenic archaeon, Methanococcus jannaschii. Science 273: 10581073.
  • 6
    Calladine, C.R. (1978) Change of waveform in bacterial flagella. J Mol Biol 118: 457479.
  • 7
    Charlebois, R.L., Lam, W.L., Cline, S.W., Doolitle, W.F. (1987) Characterization of pHV2 from Halobacterium volcanii and its use in demonstrating transformation of an archaebacterium. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 84: 85308534.
  • 8
    Cline, S.W. & Doolittle, W.F. (1987) Efficient transfection of the archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium. J Bacteriol 169: 13411344.
  • 9
    Cline, S.W., Lam, W.L., Charlebois, R.L., Schalkwyk, L.C., Doolitle, W.F. (1989) Transformation methods for halophilic archaebacteria. Can J Microbiol 35: 148152.
  • 10
    Cruden, D., Sparling, R., Markovetz, A.J. (1989) Isolation and ultrastructure of the flagella of Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus and Methanospirillum hungatei. Appl Environ Microbiol 55: 14141419.
  • 11
    Faguy, D.M., Jarrell, K.F., Kuzio, J., Kalmokoff, M.L. (1994) Molecular analysis of archaeal flagellins: similarity to the type IV pilin-transport superfamily widespread in bacteria. Can J Microbiol 40: 6771.
  • 12
    Fedorov, O.V., Pyatibratov, M.G., Kostyukova, A.S., Osina, N.K., Tarasov, V.Y. (1994) Protofilament as a structural element of flagella of haloalkalophilic archaebacteria. Can J Microbiol 40: 4553.
  • 13
    Gerl, L. & Sumper, M. (1988) Halobacterial flagellins are encoded by a multigene family. Identification of five flagellin genes. J Biol Chem 263: 1324613251.
  • 14
    Gerl, L., Deutzmann, R., Sumper, M. (1989) Halobacterial flagellins are encoded by a multigene family. Identification of all five gene products. FEBS Lett 244: 137140.
  • 15
    Goda, S.K. & Minton, N.P. (1995) A simple procedure for gel electrophoresis and Northern blotting. Nucleic Acids Res 23: 33573358.
  • 16
    Holmes, M.L., Pfeifer, F., Dyall-Smith, M.L. (1994) Improved shuttle vectors for Haloferax volcanii including a dual-resistance plasmid. Gene 146: 117121.
  • 17
    Inoue, H., Nojima, H., Okayama, H. (1990) High efficiency transformation of Escherichia coli with plasmids. Gene 96: 2328.
  • 18
    Jarrell, K.F. & Koval, S.F. (1989) Ultrastructure and biochemistry of Methanococcus voltae. Crit Rev Microbiol 17: 5387.
  • 19
    Jarrell, K.F., Bayley, D.P., Kostyukova, A.S. (1996a) The archaeal flagellum: a unique motility structure. J Bacteriol 178: 50575064.
  • 20
    Jarrell, K.F., Bayley, D.P., Florian, V., Klein, A. (1996b) Isolation and characterization of insertional mutants in flagellin genes in the archaeon Methanococcus voltae. Mol Microbiol 20: 657666.
  • 21
    Kalmokoff, M.L. & Jarrell, K.F. (1991) Cloning and sequencing of a multigene family encoding the flagellins of Methanococcus voltae. J Bacteriol 173: 71137125.
  • 22
    Kalmokoff, M.L., Jarrell, K.F., Koval, S.F. (1988) Isolation of flagella from the archaebacterium Methanococcus voltae by phase separation with Triton X-114., J Bacteriol 170: 17521758.
  • 23
    Kalmokoff, M.L., Karnauchow, T.M., Jarrell, K.F. (1990) Conserved N-terminal sequences in the flagellins of archaebacteria. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 167: 154160.
  • 24
    Kalmokoff, M.L., Koval, S.F., Jarrell, K.F. (1992) Relatedness of the flagellins from methanogens. Arch Microbiol 157: 481487.
  • 25
    Kawarabayasi, Y., Sawada, M., Horikawa, H., Haikawa, Y., Hino, Y., Yamamoto, S., et al (1998) Complete sequence and gene organization of the genome of a hyper-thermophilic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3. DNA Res 5: 5576 and 147–155.
  • 26
    Kawarabayasi, Y., Hino, Y., Horikawa, H., Yamazaki, S., Haikawa, Y., Jin-no, K., et al (1999) Complete genome sequence of an aerobic hyper-thermophilic crenarchaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1. DNA Res 6: 83101 and 145–152.
  • 27
    Kevil, C.G., Walsh, L., Laroux, F.S., Kalogeris, T., Grisham, M.B., Alexander, J.S. (1997) Improve, rapid Northern protocol. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 238: 177179.
  • 28
    Klenk, H.P., Clayton, R.A., Tomb, J.F., White, O., Nelson, K.E., Ketchum, K.A., et al (1997) The complete genome sequence of the hyperthermophilic, sulphate-reducing archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus. Nature 390: 364370.
  • 29
    Laemmli, U.K. (1970) Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4. Nature 227: 680685.
  • 30
    Maniatis, T., Fritsch, E.F., Sambrook, J. (1982) Molecular Cloning: a Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
  • 31
    Pyatibratov, M.G., Kostyukova, A.S., Tarasov, V.Y., Fedorov, O.V. (1993) Morphology and subunit composition of flagella of haloalkalophilic archaebacteria. Dokl Acad Nauk SSSR 330: 116119.
  • 32
    Southam, G., Kalmokoff, M.L., Jarrell, K.F., Koval, S.F., Beveridge, T.J. (1990) Isolation, characterization and cellular insertion of the flagella from two strains of the archaebacterium Methanospirillum hungatei. J Bacteriol 172: 32213228.
  • 33
    St Jean, A.S., Trieselmann, B.A., Charlebois, R.L. (1994) Physical map and set of overlapping cosmid clones representing the genome of the archaeon Halobacterium sp. GRB. Nucleic Acids Res 22: 14761483.
  • 34
    Sumper, M. (1987) Halobacterial glycoprotein synthesis. Biochim Biophys Acta 906: 6979.
  • 35
    Towbin, H., Staehelin, T., Gordon, J. (1979) Electrophoretic transfer of proteins from polyacrylamide gels to nitrocellulose sheets: procedure and some applications. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76: 43504354.
  • 36
    Wieland, F., Paul, G., Sumper, M. (1985) Halobacterial flagellins are sulphated glycoproteins. J Biol Chem 260: 1518015185.