• 1
    Altschul, S.F., Madden, T.L., Schaffer, A.A., Zhang, J., Zhang, Z., Miller, W., Lipman, D.J. (1997) Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generation of protein database search programs. Nucleic Acids Res 25: 33893402DOI: 10.1093/nar/25.17.3389
  • 2
    Arico, B., Nuti, S., Scarlato, V., Rappuoli, R. (1993) Adhesion of Bordetella pertussis to eukaryotic cells requires a time-dependent export and maturation of filamentous hemagglutinin. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90: 92049208
  • 3
    Benton, D. (1990) Recent changes in the GenBank on-line service. Nucleic Acids Res 18: 15171520
  • 4
    Benz, I. & Schmidt, M.A. (1992) AIDA-I, the adhesin involved in diffuse adherence of the diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli strain 2787 (O126:H27), is synthesized via a precursor molecule. Mol Microbiol 6: 15391546
  • 5
    Berman, H.M., Westbrook, J., Feng, Z., Gilliland, G., Bhat, T.N., Weissig, H. , et al. (2000) The protein data bank. Nucleic Acids Res 28: 235242DOI: 10.1093/nar/28.1.235
  • 6
    Brown, D.R. & Parker, C.D. (1987) Cloning of the filamentous hemagglutinin of Bordetella pertussis and its expression in Escherichia coli. Infect Immun 55: 154161
  • 7
    Bucher, P., Karplus, K., Moeri, N., Hofmann, K. (1996) A flexible motif search technique based on generalized profiles. Comput Chem 20: 323
  • 8
    Chiu, C.Y., Mathias, P., Nemerow, G.R., Stewart, P.L. (1999) Structure of adenovirus complexed with its internalization receptor, alphavbeta5 integrin. J Virol 73: 67596768
  • 9
    Cohen, C. & Parry, D.A. (1990) Alpha-helical coiled coils and bundles: how to design an alpha-helical protein. Proteins 7: 115
  • 10
    Dauber-Osguthorpe, P., Roberts, V.A., Osguthorpe, D.J., Wolff, J., Genest, M., Hagler, A.T. (1988) Structure and energetics of ligand binding to proteins: Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase-trimethoprim, a drug-receptor system. Proteins 4: 3147
  • 11
    Dayring, H.E., Tramonato, A., Sprang, S.R., Fletterick, R.J. (1986) Interactive program for visualization and modeling of proteins, nucleic acids and small molecules. J Mol Graph 4: 8287
  • 12
    Delisse-Gathoye, A.M., Locht, C., Jacob, F., Raaschou-Nielsen, M., Heron, I., Ruelle, J.L. , et al. (1990) Cloning, partial sequence, expression, and antigenic analysis of the filamentous hemagglutinin gene of Bordetella pertussis. Infect Immun 58: 28952905
  • 13
    Di Tommaso, A., Domenighini, M., Bugnoli, M., Tagliabue, A., Rappuoli, R., De Magistris, M.T. (1991) Identification of subregions of Bordetella pertussis filamentous hemagglutinin that stimulate human T-cell responses. Infect Immun 59: 33133315
  • 14
    Domenighini, M., Relman, D., Capiau, C., Falkow, S., Prugnola, A., Scarlato, V., Rappuoli, R. (1990) Genetic characterization of Bordetella pertussis filamentous haemagglutinin: a protein processed from an unusually large precursor. Mol Microbiol 4: 787800
  • 15
    D'Souza, S.E., Ginsberg, M.H., Plow, E.F. (1991) Arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid (RGD): a cell adhesion motif. Trends Biochem Sci 16: 246250
  • 16
    Edwards, K.M. (1993) Acellular pertussis vaccines – a solution to the pertussis problem? J Infect Dis 168: 1520
  • 17
    Efimov, A.V. (1993) Standard structures in proteins. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 60: 201239
  • 18
    Emsley, P., Charles, I.G., Fairweather, N.F., Isaacs, N.W. (1996) Structure of Bordetella pertussis virulence factor P.69 pertactin. Nature 381: 9092
  • 19
    Fraser, R.D.B. & MacRae, T.P. (1973) Conformation in Fibrous Proteins and Related Synthetic Polypeptides. London: Academic Press
  • 20
    Gribskov, M., McLachlan, M., Eisenberg, D. (1987) Profile analysis: detection of distantly related proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 84: 43554358
  • 21
    Heffron, S., Moe, G.R., Sieber, V., Mengaud, J., Cossart, P., Vitali, J., Jurnak, F. (1998) Sequence profile of the parallel beta helix in the pectate lyase superfamily. J Struct Biol 122: 223235DOI: 10.1006/jsbi.1998.3978
  • 22
    Hofmann, K. & Bucher, P. (1995) The FHA domain: a putative nuclear signalling domain found in protein kinases and transcription factors. Trends Biochem Sci 20: 347349
  • 23
    Ishibashi, Y., Claus, S., Relman, D.A. (1994) Bordetella pertussis filamentous hemagglutinin interacts with a leukocyte signal transduction complex and stimulates bacterial adherence to monocyte CR3 (CD11b/CD18). J Exp Med 180: 12251233
  • 24
    Jacob-Dubuisson, F., Buisine, C., Mielcarek, N., Clement, E., Menozzi, F.D., Locht, C. (1996) Amino-terminal maturation of the Bordetella pertussis filamentous haemagglutinin. Mol Microbiol 19: 6578
  • 25
    Jenkins, J., Mayans, O., Pickersgill, R. (1998) Structure and evolution of parallel beta-helix proteins. J Struct Biol 122: 236246DOI: 10.1006/jsbi.1998.3985
  • 26
    Kajava, A.V. (2001) Proteins with repeated sequence: structural prediction and modeling. J Struct Biol 134: 132144.
  • 27
    Kajava, A.V., Vassart, G., Wodak, S.J. (1995) Modeling of the three-dimensional structure of proteins with the typical leucine-rich repeats. Structure 3: 867877
  • 28
    Kimura, A., Mountzouros, K.T., Relman, D.A., Falkow, S., Cowell, J.L. (1990) Bordetella pertussis filamentous hemagglutinin: evaluation as a protective antigen and colonization factor in a mouse respiratory infection model. Infect Immun 58: 716
  • 29
    Kobe, B. (1996) Leucines on a roll. Nature Struct Biol 3: 977980
  • 30
    Kobe, B. & Kajava, A.V. (2000) When protein folding is simplified to protein coiling: the continuum of solenoid protein structures. Trends Biochem Sci 25: 509515
  • 31
    Kraulis, P.J. (1991) MOLSCRIPT: a program to produce both detailed and schematic plots of protein structures. J Appl Crystallog 24: 946950
  • 32
    Lambert-Buisine, C., Willery, E., Locht, C., Jacob-Dubuisson, F. (1998) N-terminal characterization of the Bordetella pertussis filamentous haemagglutinin. Mol Microbiol 28: 12831293
  • 33
    Laskowski, R.A., McArthur, M.W., Moss, D.S., Thornton, J.M. (1993) PROCHECK: a program to check the stereochemical quality of protein structures. J Appl Crystallog 26: 282291
  • 34
    Lawson, C.L., Van Montfort, R., Strokopytov, B., Rozeboom, H.J., Kalk, K.H., De Vries, G.E. , et al. (1994) Nucleotide sequence and X-ray structure of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase from Bacillus circulans strain 251 in a maltose-dependent crystal form. J Mol Biol 236: 590600
  • 35
    Liu, D.F., Phillips, E., Wizemann, T.M., Siegel, M.M., Tabei, K., Cowell, J.L., Tuomanen, E. (1997) Characterization of a recombinant fragment that contains a carbohydrate recognition domain of the filamentous hemagglutinin. Infect Immun 65: 34653468
  • 36
    Locht, C., Bertin, P., Menozzi, F.D., Renauld, G. (1993) The filamentous haemagglutinin, a multifaceted adhesion produced by virulent Bordetella spp. Mol Microbiol 9: 653660
  • 37
    Lupas, A. (1997) Predicting coiled-coil regions in proteins. Curr Opin Struct Biol 7: 388393
  • 38
    Makhov, A.M., Hannah, J.H., Brennan, M.J., Trus, B.L., Kocsis, E., Conway, J.F. , et al. (1994) Filamentous hemagglutinin of Bordetella pertussis. A bacterial adhesin formed as a 50-nm monomeric rigid rod based on a 19-residue repeat motif rich in beta strands and turns. J Mol Biol 241: 110124
  • 39
    Menozzi, F.D., Mutombo, R., Renauld, G., Gantiez, C., Hannah, J.H., Leininger, E. , et al. (1994) Heparin-inhibitable lectin activity of the filamentous hemagglutinin adhesin of Bordetella pertussis. Infect Immun 62: 769778
  • 40
    Miller, J., McLachlan, A.D., Klug, A. (1985) Repetitive zinc-binding domains in the protein transcription factor IIIA from Xenopus oocytes. EMBO J 4: 16091614
  • 41
    Moult, J., Hubbard, T., Bryant, S.H., Fidelis, K., Pedersen, J.T. (1997) Critical assessment of methods of protein structure prediction (CASP): round II. Proteins Suppl 1: 26
  • 42
    Owen, P., De Meehan, M., Loughry-Doherty, H., Henderson, I. (1996) Phase-variable outer membrane proteins in Escherichia coli. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 16: 6376
  • 43
    Raetz, C.R. & Roderick, S.L. (1995) A left-handed parallel beta helix in the structure of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine acyltransferase. Science 270: 9971000
  • 44
    Relman, D.A., Domenighini, M., Tuomanen, E., Rappuoli, R., Falkow, S. (1989) Filamentous hemagglutinin of Bordetella pertussis: nucleotide sequence and crucial role in adherence. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86: 26372641
  • 45
    Renauld-Mongenie, G., Mielcarek, N., Cornette, J., Schacht, A.M., Capron, A., Riveau, G., Locht, C. (1996) Induction of mucosal immune responses against a heterologous antigen fused to filamentous hemagglutinin after intranasal immunization with recombinant Bordetella pertussis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 79447949DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.15.7944
  • 46
    Sandros, J. & Tuomanen, E. (1993) Attachment factors of Bordetella pertussis: mimicry of eukaryotic cell recognition molecules. Trends Microbiol 1: 192196
  • 47
    Sato, H. & Sato, Y. (1984) Bordetella pertussis infection in mice: correlation of specific antibodies against two antigens, pertussis toxin, and filamentous hemagglutinin with mouse protectivity in an intracerebral or aerosol challenge system. Infect Immun 46: 415421
  • 48
    Scavetta, R.D., Herron, S.R., Hotchkiss, A.T., Kita, N., Keen, N.T., Benen, H.C. , et al. (1999) Structure of a plant cell wall fragment complexed to pectate lyase C. Plant Cell 11: 10811092
  • 49
    Shahin, R.D., Amsbaugh, D.F., Leef, M.F. (1992) Mucosal immunization with filamentous hemagglutinin protects against Bordetella pertussis respiratory infection. Infect Immun 60: 14821488
  • 50
    Sonnhammer, E.L. & Durbin, R. (1995) A dot-matrix program with dynamic threshold control suited for genomic DNA and protein sequence analysis. Gene 167: 110
  • 51
    Steinbacher, S., Seckler, R., Miller, S., Steipe, B., Huber, R., Reinemer, P. (1994) Crystal structure of P22 tailspike protein: interdigitated subunits in a thermostable trimer. Science 265: 383386
  • 52
    Steinbacher, S., Baxa, U., Miller, S., Weintraub, A., Seckler, R., Huber, R. (1996) Crystal structure of phage P22 tailspike protein complexed with Salmonella sp. O-antigen receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 1058410588DOI: 10.1073/pnas.93.20.10584
  • 53
    Thomas, D., Schultz, P., Steven, A.C., Wall, J.S. (1994) Mass analysis of biological macromolecular complexes by STEM. Biol Cell 80: 181192
  • 54
    Trus, B.L., Kocsis, E., Conway, J.F., Steven, A.C. (1996) Digital image processing of electron micrographs: the PIC system-III. J Struct Biol 116: 6167
  • 55
    Tyler, J.M. & Branton, D. (1980) Rotary shadowing of extended molecules dried out of glycerol. J Ultrastruct Res 71: 95102
  • 56
    Wall, J.S., Hainfeld, J.F., Simon, M.N. (1998) Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) of nuclear structures. In Methods in Cell Biology, Vol. 53. Berrios, M. (ed.). New York: Academic Press, pp. 139166
  • 57
    Ward, C.K., Lumbley, S.R., Latimer, J.L., Cope, L.D., Hansen, E.J. (1998) Haemophilus ducreyi secretes a filamentous hemagglutinin-like protein. J Bacteriol 180: 60136022
  • 58
    Weiss, A.A. & Hewlett, E.L. (1986) Virulence factors of Bordetella pertussis. Annu Rev Microbiol 40: 661686
  • 59
    Yoder, M.D., Keen, N.T., Jurnak, F. (1993) New domain motif: the structure of pectate lyase C, a secreted plant virulence factor. Science 260: 15031507