• Aslund, F., and Beckwith, J. (1999) Bridge over troubled waters: sensing stress by disulfide bond formation.Cell96: 751753.
  • Chen, P., Ruiz, R.E., Li, Q., Silver, R.F., and Bishai, W.R. (2000) Construction and characterization of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutant lacking the alternate sigma factor gene.Sigf Infect Immun68: 55755580.
  • Cole, S.T., Brosch, R., Parkhill, J., Garnier, T., Churcher, C., Harris, D., et al. (1998) Deciphering the biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the complete genome sequence.Nature393: 537544.
  • Dussurget, O., Timm, J., Gomez, M., Gold, B., , YuS., Sabol, S.Z., et al. (1999) Transcriptional control of the iron-responsive fxbA gene by the mycobacterial regulator IdeR.J Bacteriol181: 34023408.
  • Finlay, B.B., and Falkow, S. (1997) Common themes in bacterial pathogenicity revisited.Microbiol Mol Biol Rev61: 136169.
  • Frohman, M.A. (1994) On beyond classic RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends).PCR Methods Appl4: 540558.
  • Gomez, M., and Smith, I. (2000) Determinants of mycobacterial gene expression.In: Molecular Genetics of Mycobacteria. Hatfull, G.F., and Jacobs, W.R. (eds). Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology Press, pp. 111129.
  • Gomez, J.E., Chen, J.-M., and Bishai, W.R. (1997) Sigma factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.Tuber Lung Dis78: 175183.
  • Grant, C.M. (2001) Role of the glutathione/glutaredoxin and thioredoxin system in yest growth and response to stress conditions.Mol Microbiol39: 533541.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2958.2001.02283.x
  • Hatfull, G.F., and Sarkis, J.G. (1993) DNA sequence, structure and gene expression of mycobacteriophage L5: a phage system for mycobacterial genetics.Mol Microbiol7: 395405.
  • Kang, J.-G., Paget, M.S.B., Seok, Y.-J., Hahn, M.-J., Bae, J.-B., Hahn, J.-S., et al. (1999) RsrA, an anti-sigma factor regulated by redox change.EMBO J18: 42924298.
  • Lonetto, M., Gribskov, M., and Gross, C.A. (1992) The sigma 70 family: sequence conservation and evolutionary relationships.J Bacteriol174: 38433849.
  • Manganelli, R., Dubnau, E., Tyagi, S., Kramer, F.R., and Smith, I. (1999) Differential expression of 10 sigma factor genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.Mol Microbiol31: 715724.
  • Manganelli, R., Tyagi, S., and Smith, I. (2001b) Real time PCR using molecular beacons: a new tool to identify point mutation and to analyze gene expression in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.In: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Protocols. Parish, T., and Stoker, N.G. (eds). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, pp. 295310.
  • Manganelli, R., Voskuil, M.I., Schoolnik, G.K., and Smith, I. (2001a) The Mycobacterium tuberculosis ECF sigma factor σE: role in global gene expression and survival in macrophages.Mol Microbiol41: 423437.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2958.2001.02525.x
  • Missiakas, D., and Raina, S. (1998) The extracytoplasmic function sigma factors: role and regulation.Mol Microbiol28: 10691066.
  • Newton, G.L., Arnold, K., Price, M.S., Sherrill, C., Delcardayre, S.B., Aharonowitz, Y., et al. (1996) Distribution of thiols in microorganisms: mycothiol is a major thiol in most actinomycetes.J Bacteriol178: 19901995.
  • Newton, G.L., Av-Gay, Y., and Fahey, R.C. (2000) N-acetyl-1-D-myo-inosityl-2-amino-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranoside deacetylase (MshB) is a key enzyme in mycothiol biosynthesis.J Bacteriol182: 69586963.
  • Paget, M.S.B., Bae, J.-B., Hahn, M.-Y., Li, W., Kleanthous, C., Roe, J.-H., and Buttner, M.J. (2001a) Mutational analysis of RsrA, a zinc-binding anti-sigma factor with a thiol-disulphide redox switch.Mol Microbiol39: 10361047.
  • Paget, M.S.B., Kang, J.-G., Roe, J.-H., and Buttner, M.J. (1998) σR, an RNA polymerase sigma factor that modulates expression of the thioredoxin system in response to oxidative stress in Streptomyces coelicolor A3 (2).EMBO J17: 57765782.
  • Paget, M.S.K., Molle, V., Cohen, G., Aharonowitz, Y., and Buttner, M.J. (2001b) Defining the disulphide stress re-sponse in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2): identification of the σR regulon.Mol Microbiol42: 10071020.
  • Pelicic, V., Reyrat, J.M., and Gicquel, B. (1996) Expression of the Bacillus subtilis sacB gene confers sucrose sensitivity on mycobacteria.J Bacteriol178: 11971199.
  • Raman, S., Song, T., Puyang, X., Bardarov, S., Jacobs, W.R., and Husson, R.N. (2001) The alternative sigma factor SigH regulates major components of oxidative and heat stress responses in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.J Bacteriol183: 61196125.
  • Rodriguez, G.M., Gold, B., Gomez, M., Dussurget, O., and Smith, I. (1999) Identification and characterization of two divergently transcribed iron regulated genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.Tuber Lung Dis79: 287298.
  • Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F., and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: a Laboratory Manual, 2nd edn.Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring. Harbor Laboratory Press.
  • Schoolnik, G.K., Voskuil, M.I., Schnappinger, D., Yildiz, F.H., Meibom, K., Dolganov, N.A., et al. (2001) Whole genome DNA microarray expression analysis of biofilm development by Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor.Methods Enzymol336: 318.