Chemokine responses in schistosomal antigen-elicited granuloma formation*

Authors

  • Bo-Chin Chiu,

    1. Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI and
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  • Stephen W. Chensue

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI and
    2. Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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  • *

    Paper presented at the British Society for Immunology Congress, ‘Chemokines and Leucocyte Migration In Parasitic Disease’, 4–7 December 2001, Harrogate, UK.

: Dr Stephen W. Chensue, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 113, AAVAHS, 2215 Fuller Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA (e-mail: schensue@med.umich.edu).

Summary

Host immune systems have evolved specialized responses to multicellular parasites. This is well represented by the type 2 granulomatous response to Schistosoma mansoni egg antigens, which is an eosinophil-rich inflammatory response mediated by Th2-associated cytokines. Using Ag-bead models of pulmonary granuloma formation in mice, we defined characteristic chemokine (CK) profiles in the granulomatous lungs. Our findings point to a role for C-C chemokine receptor-2 (CCR2) and CCR3 agonists such as monocyte chemotactic proteins (MCPs) 1/CCL2, 3/CCL7 and 5/CCL12 as important participants that are subject to regulation by Th2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13. CCR4 and CCR8 agonists are also likely contributors. Analysis of CK receptor knockout mice revealed that CCR2 ligands (e.g. MCP-1 and 5) promoted early phase granuloma macrophage accumulation, whereas anti-MCP-3 (CCL7) antibody treatment abrogated eosinophil recruitment. CCR8 knockout mice also demonstrated impaired eosinophil recruitment but this appeared to be related to impaired Th2 cell function. Transcript analysis of CD4+ T cells generated during schistosome granuloma formation failed to show biased CCR8 expression but, having a more limited receptor repertoire, these cells were likely more dependent on CCR8 ligands. Together, these studies indicate an intricate involvement of chemokines in various stages and aspects of schistosomal egg Ag-elicited granuloma formation.

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