Effects of chilling temperature on photosynthetic rates, photosynthetic enzyme activities and metabolite levels in leaves of three sugarcane species


Akihiro Nose Fax, + 81 – 952 – 28 – 8737; e-mail: nosea@cc.saga-u.ac.jp


FBPase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase
NADP-MDH, NADP-malate dehydrogenase
NADP-ME, NADP-malic enzyme
OAA, oxaloacetic acid
PEP, phosphoenolpyruvate
PEPcase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase
PPDK, pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase
Rubisco, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of photosynthetic changes in sugarcane leaves in response to chilling temperature by using three species (Saccharum sinense R. cv. Yomitanzan, Saccharum sp. cv. NiF4 and Saccharum officinarum L. cv. Badira) differing in origin and cold sensitivity. Yomitanzan is native to subtropical areas, Badira is native to tropical areas and NiF4 is a hybrid species containing genes of both tropical and subtropical species. At exposure to chilling temperature (10 °C), the photosynthetic rate in the leaves at either 10 °C or 30 °C showed a greater decrease in Badira than in NiF4 and Yomitanzan. After 28 h exposure of plants to the chilling temperature, the extractable activities of pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) and NADP-malate dehydrogenase (NADP-MDH) increased or were relatively stable in the leaves of NiF4 and Yomitanzan, but decreased substantially in Badira. Correspondingly, there was a substantial accumulation of aspartate, and the level of alanine increased in Badira leaves during the chilling treatment. It is suggested that NADP-MDH and PPDK are key enzymes which may determine the cold sensitivity in photosynthesis of sugarcane.