SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Amthor J.S. (1995) Terrestrial higher-plant response to increasing atmospheric [CO2] in relation to the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology 1, 243274.
  • 2
    Beerling D.J. & Woodward F.I. (1996) In situ responses of boreal vegetation to elevated CO2 and temperature: first season results. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 5, 117127.
  • 3
    Bunce J.A. (1992) Stomatal conductance, photosynthesis and respiration of temperate deciduous tree seedlings grown outdoors at an elevated concentration of carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell and Environment 15, 541549.
  • 4
    Campbell G.S. (1985) Soil physics with Basic: Transport Models for Soil-Plant Systems. Elsevier Scientific, New York.
  • 5
    Ceulemans R., Taylor G., Bosac C., Wilkins D., Besford R.T. (1997) Photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2 in poplar grown in glasshouse cabinets or in open top chambers depends on duration of exposure. Journal of Experimental Botany 48, 16811689.
  • 6
    Curtis P.S. (1996) A meta-analysis of leaf gas exchange and nitrogen in trees grown under elevated carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell and Environment 19, 127137.
  • 7
    Dixon M., LeThiec D., Garrec J.-P. (1995) The growth and gas exchange response of soil-planted Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] and red oak (Quercus rubra L.) exposed to elevated CO2 and to naturally occurring drought. New Phytologist 129, 265273.
  • 8
    Drake B.G., Gonzàlez-Meler M., Long S.P. (1997) More efficient plants: a consequence of rising atmospheric CO2? Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 48, 609639.
  • 9
    Eamus D. (1991) The interaction of rising CO2 and temperatures with water use efficiency. Plant, Cell and Environment 14, 843852.
  • 10
    Eamus D. & Jarvis P.G. (1989) The direct effects of increase in the global atmospheric CO2 concentration on natural and commercial temperate trees and forests. Advances in Ecological Research 19, 155.
  • 11
    Ellsworth D.S., Oren R., Huang C., Phillips N., Hendrey G.R. (1995) Leaf and canopy responses to elevated CO2 in a pine forest under free-air CO2 enrichment. Oecologia 104, 139146.
  • 12
    Farquhar G.D., Ehleringer J.R., Hubick K.T. (1989) Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology & Plant Molecular Biology 40, 503537.
  • 13
    Field C.B., Jackson R.B., Mooney H.A. (1995) Stomatal responses to increased CO2: implications from the plant to the global scale. Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 12141225.
  • 14
    Green T.H. & Mitchell R.J. (1992) Effects of nitrogen on the response of loblolly pine to water stress. I. Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance. New Phytologist 122, 627633.
  • 15
    Gregory J.M., Mitchell J.F.B., Brady A.J. (1997) Summer drought in northern midlatitudes in a time-dependent CO2 climate experiment. Journal of Climate 10, 662686.
  • 16
    Haxeltine A., Prentice I.C., Cresswell I.D. (1996) A coupled carbon and water flux model to predict vegetation structure. Journal of Vegetation Science 7, 651666.
  • 17
    Heath J. & Kerstiens G. (1997) Effects of elevated CO2 on leaf gas exchange in beech and oak at two levels of nutrient supply: consequences for the sensitivity to drought in beech. Plant, Cell and Environment 20, 5767.
  • 18
    Henderson-Sellers A., McGuffie K., Gross C. (1995) Sensitivity of global climate model simulations to increased stomatal resistance and CO2 increases. Journal of Climate 8, 17381756.
  • 19
    Hendrey G.R., Ellsworth D.S., Lewin K.F., Nagy J. (1998) A free-air enrichment system for exposing tall forest vegetation to elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 5, 293310.
  • 20
    Hogan K.P., Whitehead D., Kallarackal J., Buwalda J.G., Meekings J., Rogers G.N.D. (1996) Photosynthetic activity of leaves of Pinus radiata and Nothofagus fusca after 1 year of growth at elevated CO2. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 23, 623630.
  • 21
    Hungate B.A., Chapin F.S. III, Zhong H., Holland E.A., Field C.B. (1997) Stimulation of grassland nitrogen cycling under carbon dioxide enrichment. Oecologia 109, 149153.
  • 22
    Jackson R.B., Sala O.E., Field C.B., Mooney H.A. (1994) CO2 alters water use, carbon gain, and yield for the dominant species in a natural grassland. Oecologia 98, 257262.
  • 23
    Jarvis A.J. & Davies W.J. (1998) The coupled response of stomatal conductance to photosynthesis and transpiration. Journal of Experimental Botany 49, 399406.
  • 24
    Knapp A.K., Hamerlynck E.P., Ham J.M., Owensby C.E. (1996) Responses in stomatal conductance to elevated CO2 in 12 grassland species that differ in growth form. Vegetatio 125, 3141.
  • 25
    Koide R.T., Robichaux R.H., Morse S.R., Smith C.M. (1989) Plant water status, hydraulic resistance and capacitance. In Plant Physiological Ecology: Field Methods and Instrumentation (eds R.W. Pearcy, J.R. Ehleringer, H.A. Mooney & P.W. Rundel), pp. 162–183. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  • 26
    Körner C. (1995) Towards a better experimental basis for upscaling plant responses to elevated CO2 and climate warming. Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 11011110.
  • 27
    Kozlowski T.T. & Pallardy S.G. (1996) Physiology of Woody Plants, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
  • 28
    Mansfield T.A., Hetherington A.M., Atkinson C.J. (1990) Some current aspects of stomatal physiology. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 41, 5575.
  • 29
    Miao S.L., Wayne P.M., Bazzaz F.A. (1992) Elevated CO2 differentially alters the responses of co-occurring birch and maple seedlings to a moisture gradient. Oecologia 90, 300304.
  • 30
    Morison J.I.L. (1987) Intercellular CO2 concentration and stomatal responses to CO2. In Stomatal Function (eds E. Zeiger, G.D. Farquhar & I.R. Cowan), pp. 229–251. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • 31
    Morison J.I.L. (1993) Responses of plants to CO2 under water limited conditions. Vegetatio 104/105, 193209.
  • 32
    Morse S.R., Wayne P., Miao S.L., Bazzaz F.A. (1993) Elevated CO2 and drought alter tissue water relations of birch (Betula populifolia Marsh.) seedlings. Oecologia 95, 599602.
  • 33
    Mott K.A. (1988) Do stomata respond to CO2 concentrations other than intercellular? Plant Physiology 86, 200203.
  • 34
    Murthy R., Zarnoch S.J., Dougherty P.M. (1997) Seasonal trends of light-saturated net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of loblolly pine trees grown in contrasting environments of nutrition, water and carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell and Environment 20, 558568.
  • 35
    Myers D.A., Thomas R.B., DeLucia E.H. (1999) Photosynthetic capacity of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) trees during the first year of carbon dioxide enrichment in a forest ecosystem. Plant, Cell and Environment 22, 473481.
  • 36
    Oren R., Ewers B.E., Todd P., Phillips N., Katul G.G. (1998) Water balance delineates the soil layer in which moisture affects canopy conductance. Ecological Applications 8, 9901002.
  • 37
    Owensby C.E., Ham J.M., Knapp A., Rice C.W., Coyne P.I., Auen L.M. (1996) Ecosystem-level responses of tallgrass prairie to elevated CO2. In Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems (eds G.W .Koch & H.A. Mooney), pp. 147–162. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • 38
    Pan Y., Melillo J.M., McGuire A.D., Kicklighter D.W., Pitelka L.F., Hibbard K., Pierce L.L., Running S.W., Ojima D.S., Parton W.J., Schimel D.S. & other VEMAP members. (1998) Modeled responses of terrestrial ecosystems to elevated atmospheric CO2: a comparison of simulations by the biogeochemistry models of the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP). Oecologia 114, 389404.
  • 39
    Picon C., Guehl J.M., Ferhi A. (1996) Leaf gas exchange and carbon isotope composition responses to drought in a drought-avoiding (Pinus pinaster) and a drought-tolerant (Quercus petraea) species under present and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Plant, Cell and Environment 19, 182190.
  • 40
    Pinter P.J., Kimball B.A., Garcia R.L., Wall G.W., Hunsaker D.J., LaMorte R.L. (1996) Free-air CO2 enrichment: responses of cotton and wheat crops. In Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems (eds G.W. Koch & H. Mooney), pp. 215–249. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • 41
    Rind D., Goldberg R., Hansen J., Rosenzweig C., Ruedy C. (1990) Potential evapotranspiration and the likelihood of future drought. Journal of Geophysical Research 95, 998310004.
  • 42
    Robinson J.M. (1994) Speculations on carbon dioxide starvation, Late Tertiary evolution of stomatal regulation and floristic modernization. Plant, Cell and Environment 17, 345354.
  • 43
    Sage R.F. (1994) Acclimation of photosynthesis to increasing atmospheric CO2: the gas exchange perspective. Photosynthesis Research 39, 351368.
  • 44
    Saxe H., Ellsworth D.S., Heath J. (1998) Tree and forest functioning in an enriched CO2 atmosphere. New Phytologist 139, 395436.
  • 45
    Scholander P.F., Hammel H.T., Bradstreet E.D., Hemmingsen E.A. (1965) Sap pressure in vascular plants. Science 148, 339346.
  • 46
    Schulte P.J. & Henry L.T. (1992) Pressure-volume analysis of tissue water relations parameters for individual fascicles of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). Tree Physiology 10, 381389.
  • 47
    Sellers P.J., Bounoua L., Collatz G.J., Randall D.A., Dazlich D.A., Los S.O., Berry J.A., Fung I., Tucker C.J., Field C.B., Jensen T.G. (1996) Comparison of radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2 on climate. Science 271, 14021406.
  • 48
    Talbott L.D., Srivastava A., Zeiger E. (1996) Stomata from growth-chamber-grown Vicia faba have an enhanced sensivity to CO2. Plant, Cell and Environment 19, 11881194.
  • 49
    Teskey R.O. (1995) A field study of the effects of elevated CO2 on carbon assimilation, stomatal conductance and leaf and branch growth of Pinus taeda trees. Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 565573.
  • 50
    Tissue D.T., Thomas R.B., Strain B.R. (1997) Long-term atmospheric CO2 enrichment increases growth and photosynthesis of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.): a four year experiment in the field. Plant, Cell and Environment 20, 11231134.
  • 51
    Tolley L.C. & Strain B.R. (1985) Effects of CO2 enrichment and water stress on gas exchange of Liquidambar styraciflua and Pinus taeda seedlings grown under different irradiance levels. Oecologia 65, 166172.
  • 52
    Topp G.C., Davis J.L., Annan A.P. (1980) Electromagnetic determination of soil water content: measurements in coaxial transmission lines. Water Resources Research 16, 574582.
  • 53
    Tschaplinski T.J., Norby R.J., Wullschleger S.D. (1993) Responses of loblolly pine seedlings to elevated CO2 and fluctuating water supply. Tree Physiology 13, 283296.
  • 54
    Tschaplinski T.J., Stewart D.B., Hanson P.J., Norby R.J. (1995) Interactions between drought and elevated CO2 on growth and gas exchange of seedlings of three deciduous tree species. New Phytologist 129, 6371.
  • 55
    Will R.E. & Teskey R.O. (1997) Effect of elevated carbon dioxide concentration and root restriction on net photosynthesis, water relations and foliar carbohydrate status of loblolly pine seedlings. Tree Physiology 17, 655661.
  • 56
    Woodward F.I. (1987) Climate and Plant Distribution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.