Splash dispersal of conidia of Mycocentrospora acerina in the field
Article first published online: 14 NOV 2003
Volume 46, Issue 4, pages 459–469, August 1997
How to Cite
EVENHUIS, A., VERDAM, B. and ZADOKS, J. C. (1997), Splash dispersal of conidia of Mycocentrospora acerina in the field. Plant Pathology, 46: 459–469. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3059.1997.d01-42.x
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2003
- Article first published online: 14 NOV 2003
The dispersal of conidia of Mycocentrospora acerina was studied in caraway field trials. A Burkard spore trap, rotorods, inverted Petri dishes containing sucrose agar and rain gauges were used to trap conidia of M. acerina. Sporulation was stimulated by rainfall (2 mm) and moderate temperatures (around 15°C). Solar radiation had a negative effect on sporulation. Hardly any conidia were found in the spore traps on rainless days. Short distance (9 m) spread of M. acerina is mainly caused by splash dispersal of its conidia. Trap plants at 0, 0.1, 1 and 4 m from the inoculum source were readily infected under moist conditions. Beyond 9 m from an inoculum source no infection of caraway trap plants was found. Trap plants at 9 m from an inoculum source were infected in one out of three seasons only. Long distance (>9 m) spread could not be demonstrated by the techniques used in this study. The results suggest that, usually, a caraway field is infected by inoculum sources within that field.