A cytokinesis-defective mutant ofArabidopsis(cyt1) characterized by embryonic lethality, incomplete cell walls, and excessive callose accumulation
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2002
The Plant Journal
Volume 15, Issue 3, pages 321–332, August 1998
How to Cite
Nickle, T. C. and Meinke, D. W. (1998), A cytokinesis-defective mutant ofArabidopsis(cyt1) characterized by embryonic lethality, incomplete cell walls, and excessive callose accumulation. The Plant Journal, 15: 321–332. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313X.1998.00212.x
- Issue published online: 5 JAN 2002
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2002
- Received 13 February 1998; revised 22 May 1998; accepted 26 May 1998.
The genetic control of cell division in eukaryotes has been addressed in part through the analysis of cytokinesis-defective mutants. Two allelic mutants ofArabidopsis(cyt1–1andcyt1–2) altered in cytokinesis and cell-wall architecture during embryogenesis are described in this report. Mutant embryos appear slightly abnormal at the heart stage and then expand to form a somewhat disorganized mass of enlarged cells with occasional incomplete walls. In contrast to thekeule and knollemutants ofArabidopsis andthecydmutant of pea, which also exhibit defects in cytokinesis during embryogenesis,cyt1embryos cannot be rescued in culture, are desiccation-intolerant at maturity, and produce cell walls with excessive callose as revealed through staining with the aniline blue fluorochrome, Sirofluor. Somecyt1defects can be partially phenocopied by treatment with the herbicide dichlobenil, which is thought to interfere with cellulose biosynthesis. The distribution of unesterified pectins incyt1cell walls is also disrupted as revealed through immunocytochemical localization of JIM 5 antibodies. These features indicate thatCYT1plays an essential and unique role in plant growth and development and the establishment of normal cell-wall architecture.