Coordinate repression of regulators of embryonic identity by PICKLE during germination in Arabidopsis
Article first published online: 30 JUN 2003
The Plant Journal
Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 33–43, July 2003
How to Cite
Dean Rider, S., Henderson, J. T., Jerome, R. E., Edenberg, H. J., Romero-Severson, J. and Ogas, J. (2003), Coordinate repression of regulators of embryonic identity by PICKLE during germination in Arabidopsis. The Plant Journal, 35: 33–43. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313X.2003.01783.x
- Issue published online: 30 JUN 2003
- Article first published online: 30 JUN 2003
- Received 10 February 2003; revised 20 March 2003; accepted 21 March 2003.
- chromatin-remodeling factors;
- developmental transition;
In angiosperms, germination represents an important developmental transition during which embryonic identity is repressed and vegetative identity emerges. PICKLE (PKL) encodes a CHD3-chromatin-remodeling factor necessary for the repression of expression of LEAFY COTYLEDON1 (LEC1), a central regulator of embryogenesis. A candidate gene approach and microarray analysis identified nine additional genes that exhibit PKL-dependent repression of expression during germination. Transcripts for all three LEAFY COTYLEDON genes, LEC1, LEC2, and FUS3, exhibit PKL-dependent repression, and all three transcripts are elevated more than 100-fold in pkl primary roots that inappropriately express embryonic traits (pickle roots). Three other genes that exhibit PKL-dependent regulation have expression patterns correlated with zygotic or somatic embryogenesis, and one gene encodes a putative Lin-11, Isl-1, MEC-3 (LIM) domain transcriptional regulator that is preferentially expressed in siliques. Genes that exhibit PKL-dependent repression during germination are not necessarily regulated by PKL at other points in development. Our data suggest that PKL selectively regulates a suite of genes during germination to repress embryonic identity. In particular, we propose that PKL acts as a master regulator of the LEAFY COTYLEDON genes, and that joint derepression of these genes is likely to contribute substantially to expression of embryonic identity in pkl seedlings.