An abundant TIP expressed in mature highly vacuolated cells
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
The Plant Journal
Volume 21, Issue 1, pages 83–90, January 2000
How to Cite
Karlsson, M., Johansson, I., Bush, M., McCann, M. C., Maurel, C., Larsson, C. and Kjellbom, P. (2000), An abundant TIP expressed in mature highly vacuolated cells. The Plant Journal, 21: 83–90. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.2000.00648.x
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Received 25 June 1999; revised 5 November 1999; accepted 12 November 1999.
Aquaporins are water channel proteins found in vacuolar membranes and plasma membranes, and belong to the major intrinsic protein (MIP) family of proteins. In the present study, we purified a 75 kDa MIP protein from a crude fraction of spinach leaf intracellular membranes. Upon urea/SDS–PAGE, the 75 kDa protein appeared as a 21 kDa polypeptide, and the 75 kDa species therefore probably represents a tetramer. The corresponding cDNA was obtained by PCR cloning and had an open reading frame encoding a 25.1 kDa protein. The protein, So-δTIP, was most homologous to the tonoplast intrinsic protein (TIP) subfamily of plant MIPs. Using affinity-purified So-δTIP-specific peptide antibodies, we investigated the subcellular and tissue distribution of So-δTIP. So-δTIP was specifically located in the vacuolar membrane. It was abundant in most vacuolated cells in all vegetative organs, but was excluded from the leaf epidermis as well as from the root phloem parenchyma and meristem. In spite of the high sequence homology between δ-TIPs of spinach, Arabidopsis, sunflower and radish, their expression patterns were totally different. However, a comparison of the expression pattern of So-δTIP with that of more distantly related TIPs showed similarities with Arabidopsisγ-TIP, which is expressed in zones of cell elongation/differentiation but excluded from meristematic tissues. Meristematic cells are characterized by many small vacuoles as opposed to elongating and mature cells, which generally harbour a single, large vacuole. Our results indicate that the expression of So-δTIP may be induced when the large vacuole is formed.