Present address: Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Delaware, 149 Townsend Hall, Newark, DE 19717, USA.
Degradation of Aux/IAA proteins is essential for normal auxin signalling
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
The Plant Journal
Volume 21, Issue 6, pages 553–562, March 2000
How to Cite
Worley, C. K., Zenser, N., Ramos, J., Rouse, D., Leyser, O., Theologis, A. and Callis, J. (2000), Degradation of Aux/IAA proteins is essential for normal auxin signalling. The Plant Journal, 21: 553–562. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.2000.00703.x
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Received 1 November 1999; revised 28 January 2000; accepted 28 January 2000.
The growth substance auxin mediates many cellular processes, including division, elongation and differentiation. PSIAA6 is a member of the Aux/IAA family of short-lived putative transcriptional regulators that share four conserved domains and whose mRNAs are rapidly induced in the presence of auxin. Here PSIAA6 was shown to serve as a dominant transferable degradation signal when present as a translational fusion with firefly luciferase (LUC), with an in vivo half-life of 13.5 min in transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings. In a transient assay system in tobacco protoplasts using steady-state differences as an indirect measure of protein half-life, LUC fusions with full-length PSIAA6 and IAA1, an Aux/IAA protein from Arabidopsis, resulted in protein accumulations that were 3.5 and 1.0%, respectively, of that with LUC alone. An N-terminal region spanning conserved domain II of PSIAA6 containing amino acids 18–73 was shown to contain the necessary cis-acting element to confer low protein accumulation onto LUC, while a fusion protein with PSIAA6 amino acids 71–179 had only a slight effect. Single amino acid substitutions of PSIAA6 in conserved domain II, equivalent to those found in two alleles of axr3, a gene that encodes Aux/IAA protein IAA17, resulted in a greater than 50-fold increase in protein accumulation. Thus, the same mutations resulting in an altered auxin response phenotype increase Aux/IAA protein accumulation, providing a direct link between these two processes. In support of this model, transgenic plants engineered to over-express IAA17 have an axr3-like phenotype. Together, these data suggest that rapid degradation of Aux/IAA proteins is necessary for a normal auxin response.