Strategies for reducing maternal mortality in developing countries: what can we learn from the history of the industrialized West?
Version of Record online: 5 JAN 2002
Blackwell Science Ltd
Tropical Medicine & International Health
Volume 3, Issue 10, pages 771–782, October 1998
How to Cite
De Brouwere, V., De Brouwere, V., Tonglet, R. and Van Lerberghe, W. (1998), Strategies for reducing maternal mortality in developing countries: what can we learn from the history of the industrialized West?. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 3: 771–782. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.1998.00310.x
- Issue online: 5 JAN 2002
- Version of Record online: 5 JAN 2002
- Alisjabana A (1990) The implementation of the risk approach in maternal and child health services. In Health care for women and children in developing countries. (eds. HM Wallace & K Giri), Third Party Publishing, Oakland (USA), pp. 382–392.
- Araujo JG & Oliveira FC (1982) The place of caesarean section and choice of method. In Obstetric problems in the developing world (ed. RH Philpott), W.B. Saunders, London, pp. 757–772.
- Awan AK (1987) Mobilizing TBAs for the control of maternal and neonatal mortality in Pakistan. In High risk mothers and newborns: detection, management and prevention. (eds. AR Omran, J Martin & DM Aviado), Ott, Thun, pp. 340–346.
- 61960) The evolution of modern obstetrics. Lancet ii, 557–564.(
- 71976) The training and activity of village midwives in the Sudan. Tropical Doctor 6, 118–125.(
- Caflish A (1987) Prevention of obstetric mortality in high risk pregnancy. In High risk mothers and newborns: detection, management and prevention. (eds. AR Omran, J Martin & DM Aviado), Ott, Thun, pp. 311–320.
- Chen PCY (1981) Social background, customs and traditions. In Maternal and child health around the world. (eds. HM Wallace & GJ Ebrahim), Macmillan, London, pp. 71–75.
- Crombie IE, Davies HT, Abraham SC & Florey CdV (1993) The audit handbook. Improving health care through clinical audit. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
- 14De Brouwere V, Laabid A & Van Lerberghe W (1996b) Unmet obstetrical need: an operationally relevant concept. In Networking for Research in Reproductive Health. (eds. V De Brouwere & W Van Lerberghe), ITM, Antwerp & European Commission, DGXII, Brussels, pp. 6–27.
- 15De Brouwere V & Van Lerberghe W (1998) Les besoins obstétricaux non couverts. L'Harmattan, Paris.
- 16de Lourdes Verdese M & Turnbull LM (1975) L'accoucheuse traditionnelle dans la protection maternelle et infantile et la planification familiale. Guide pour son instruction et son utilisation. WHO, Geneva.
- 17Dissevelt AG (1978) Integrated maternal and child health services. A study at rural health centre in Kenya. Krips Repro Meppel, Amsterdam.
- 19Estrada RA (1983) Training and supervision of traditional birth attendants at the primary health care center level. In Primary maternal and neonatal health: a global concern. (eds. F del Mundo, E Ines-Cuyegkeng & DM Aviado), Plenum, New-York, pp. 483–493.
- 201996) Maternal mortality in Bamako, Mali. 21° Congrès de l'ADELF. Reproductive Epidemiology. Brussels, June 3–5, 1996. Archives of Public Health 53, 48–48., , , (
- 21Fauveau V & Chakraborty J (1994) Women's health and maternity care in Matlab. In Matlab, women, children and health. (ed. V Fauveau), International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, pp. 109–138.
- 22Favin M, Bradford B & Cebula D (1984) Improving maternal health in developing countries. World Federation of Public Health Associations, Geneva.
- 291921) The real risk-rate of death to mothers from causes connected with childbirth. American Journal of Hygiene 1, 197–233.(
- Hyppolito SB (1987) Delegated health activity in rural areas: an experience in North-Brazil. In High risk mothers and newborns: detection, management and prevention. (eds. AR Omran, J Martin & DM Aviado). Ott, Thun, pp. 325–339.
- Kasongo Project Team, (1981) Influence of measles vaccination on survival pattern of 7–35-month-old children in Kasongo, Zaire. Lancet i, 764–767.
- Kasongo Project Team, (1984) Antenatal screening for fetopelvic dystocias. A cost-effectiveness approach to the choice of simple indicators for use by auxiliary personnel. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 87, 173–183.
- Kwast BE (1988) Unsafe motherhood: a monumental challenge. A study of maternal mortality in Addis Ababa, Lithoprint Ltd, Leiderdorp.
- Lawson JB & Stewart DB (1967) Obstetrics and Gynaecology in the Tropics and Developing Countries. Edward Arnold, London.
- Llewellyn-Jones D (1974) Human Reproduction and Society. Faber and Faber, London.
- 40Loudon I (1992a) Death in childbirth. An international study of maternal care and maternal mortality 1800–1950. Oxford University Press, London.
- 42Maine D, McCarthy J & Ward V (1992) Guidelines for monitoring progress in the reduction of maternal mortality. UNICEF, New York.
- 43Maine D, Rosenfield A, McCarthy J, Kamara A & Lucas AO (1991) Safe Motherhood Programs: options and issues. Columbia University, New York.
- 44Mangay-Maglacas A (1990) Traditional birth attendants. In Health care for women and children in developing countries. (eds. HM Wallace & K Giri), Third Party Publishing, Oakland, pp. 229–241.
- 46Namboze JM (1985) Maternal health services. In Principles and practice of community health in Africa. (eds. GO Sofoluwe & FJ Bennett), University Press, Ibadan, pp. 323–333.
- Oakley A (1984) The captured womb. A history of the medical care of pregnant women. Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
- 501921) Biometric data on infant mortality in the United States Birth Registration Area, 1915–18. American Journal of Hygiene 1, 419–439.(
- 51Pelling M, Berridge V, Harrison M & Weindling P (1993) The era of Public Health, 1848–1918. In Caring for health: history and diversity. (ed. C Webster), Open University Press, London, p. 63–86.
- 52Phuapradit W, Pongthai S, Sudhutoravut S, Chaturachinda K & Benchakan V (1990) Implementation of risk approach in maternal health. In Health care for women and children in developing countries. (eds. HM Wallace & K Giri), Third Party Publishing, Oakland, pp. 242–251.
- 54Rao KB (1981) Maternity care. In Maternal and child health around the world. (eds. HM Wallace & GJ Ebrahim), Macmillan, London, pp. 76–81.
- 55Richmond JB & Kotelchuck M (1985) Co-ordination and development of strategies and policy – the United States example. In Oxford textbook of public health, Vol. 2: Processes for public health promotion. (eds. W. W Holland, R Detels & G Knox), Oxford University Press, Oxford, p. 195–205.
- 561981) Maternal mortality in the United States of America. World Health Statistics Quarterly 34, 2–13.(
- 59Rosa FW (1981) The status of maternal and child care in developing countries. In Maternal and child health around the world. (eds. HM Wallace & GJ Ebrahim), Macmillan, London, pp. 3–16.
- 63Ross DA (1986) The trained traditional birth attendant and neonatal tetanus. In The potential of the traditional birth attendant. (Eds. A Mangay-Maglacas & J Simons), WHO, Geneva, pp. 8–20.
- 65Schmidt WM & Valadian I (1969) Maternal and child health activities. In Principles of Public Health administration. (ed. JJ Hanlon), CV Mosby, St.Louis, pp. 367–381.
- 661994) Du leurre de la douleur. Autrement 42, 118–127.(
- 67Stanton C, Hill K, AbouZahr C & Wardlaw T (1995) Modelling maternal mortality in the developing world. WHO & UNICEF, Geneva.
- 73Viegas OA, Singh K & Ratman SS (1987) Antenatal care: when, where, how and how much. In High risk mothers and newborns: detection, management and prevention. (eds. AR Omran, J Martin & DM Aviado), Ott, Thun, pp. 287–302.
- 76WHO & UNICEF (1996) Revised 1990 estimates of maternal mortality. A new approach by WHO and UNICEF. WHO, Geneva.
- 77WHO (1952) Comité d'experts de la maternité. Premier rapport. Etude préliminaire. SRT n°51, OMS, Geneva, 28p.
- 78WHO (1986) Maternal mortality: helping women off the road to death. WHO Chronicle40, 175–183.
- 79Williams CD, Baumslag N & Jelliffe DB (1985) Mother and child health: delivering the services. Oxford University Press, London.
- 80World Bank (1995) World Development Report 1995. Workers in an integrating world. Oxford University Press, New-York.