• AIDS Control Unit (2001) AIDS in Kenya: Background, Projections, Impact, Interventions and Policy. Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Ayieko MA (1997) From Single Parents to Child-headed Households: The Case of Children Orphaned by AIDS in Kisumu and Siaya Districts. UNDP, New York.
  • Ayisi JG, Van Eijk AM, Ter Kuile FO et al. (2000) Risk factors for HIV infection among asymptomatic pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in western Kenya. International Journal of STD & AIDS 11, 393401.
  • Bloland PB, Boriga DA, Ruebush TK et al. (1999) Longitudinal cohort study of the epidemiology of malaria infections in an area of intense malaria transmission II. Descriptive epidemiology of malaria infection and disease among children. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 60, 641648.
  • Central Bureau of Statistics (1999) 1999 Population and Housing Census. Ministry of Finance and Planning, Nairobi.
  • Desai MR, Phillips-Howard PA, Terlouw DJ et al. (2002) Recognition of pallor associated with severe anaemia by primary caregivers in western Kenya. Tropical Medicine and International Health 7, 831839.
  • Foster G (2002) Supporting community efforts to assist orphans in Africa. New England Journal of Medicine 346, 19071910.
  • Foster G, Shakespeare R, Chinemana F et al. (1995) Orphan prevalence and extended family care in a peri-urban community in Zimbabwe. AIDS Care 7, 317.
  • Hamill PV, Drizd TA, Johnson CL, Reed RB, Roche AF & Moore WM (1979) Physical growth: National Center for Health Statistics percentiles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 32, 607629.
  • Kamali A, Seeley JA, Nunn AJ, Kengeya-Kayondo JF, Ruberantwari A & Mulder DW (1996) The orphan problem: experience of a sub-Saharan Africa rural population in the AIDS epidemic. AIDS Care 8, 509515.
  • Malaria Control Unit (2000) A Simplified National Guideline on malaria control for community resource persons. Ministry of Health, Nairobi.
  • McElroy PD, Ter Kuile FO, Hightower AW et al. (2001) All-cause mortality among young children in western Kenya. VI: The Asembo Bay Cohort Project. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 64 (Suppl.), 1827.
  • Panpanich R, Brabin B, Gonani A & Graham S (1999) Are orphans at increased risk of malnutrition in Malawi? Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 19, 279285.
  • Preble EA (1990) Impact of HIV/AIDS on African children. Social Science & Medicine 31, 671680.
  • Ryder RW, Kamenga M, Nkusu M, Batter V & Heyward WL (1994) AIDS orphans in Kinshasa, Zaire: incidence and socioeconomic consequences. AIDS 8, 673679.
  • Urassa M, Boerma JT, Isingo R et al. (2001) The impact of HIV/AIDS on mortality and household mobility in rural Tanzania. AIDS 15, 20172023.
  • Ware H (1984) Effects of maternal education, women's roles and child care on child mortality. Population and Development Review 10 (Suppl.), 191214.