The selected sample of farmers and their members, is common to all disciplines. The detailed sampling method is described by Briët et al. (2003).
Malaria and property accumulation in rice production systems in the savannah zone of Côte d'Ivoire
Article first published online: 1 MAY 2003
Tropical Medicine & International Health
Volume 8, Issue 5, pages 471–483, May 2003
How to Cite
Audibert, M., Mathonnat, J. and Henry, M. C. (2003), Malaria and property accumulation in rice production systems in the savannah zone of Côte d'Ivoire. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 8: 471–483. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01051.x
They obtain the right from men to cultivate their own plots (Dey Abbas 1997).
In matrilinear societies with matrilocal residence, the woman does not live in the village of her husband. She remains in the village of her mother, that is the village of her maternal uncle. She will work on the farms of the maternal family and on her own fields (Holas 1957).
Traditionally, women do not plow. They do it manually only if they cultivate their own farms. Dey Abbas (1997) shows that although in theory women can use their resources as they want, in practice, due to men's pressure, they are less motivated to improve and invest in performing agricultural equipment.
Instead of the age structure of the households, we considered dependents (family members aged 0 and 10 and 55 and above and the rate).
Food crops (rice, maize, yams) are essentially meant for local consumption.
Food crop productions are estimated in non-homogeneous units and hardly convertible into standard units of measure unless the production is systematically weighted. For instance, maize production is estimated in ‘bunches’, a sort of braid of maize ears, which is then stocked suspended on trees or hurdles.
Ethnic sub-groups and religion are those of the heads of family. With few exceptions, they are almost the same as those of family members.
The mean size of the families depends on the religion. On the entire sample, the mean size of the family is 9.5 (SD = 6.7) among Muslims, 8.5 (SD = 4.6) among Christians and 7.3 (SD = 4.8) among animists (the difference is significant, P < 0.0001).
Whether the head is a man or a woman.
Its role as a productive factor (milk, meat and fertilizer) is of secondary importance; oxen (used to plough) were registered as part of the capital investment.
This relation could be linked with the resistance of mosquito to insecticide.
Data comply with linear models (Wald test highly significant). More flexible forms like the quadratic form in the income and age of the head of the household do not increase explanative power of regressions.
Livestock acquisition is after all an act of capital saving. Also, the older the head of family, the higher the probability he possess a large livestock.
Asked about their relative low economic results, households in R2 explained that double cropping was exhausting, a reason why they were less productive than producers in R1 (De Plaen et al. 2003).
- Issue published online: 1 MAY 2003
- Article first published online: 1 MAY 2003
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