Objectives To study a new combination, based on dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine (CV8) and atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone) for treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Vietnam.
Methods Vietnamese adults with falciparum malaria were allocated randomly to treatment with dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine/trimethoprim/primaquine 256/2560/720/40 mg (CV8, n = 84) or Malarone 3000/1200 mg (n = 81), both over 3 days. Patients were followed-up for 28 days.
Results All patients recovered rapidly. The mean (95% CI) parasite elimination half-life of CV8 was 6.8 h (6.2–7.4) and of Malarone 6.5 h (6.1–6.9) (P = 0.4). Complete parasite clearance time was 35 (31–39) and 34 h (31–38) (P = 0.9). The 28-day cure rate was 94% and 95%, respectively (odds ratio 0.84, 95% CI 0.18–3.81). No significant side-effects were found.
Conclusion CV8 and Malarone are effective combinations against multi-drug resistant falciparum malaria. CV8 has the advantage of a low price.