SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ashburner, M. 1989. Drosophila, a Laboratory Handbook.Cold Spring Harbour Press.
  • 2
    Atkinson, W.D. 1979. A field investigation of larval competition in domestic Drosophila. J. Anim. Ecol. 48: 91 102.
  • 3
    Carton, Y. & Boulétreau, M. 1985. Encapsulation ability of Drosophila melanogaster: a genetic analysis . Dev. Comp. Immunol. 9: 21 219.
  • 4
    Carton, Y. & David, J.R. 1983. Reduction of fitness in Drosophila adults surviving parasitism by a cynipid wasp. Experientia 39: 231 233.
  • 5
    Dupas, S., Brehélin, M., Frey, F., Carton, Y. 1996. Immune suppressive virus-like particles in a Drosophila parasitoid: significance of their intraspecific morphological variations. Parasitology 113: 207 212.
  • 6
    Eslin, P., Giordanengo, P., Fourdrain, Y., Prévost, G. 1996. Avoidance of encapsulation in the absence of VLP by a braconid parasitoid of Drosophila larvae: an ultrastructural study. Can. J. Zool. 74: 2193 2198.
  • 7
    Ewing, A.W. 1964. The influence of wing area on the courtship behaviour of Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 12: 316 320.
  • 8
    Fellowes, M.D.E., Kraaijeveld, A.R. & Godfray, H.C.J. 1998a. Trade-off associated with selection for increased ability to resist parasitoid attack in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 1553–1558.
  • 9
    Fellowes, M.D.E., Masnatta, P., Kraaijeveld, A.R. & Godfray, H.C.J. 1998b. Pupal parasitoid attack influences the relative fitness of Drosophila that have encapsulated larval parasitoids. Ecol. Entomol. 23: 281–284.
  • 10
    Fisher, R.C. 1963. Oxygen requirements and the physiological suppression of supernumary insect parasitoids. J. Exp. Biol. 38: 605 628.
  • 11
    Godfray, H.C.J. 1994. Parasitoids: Behavioural and Evolutionary Ecology.Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • 12
    Kraaijeveld, A.R., Emmett, D.A., Godfray, H.C.J. 1997. Absence of direct sexual selection for parasitoid resistance in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Evol. Biol. 10: 337 342.
  • 13
    Kraaijeveld, A.R. & Godfray, H.C.J. 1997. Trade-off between parasitoid resistance and larval competitive ability in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 389: 278 280.
  • 14
    Kraaijeveld, A.R. & Van Alphen, J.J.M. 1994. Geographical variation in resistance of the parasitoid Asobara tabida against encapsulation by Drosophila melanogaster larvae: the mechanism explored. Physiol. Ent. 19: 9 14.
  • 15
    Kraaijeveld, A.R. & Van Alphen, J.J.M. 1995. Geographical variation in encapsulation ability of Drosophila melanogaster larvae and evidence for parasitoid-specific components. Evol. Ecol. 9: 10 17.
  • 16
    Markow, T.A., Quaid, M., Kerr, S. 1978. Male mating experience and competitive courtship success in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 276: 821 822.
  • 17
    Nappi, A.J., Vass, E., Frey, F., Carton, Y. 1995. Superoxide anion generation in Drosophila during melanotic encapsulation of parasites . Eur. J. Cell Biol. 68: 450 456.
  • 18
    Partridge, L. & Farquhar, M. 1983. Lifetime mating success of male fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) is related to their size . Anim. Behav. 31: 871 877.
  • 19
    Rosewell, J. & Shorrocks, B. 1987. The implications of survival rates in natural populations of Drosophila: capture-recapture experiments on domestic species . Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 32: 373 384.
  • 20
    Salt, G. 1970. The Cellular Defence Reactions of Insects.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • 21
    Santos, M., Fowler, K., Partridge, L. 1994. Gene–environment interaction for body size and larval density in Drosophila melanogaster: an investigation of effects on development time, thorax length and adult sex ratio . Heredity 72: 515 521.
  • 22
    Strand, M.R. & Pech, L.L. 1995. Immunological basis for compatibility in parasitoid-host relationships. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 40: 31 56.
  • 23
    Washburn, J.O., Kirkpatrick, B.A., Volkman, L.E. 1996. Insect protection against viruses. Nature 383: 767.