SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Baker, A.J. & Marshall, H.D. 1997. Mitochondrial control-region sequences as tools for understanding the evolution of avian taxa. In: Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics (D. P. Mindell, ed.), pp. 51–82. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
  • 2
    Berg, T., Moum, T., Johansen, S. 1995. Variable number of simple tandem repeats make birds of the order Ciconiiformes heteroplasmic in their mitochondrial genomes. Curr. Genet. 27: 257 262.
  • 3
    Blokpoel, H. & Scharf, W.C. 1991. The Ring-billed gull in the Great Lakes of North America. In: Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, pp. 2372–2377. New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board, Wellington, New-Zealand.
  • 4
    Bochenski, Z. 1997. List of European fossil bird species. Acta Zool. Cracov. 40: 293 333.
  • 5
    Bretagnolle, V. 1993. Adaptive significance of seabird coloration: the case of Procellariiformes. Am. Nat. 142: 141 173.
  • 6
    Chu, P.C. 1998. A phylogeny of the gulls (Aves: Larinae) inferred from osteological and integumentary characters. Cladistics 14: 1 43.DOI: 10.1006/clad.1997.0051
  • 7
    Cramp, S. & Simmons, K.E.L., eds. 1983. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Vol. 3, Waders to Gulls. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 8
    Desjardins, P. & Morais, R. 1990. Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. A novel gene order in higher vertebrates. J. Mol. Biol. 212: 599 634.
  • 9
    Dwight, J. 1925. The gulls (Laridae) of the world: their plumages, moults, variations, relationships and distribution. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 52: 63 401.
  • 10
    Felsenstein, J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783 791.
  • 11
    Felsenstein, J. 1993. Phylip: Phylogeny Inference Package, Version 3.57c. Dept. of Genet., University of Washington, Seattle.
  • 12
    Friesen, V.L. & Anderson, D.J. 1997. Phylogeny and evolution of the Sulidae (Aves: Pelecaniformes): a test for alternative modes of speciation. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 7: 252 260.
  • 13
    Friesen, V.L., Baker, A.J., Piatt, J.F. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships within the Alcidae (Charadriiformes: aves) inferred from total molecular evidence. Mol. Biol. Evol. 13: 359 367.
  • 14
    Grant, P.J. 1982. Gulls, a Guide to Identification. Poyser, Calton, UK.
  • 15
    Harris, M.P. 1970. Breeding ecology of the swallow-tailed gull,Creagrus furcatus. Auk 87: 215 243.
  • 16
    Del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A., Sargatal, J., eds. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9, Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • 17
    Isenmann, P. 1976. Contribution à l’étude de la biologie de la reproduction et de l’étho-écologie du Goéland railleur, Larus genei. Ardea 64: 48 61.
  • 18
    Isenmann, P., Lebreton, J.D., Brandl, R. 1991. The Black-headed gull in Europe. In: Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, pp. 2384–2389. New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board, Wellington, New-Zealand.
  • 19
    Jouventin, P. & Mougin, J.-L. 1981. The adaptive strategies of seabirds. Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 35: 217 272.
  • 20
    Kitson, A.R. 1980. Larus relictus– a review. Bull. B. O.C. 100: 178 185.
  • 21
    Kumar, S., Tamura, K., Nei, M. 1993. MEGA: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis, Version 1.01. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
  • 22
    Li, W.-H. & Graur, D. 1991. Fundamentals of Molecular Evolution. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
  • 23
    Marshall, H.D. & Baker, A.J. 1997. Structural conservation and variation in the mitochondrial control region of Fringilline finches (Fringilla spp.) and the Greenfinch (Carduelis chloris) . Mol. Biol. Evol. 14: 173 184.
  • 24
    Meathrel, C.E., Mills, J.A., Wooller, R.D. 1991. The Silver gull in Australia and New-Zealand. In: Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, pp. 2390–2395. New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board, Wellington, New-Zealand.
  • 25
    Milne-Edwards, A. 1867. Recherches anatomiques et paléontologiques pour servir à l’histoire des oiseaux fossiles de la France, I. Editions Martinets, Paris.
  • 26
    Mindel, D.P., ed. 1997. Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • 27
    Moum, T., Johansen, S., Erikstad, K.E., Piatt, J.F. 1994. Phylogeny and evolution of the auks (subfamily Alcinae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 7912 7916.
  • 28
    Moynihan, M. 1959. A revision of the family Laridae (Aves). Amer. Mus. Novitates 1928: 1 42.
  • 29
    Olson, S.L. 1985. The fossil records of birds. In: Avian Biology, Vol. 8 (D. S. Farner, J. R. King & , K. C. Parkes, eds), pp. 79–252. Academic Press, New-York.
  • 30
    Richman, A.D. & Price, T. 1992. Evolution of ecological differences in the Old World leaf warblers. Nature 355: 817 821.
  • 31
    Sbisà, E., Tanzariello, F., Reyes, A., Pesole, G., Saccone, C. 1997. Mammalian mitochondrial D-loop region structural analysis: identification of new conserved sequences and their functional and evolutionary implications. Gene 205: 125 140.DOI: 10.1016/s0378-1119(97)00404-6
  • 32
    Schnell, G.D. 1970a. A phenetic study of the suborder Lari (Aves) I. Methods and results of principal components analyses. Syst. Zool. 19: 35 57.
  • 33
    Schnell, G.D. 1970b. A phenetic study of the suborder Lari (Aves) II. Phenograms, discussion, and conclusions. Syst. Zool. 19: 264 302.
  • 34
    Shields, G.F. & Helm-Bychowski, K.M. 1988. Mitochondrial DNA of birds. Current Ornith. 5: 273 295.
  • 35
    Sibley, C.G. & Ahlquist, J.F. 1990. Phylogeny and Classification of Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
  • 36
    Sibley, C.G. & Monroe, B.L., Jr. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
  • 37
    Spaans, A.L., Coulson, J.C., Migot, P., Monaghan, P., Prüter, J., Vauk, G. 1991. The Herring gull in North-western Europe. In: Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, pp. 2365–2371. New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board, Wellington, New-Zealand.
  • 38
    Taberlet, P. & Fumagalli, L. 1996. Owl pellets as a source of DNA for genetic studies of small mammals. Mol. Ecol. 5: 301 305.
  • 39
    Van Tyne, J. & Berger, A.J. 1971. Fundamentals of Ornithology. Dover Publications, New York.
  • 40
    Vermeer, K. & Irons, D.B. 1991. The Glaucous-winged gull on the Pacific coast of North America). In: Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, pp. 2378–2383. New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board, Wellington, New Zealand.