SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bancroft, D.R., Pemberton, J.M., King, P. 1995. Extensive protein and microsatellite variability in an isolated, cyclic ungulate population. Heredity 74: 326 336.
  • 2
    Birkhead, T.R. & Møller, A.P. 1992. Sperm Competition in Birds: Evolutionary Causes and Consequences. Academic Press, London.
  • 3
    Boag, P.T. & Grant, P.R. 1978. Heritability of external morphology in Darwin’s finches. Nature 274: 793 794.
  • 4
    Boag, P.T. & Grant, P.R. 1981. Intense natural selection in a population of Darwin’s finches (Geospizinae) in the Galápagos. Science 214: 82 85.
  • 5
    Boag, P.T. & Van Noordwijk, A.J. 1987. Quantitative genetics. In: Avian Genetics. A Population and Ecological Approach (F. Cooke & P. A. Buckley, eds), pp. 45–78 Academic Press, London.
  • 6
    Boyd, J.M. & Jewell, P.A. 1974. The Soay sheep and their environment: a synthesis. In: Island Survivors. The Ecology of the Soay Sheep of St. Kilda (P. A. Jewell, C. Milner & J. M. Boyd, eds), pp. 360–373. The Athlone Press, University of London, London.
  • 7
    Cheverud, J.M. & Dittus, W.P.J. 1992. Primate population studies at Polonnaruwa. II. Heritability of body measurements in a natural population of Toqu macaques (Macaca sinica) . Am. J. Primatol. 27: 145 156.
  • 8
    Clutton-Brock, J. 1981. Domesticated Animals from Early Times. British Museum (Natural History) and Heinemann, London.
  • 9
    Clutton-Brock, T.H., Price, O.F., Albon, S.D., Jewell, P.A. 1991. Persistent instability and population regulation in Soay sheep. J. Anim. Ecol. 60: 593 608.
  • 10
    Clutton-Brock, T.H., Price, O.F., Albon, S.D., Jewell, P.A. 1992. Early development and population fluctuations in Soay sheep. J. Anim. Ecol. 61: 381 396.
  • 11
    Coltman, D.W., Smith, J.A., Bancroft, D.R., Pilkington, J.G., MacColl, A.D.C., Clutton-Brock, T.H., Pemberton, J.M. 1999. Density-dependent variation in lifetime breeding success, natural and sexual selection in Soay rams. Am. Nat. 154: 730 746.
  • 12
    Dhondt, A.A. 1982. Heritability of blue tit tarsus length from normal and cross-fostered broods. Evolution 36: 418 419.
  • 13
    Falconer, D.S. & Mackay, T.F.C. 1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. Longman, Harlow, Essex.
  • 14
    Fitzhugh, H.A. 1975. Analysis of growth curves and strategies for altering their shape. J. Anim. Sci. 42: 1036 1051.
  • 15
    Genstat, 5 Committee. 1993. Genstat 5 Release 3 Reference Manual. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • 16
    Grant, P.R. 1986. Ecology and Evolution of Darwin’s Finches. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
  • 17
    Grant, P.R., Grant, B.R., Smith, J.N.M., Abbott, I., Abbott, L.K. 1976. Darwin’s finches, population variation and natural selection. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 73: 257 261.
  • 18
    Grenfell, B.T., Price, O.F., Albon, S.D., Clutton-Brock, T.H. 1992. Over-compensation and population cycles in an ungulate. Nature 355: 283 286.
  • 19
    Grenfell, B.T., Wilson, K., Finkenstädt, B.F., Coulson, T.N., Murray, S., Albon, S.D., Pemberton, J.M., Clutton-Brock, T.H., Crawley, M.J. 1998. Noise and determinism in synchronised sheep dynamics. Nature 394: 674 677.
  • 20
    Griffith, S.C., Owens, I.P.F., Burke, T. 1999. Environmental determination of a sexually selected trait. Nature 400: 358 360.
  • 21
    Grubb, P. 1974. Social organisation of Soay sheep and the behaviour of ewes and lambs. In: Island Survivors. The Ecology of the Soay Sheep of St. Kilda (P. A. Jewell, C. Milner & J. M. Boyd, eds), pp. 131–159. The Athlone Press, University of London, London.
  • 22
    Gulland, F.M.D. & Fox, M. 1992. Epidemiology of nematode infections of Soay sheep (Ovis aries L.) mortality during a population crash. Parasitology 105: 481 492.
  • 23
    Hartley, H.O. 1967. Expectations, variances and covariances of Anova mean squares by ‘synthesis’. Biometrics 23: 105 114.
  • 24
    Hastie, T.J. & Tibshirani, R.J. 1990. Generalised Additive Models. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • 25
    Henderson, C.R. 1972. Sire evaluation and genetic trends. In: Proceedings of the Animal Breeding and Genetics Symposium in honour of Jay L. Lush (eds), pp. 10–41. Virginia, USA.
  • 26
    Hoeschele, I., Gianola, D., Foulley, J.-L. 1987. Estimation of variance components with quasi-continuous data using Baysian methods. J. Anim. Breed. Genet. 104: 334 349.
  • 27
    Houle, D. 1992. Comparing evolvability and variability of quantitative traits. Genetics 130: 195 204.
  • 28
    Illius, A.W., Albon, S.D., Pemberton, J.M., Gordon, I.J., Clutton-Brock, T.H. 1995. Selection for foraging efficiency during a population crash in Soay sheep. J. Anim. Ecol. 64: 481 492.
  • 29
    Illius, A.W. & Gordon, I.J. 1987. The allometry of food intake in grazing ruminants. J. Anim. Ecol. 56: 989 999.
  • 30
    Jewell, P.A., Milner, C., Boyd, J.M. 1974. Island Survivors. The ecology of the Soay sheep of St. Kilda. The Athlone Press, University of London, London.
  • 31
    Kennedy, B.W. 1989. Animal-Model BLUP. Erasmus Intensive Graduate Course 20–26 August 1989. Center for Genetic Improvement of Livestock, University of Guelph, Canada.
  • 32
    Knott, S.A., Sibly, R.M., Smith, R.H., Møller, H. 1995. Maximum likelihood estimation of genetic parameters in life-history studies using the ‘Animal Model’. Func. Ecol. 9: 122 126.
  • 33
    Kruuk, L.E.B., Clutton-Brock, T.H., Slate, J., Pemberton, J.M., Brotherstone, S., Guinness, F.E. 2000. Heritability of fitness in a wild mammal population. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 97: 698 703.
  • 34
    Larsgard, A.G. & Olesen, I. 1998. Genetic parameters for direct and maternal effects on weights and ultrasonic muscle and fat depth in lambs. Livest. Prod. Sci. 55: 273 278.
  • 35
    Lynch, M. & Walsh, B. 1998. Genetics and Analysis of Quantitative Traits. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • 36
    Marshall, T.C., Slate, J., Kruuk, L.E.B., Pemberton, J.M. 1998. Statistical confidence for likelihood-based paternity inference in natural populations. Molec. Ecol. 7: 639 655.
  • 37
    McCullagh, P. & Nelder, J.A. 1989. Generalized Linear Models. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • 38
    Meyer, K. 1991. Estimating variances and covariances for multivariate animal models by restricted maximum likelihood. Genet. Selec. Evol. 23: 67 83.
  • 39
    Milner, J.M., Albon, S.D., Illius, A.W., Pemberton, J.M., Clutton-Brock, T.H. 1999. Repeated selection of morphometric traits in the Soay sheep on St. Kilda. J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 472 488.
  • 40
    Mousa, E., Van Vleck, L.D., Leymaster, K.A. 1999. Genetic parameters for growth traits for a composite terminal sire breed of sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 77: 1659 1665.
  • 41
    Mousseau, T.A., Ritland, K., Heath, D.D. 1998. A novel method for estimating heritability using molecular markers. Heredity 80: 218 224.
  • 42
    Mousseau, T.A. & Roff, D.A. 1987. Natural selection and the heritability of fitness components. Heredity 59: 181 197.
  • 43
    Näsholm, A. & Danell, Ö. 1996. Genetic relationships of lamb weight, maternal ability and mature ewe weight in Swedish finewool sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 74: 329 339.
  • 44
    Van Noordwijk, A.J., Van Balen, J.H., Scharloo, W. 1988. Heritability of body size in a natural population of the Great Tit (Parus major) and its relation to age and environmental conditions during growth . Genet. Res. Camb. 51: 149 162.
  • 45
    Paterson, S. & Pemberton, J.M. 1997. No evidence for major histocompatibility complex-dependent mating patterns in a free-living ruminant population. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264: 1813 1819.
  • 46
    Pemberton, J.M., Coltman, D.W., Smith, J.A., Pilkington, J.G. 1999. Molecular analysis of a promiscuous, fluctuating mating system. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 68: 289 301.
  • 47
    Réale, D., Festa-Bianchet, M., Jorgenson, J.T. 1999. Heritability of body mass varies with age and season in wild bighorn sheep. Heredity 83: 526 532.
  • 48
    Ricklefs, R.E. & Peters, S. 1981. Parental components of variance in growth rate and body size of nestling European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in eastern Pennsylvania . Auk 98: 39 48.
  • 49
    Ritland, K. 1996. Marker-based method for inferences about quantitative inheritance in natural populations. Evolution 50: 1062 1073.
  • 50
    Shaw, R.G. 1987. Maximum likelihood approaches applied to quantitative genetics of natural populations. Evolution 41: 812 826.
  • 51
    Southwood, O.I. & Kennedy, B.W. 1990. Estimation of direct and maternal genetic variance for litter size in Canadian Yorkshire and Landrace swine using an animal model. J. Anim. Sci. 68: 1841 1847.
  • 52
    Thomas, S.C. & Hill, W.G. 2000. Estimating quantitative genetic parameters using sib-ships reconstructed from marker data. Genetics 155: 1961 1972.
  • 53
    Thomas, S.C., Pemberton, J.M., Hill, W.G. 2000. Estimating variance components in natural populations using inferred relationships. Heredity 84: 427 436.
  • 54
    Yazdi, M.H., Engstrom, G., Näsholm, A., Johansson, K., Jorgani, H., Liljedahl, L.E. 1997. Genetic parameters for lamb weight at different ages and wool production in Baluchi sheep. Anim. Sci. 65: 247 255.