Subject index


Behaviour

Teleogryllus oceanicus; cricket song; geographic variation: 731–741

Asobara tabida; host selection; behaviour; parasitoid; encapsulation; Drosophila: 742–745

Chromosomal evolution

Yeast; ploidy; nutrient limitation; fitness; cell geometry; temperature; competition experiments; growth rate: 157–170

Leaf-warblers; hybrid zone; mtDNA; microsatellites; reproductive isolation; Haldane’s rule: 277–287

Clonal reproduction; deleterious mutations; environmental stress; heterozygosity; hybridogenesis; Rana esculenta complex; tadpoles: 602–610

Sexual selection; hybrid zone; speciation; fitness surface; Littorina saxatilis:773–785

Development and morphology

Life history plasticity; sexual selection; protandry; development; temperature; Lepidoptera: 210–218

Reaction norm; differentiation rate; growth rate; Sharpe–Schoolfield equation; temperature adaptation; body size: 267–276

Developmental stability; fluctuating asymmetry; fitness; quality; Bayesian statistics; latent variable: 552–563

Bilateral asymmetry; lateral plastes; parasitism; immunocompetence; diet; extreme ohenotypes; Gasterosteus; stickleback: 632–645

Asymmetry; variance components; three-dimensional co-ordinates; Eidolon helvum;Rousettus egyptiacus; fruit bats; Gulf of Guinea: 663–671

Fluctuating asymmetry; geographic variation; Eidolon helvum; Rouettus egyptiacus; fruit bats; Gulf of Guinea: 672–680

Ecological genetics

Heritability; genetic correlation; G matrix; quantitative genetics; Flury hierarchy; crickets: 1–13

Drosophila melanogaster; larval growth efficiency; temperature; geographic variation: 14–21

Evolution; heat shock; survival; temperature; stress; trade-offs: 75–82

Adaptation; Datura stramonium; defence; herbivory; phenotypic selection; leaf trichomes: 424–432

Adaptive plasticity; density responses; Picea omorika; plasticity costs; shade avoidance syndrome; trait correlations: 444–455

Ants; kin selection; local resource competition; Myrmica; relatedness asymmetry; reproductive allocation; reproductive conflicts; sex allocation: 694–705

Adaptive growth rate; temperature; Rana temporia: 755–763

Plesiosaur; sauropterygia; aspect ratio; flight; ecomorphology: 987–991

Experimental evolution

Butterfly; captive breeding; population genetics; sperm competition; mating success: 148–156

Spontaneous mutation; gene interaction; fitness; Saccharomyces cerevisiae: 310–316

Coinfection; competition; experimental evolution; fitness; superinfection; vesicular stomatitits virus; viral evolution: 654–662

Life history evolution

Ageing; longevity; disposable soma theory; life history; mortality; reproductive patterns; resource allocation: 180–185

Drosophila; life history; selection experiments; assay environment; genotype-environment interaction: 199–209

Fitness; direct effects; kin selection; maternal effects; natural selection: 347–356

Life history strategies; stochastic environments; density dependence; long-term dormancy; timing of reproduction; hatching rate; evolutionarily stable strategies; freshwater invertebrates; temporary habitats: 357–367

Bet-hedging; copying; mate choice; mating skew: 418–423

Twins; fertility; polyovulation; anthropometric status: 433–443

Reproductive effort; cost of reproduction; life histories; trade-off: 795–804

Spotless starling; sex ratio; differential mortality; early breeding; egg size; parental investment: 829–834

Energy partitioning models; insects; fecundity function; senescence: 835–840

Natural selection; conflicting selection; correlational selection; adaptive landscape; finches: 841–850

Coevolution; parasite; virulence; life history; bifurcation; trade-off: 967–979

Molecular evolution

DNA polymorphism; Drosophila madeirensis;Drosophila subobscura; speciation; rp49 gene: 502–518

Hierarchy; evolutionary trends; complexity; major transitions: 502–518

Allozymes; Fst; genetic drift; geographic variation; microsatellites; natural selection; neutral models; Qst: 892–903

Phenotypic plasticity and g × e interactions

Trade-offs; antagonistic pleiotropy; polymorphism; alcohol; adaptation; environmental homogeneity; phenotypic plasticity: 296–309

Postmating reproductive isolation; underdominance; inviability; sterility; reaction norm: 490–501

Population and quantitative genetics

Heritability; genetic correlation; G matrix; quantitative genetics; Flury hierarchy; crickets: 1–13

Evolution of sex; developmental constraints; heterozygosity; quantitative genetics: 68–74

Butterfly; captive breeding; population genetics; sperm competition; mating success: 148–156

Evolutionary response equation; genetic correlations; natural selection; quantitative genetics; sexual selection; sexual size dimorphism: 244–254

Trade-offs; antagonistic pleiotropy; polymorphism; alcohol; adaptation; environmental homogeneity; phenotypic plasticity: 296–309

Spontaneous mutation; gene interaction; fitness; Saccharomyces cerevisiae.: 310–316

Artificial selection; Brassica rapa; correlated responses; floral traits; heritability; pollen size; sexual selection:456–468

Floral display; size-number trade-offs; quantitative genetics; Eichhornia paniculata; Pontederiaceae: 469–481

Postmating reproductive isolation; underdominance; inviability; sterility; reaction norm: 490–501

Correlational selection; floral integration; flower morphology; Labiatae; phenotypic integration; pollen removal; pollination: 574–584

Bottleneck; conservation; Drosophila; founder-flush; inbreeding depression; purging: 595–601

Heritability; genetic correlation; immune function; encapsulation; haemocyte load; body size; sexual selection; cricket: 646–653

Asymmetry; variance components; three-dimensional co- ordinates; Eidolon helvum;Rousettus egyptiacus; fruit bats; Gulf of Guinea: 663–671

Allium vineale; reproductive variation; reproductive characters; asexual reproduction; genetic variation; RAPD: 721–730

Asobara tabida; host selection; behaviour; parasitoid; encapsulation; Drosophila: 742–745

Natural selection; conflicting selection; correlational selection; adaptive landscape; finches: 841–850

Allozymes; Fst; genetic drift; geographic variation; microsatellites; natural selection; neutral models; Qst: 892–903

Animal model; body mass index; breeding value; condition; dominance variance, fitness; heritability; natural selection: 918–929

(Meta)population structure

Butterfly; captive breeding; population genetics; sperm competition; mating success: 148–156

Genetic divergence; endogamy; habitat preferences; Mustela; polymorphism; sympatric differentiation: 228–236

Leaf-warblers; hybrid zone; mtDNA; microsatellites; reproductive isolation; Haldane’s rule: 277–287

Allozymes; asexual reproduction; genetic variation; gene flow; microsatellites; Polytrichum formosum; population differentiation; reproductive system; sexual reproduction: 288–295

Microsatellites; nestmate relatedness; Nothomyrmecia macrops; polyandry; ‘primitive ants’; sperm-typing: 368–378

Adaptation; coevolution; island syndrome; life-history; metapopulation: 539–551

Kin selection; social structure; microsatellites; ponerine ants; Rhytidoponera metallica: 564–573

Bottleneck; conservation; Drosophila; founder-flush; inbreeding depression; purging: 595–601

Speciation; disruptive selection; clines; AFLP; Littorina: 611–619

Myotis; Chiroptera; mitochondrial DNA; control region; microsatellite; population structure; dispersal; Alps; contact zone: 706–720

Teleogryllus oceanicus; cricket song; geographic variation: 731–741

Social insects; Hymenoptera; kin selection; spite; unicoloniality; population structure: 954–958

Sex and reproductive systems

Simultaneous hermaphroditism; sex allocation; size-dependent sex allocation; local resource competition; local mate competition; time commitment hypothesis; selfing; parasite; histology; stereology: 55–67

Evolution of sex; developmental constraints; heterozygosity; quantitative genetics: 68–74

Evolution of mating systems; androdioecy; selfing; outcrossing; freshwater crustaceans: 83–94

Cost of sex; recombination; parhenogenesis; parasite hypothesis; mutation hypothesis; protozoa; Dugesia;Platyhelminthes: 110–119

Sex allocation; facultative adjustment; operational sex ratio; lizard: 120–128

Clonal reproduction; geitonogamy; inbreeding depression; plant mating system; marine angiosperm; microsatellite; Zostera marina: 129–138

Polyandry; sexual selection; mating; reproduction; Tribolium castaneum; Coleoptera; Tenebrionidae: 186–193

Allozymes; asexual reproduction; genetic variation; gene flow; microsatellites; Polytrichum formosum; population differentiation; reproductive system; sexual reproduction: 288–295

Immunology; mutation; parasites; recombination; Red Queen; sex: 333–337

Microsatellites; nestmate relatedness; Nothomyrmecia macrops; polyandry; ‘primitive ants’; sperm-typing: 368–378

Wolbachia; feminisation; symbiont; mating behaviour; mate choice: 388–394

Floral display; size-number trade-offs; quantitative genetics; Eichhornia paniculata; Pontederiaceae: 469–481

Kin selection; social structure; microsatellites; ponerine ants; Rhytidoponera metallica: 564–573

Correlational selection; floral integration; flower morphology; Labiatae; phenotypic integration; pollen removal; pollination: 574–584

Teleogryllus oceanicus; polyandry; sperm competition; offspring viability: 585–594

Genomic conflict; interesexual conflict; ontogenetic conflict; ontogeny; sexual dimorphism: 685–693

Ants; kin selection; local resource competition; Myrmica; relatedness asymmetry; reproductive allocation; reproductive conflicts; sex allocation: 694–705

Allium vineale; reproductive variation; reproductive characters; asexual reproduction; genetic variation; RAPD: 721–730

Sexual conflict; Lepidoptera; refractory period; apyrene sperm; nuptial gifts; polyandry; sperm competition: 746–754

Reproductive effort; cost of reproduction; life histories; trade-off: 795–804

Spotless starling; sex ratio; differential mortality; early breeding; egg size; parental investment: 829–834

Cestode; histology; local mate competition; mating group size; parasite; sex allocation; sperm competition; simultaneous hermaphrodite; size-dependent sex allocation; stereology: 942–953

Social insects; Hymenoptera; kin selection; spite; unicoloniality; population structure: 954–958

Araneae; cannibalism; Eresidae; evolution of sociality; kin recognition; kin discrimination; spider; Stegodyphus lineatus; subsocial; tolerance: 959–966

Coregonus; Pseudomonas fluorescens; good genes hypotheses; parasite-drive sexual selection; genetic heterogeneity; parasite resistance; conservation; supportive breeding; fish hatchery; breeding tubercles: 980–987

Sexual selection

Differential investment; breeding cycle; eggs; immunoglobuloins immunity; maternal effects; parasitism; sexual dimorphism; sexual selection: 95–109

Evolutionary response equation; genetic correlations; natural selection; quantitative genetics; sexual selection; sexual size dimorphism: 244–254

Barn owl; female ornamentation; genetic correlation; good genes; sexual selection: 255–266

Wolbachia; feminisation; symbiont; mating behaviour; mate choice: 388–394

Bet-hedging; copying; mate choice; mating skew: 418–423

Artificial selection; Brassica rapa; correlated responses; floral traits; heritability; pollen size; sexual selection: 456–468

Heritability; genetic correlation; immune function; encapsulation; haemocyte load; body size; sexual selection; cricket: 646–653

Genomic conflict; interesexual conflict; ontogenetic conflict; ontogeny; sexual dimorphism: 685–693

Sexual conflict; mate-guarding; mating cost; energy expenditure; energy storage: 763–772

Sexual selection; hybrid zone; speciation; fitness surface; Littorina saxatilis: 773–785

Coregonus;Pseudomonas fluorescens; good genes hypotheses; parasite-drive sexual selection; genetic heterogeneity; parasite resistance; conservation; supportive breeding; fish hatchery; breeding tubercles: 980–987

Speciation, systematics and phylogeny

Phylogeography; Plasmodium azurophilum; malaria; Anolis; nested clade analysis; cytochrome b; Caribbean; vector-borne parasites; island biogeography: 34–45

Simultaneous hermaphroditism; ex allocation; size-dependent sex allocation; local resource competition; local mate competition; time commitment hypothesis; selfing; parasite; histology; stereology: 55–67

Cost of sex; recombination; parthenogenesis; parasite hypothesis; mutation hypothesis; protozoa; Dugesia; Platyhelminthes: 110–119

colonization; diversification; mitochondrial DNA; Canary Islands; Coleoptera: 139–147

18S rDNA; phylogeny; Porifera; new phyla; metazoan origin: 171–179

Imbalance; species-richness; macroevolution; hoverflies; adaptive radiation; sister clade comparisons: 219–227

Leaf-warblers; hybrid zone; mtDNA; microsatellites; reproductive isolation; Haldane’s rule: 277–287

Life-history evolution; mutation accumulation; parasites; popula- tion growth; R0 trade-offs; virulence: 317–324

Eretmodini; ecomorphology; adaptation; geometric morphometrics; comparative method; phylogenetic regression; thin-plate spline: 325–332

Immunology; mutation; parasites; recombination; Red Queen; sex: 333–337

DNA polymorphism; Drosophila madeirensis;Drosophila subobscura; speciation; rp49 gene: 379–387

Wolbachia; feminisation; symbiont; mating behaviour; mate choice: 388–394

Coevolution; colonial seabirds; host-parasite interactions; host specificity; Ixodes; microsatellites; speciation: 395–405

Parasitoid-host interactions; host location; geographic differences; population structure; mtDNA phylogeography: 406–417

Adaptation; Datura stramonium; defence; herbivory; phenotypic selection; leaf trichomes: 424–432

Postmating reproductive isolation; underdominance; inviability; sterility; reaction norm: 490–501

Mitochondrial DAN; Bothrops; Atlantic forest; phylogeny; multivariate morphometrics; matrix correspondence tests: 527–538

Adaptation; coevolution; island syndrome; life-history; metapopulation: 539–551

Speciation; disruptive selection; clines; AFLP; Littorina: 611–619

Parametric bootstrap; Kishino-Hasegawa test; phylogeny; hypothesis: 620–631

Bilateral asymmetry; lateral plastes; parasitism; immunocompetence; diet; extreme ohenotypes; Gasterosteus; stickleback: 632–645

Coinfection; competition; experimental evolution; fitness; superinfection; vesicular stomatitits virus; viral evolution: 654–662

Araneidae; decoration; stabilimentum; Argope keyserlingi; foraging behaviour; predation; visual signal: 786–794

Wolbachia; male killing; cytoplasmic incompatibility; Attini; sympatric speciation: 805–814

Complex life cycle; cross-fertilisation; parasites; predators; self-fertilisation; trophic transmission: 815–820

Phage virus; prisoner’s dilemma; co-operation; parasite; group behaviour; quasispecies: 821–828

Adaptation; speciation; species concept; sexual selection: 851–865

Adaptive radiation; Anolis; Caribbean; Lesser Antilles; lizard: 904–910

Costs of resistance; Cuscuta europaea; host plant–parasitic plant interaction; resistance; tolerance; Urtica dioica: 910–917

Mitochondrial control region, population expansion, colonisation, effective population size, gene flow, Ice-Ages: 930–941

Coevolution; parasite; virulence; life history; bifurcation; trade-off: 967–979

Species interactions and coevolution

Simultaneous hermaphroditism; ex allocation; size-dependent sex allocation; local resource competition; local mate competition; time commitment hypothesis; selfing; parasite; histology; stereology: 55–67

Cost of sex; recombination; parthenogenesis; parasite hypothesis; mutation hypothesis; protozoa; Dugesia;Platyhelminthes: 110–119

Life-history evolution; mutation accumulation; parasites; population growth; R0 trade-offs; virulence: 317–324

Immunology; mutation; parasites; recombination; Red Queen; sex: 333–337

Wolbachia; feminisation; symbiont; mating behaviour; mate choice: 388–394

Coevolution; colonial seabirds; host-parasite interactions; host specificity; Ixodes; microsatellites; speciation: 395–405

Parasitoid-host interactions; host location; geographic differences; population structure; mtDNA phylogeography: 406–417

Adaptation; Datura stramonium; defence; herbivory; phenotypic selection; leaf trichomes: 424–432

Adaptation; coevolution; island syndrome; life-history; metapopulation: 539–551

Bilateral asymmetry; lateral plastes; parasitism; immunocompetence; diet; extreme ohenotypes; Gasterosteus; stickleback: 632–645

Co-infection; competition; experimental evolution; fitness; superinfection; vesicular stomatitits virus; viral evolution: 654–662

Araneidae; decoration; stabilimentum; Argope keyserlingi; foraging behaviour; predation; visual signal: 786–794

Wolbachia; male killing; cytoplasmic incompatibility; Attini; sympatric speciation: 805–814

Complex life cycle; cross-fertilisation; parasites; predators; self-fertilisation; trophic transmission: 815–820

Phage virus; prisoner’s dilemma; co-operation; parasite; group behaviour; quasispecies; 821–828

Costs of resistance; Cuscuta europaea; host plant–parasitic plant interaction; resistance; tolerance; Urtica dioica.: 910–917

Coevolution; parasite; virulence; life history; bifurcation; trade-off: 967–979

Other

Phage virus; prisoner’s dilemma; co-operation; parasite; group behaviour; quasispecies: 821–828

Ancillary