SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ågren, J. 1996. Population size, pollinator limitation, and seed set in the self-incompatible herb Lythrum salicaria. Ecology 77: 17791790.
  • Ågren, J. & Schemske, D.W. 1994. Evolution of trichome number in a naturalized population of Brassica rapa. Am. Nat. 143: 113.
  • Ågren, J. & Willson, M.F. 1994. Cost of seed production in the perennial herbs Geranium maculatum and G. sylvaticum: an experimental field-study. Oikos 70: 3542.
  • Antonovics, J., Bradshaw, A.D. & Turner, R.G. 1971. Heavy metal tolerance in plants. Adv. Ecol. Res. 7: 185.
  • Brody, A.K. 1997. Effects of pollinators, herbivores and seed predators on flowering phenology. Ecology 76: 16241631.
  • Burdon, J.J., Thrall, P.H. & Brown, A.H.D. 1999. Resistance and virulence structure in two Linum marginale-melampsora lini host-pathogen metapopulations with different mating systems. Evolution 53: 704716.
  • Crawley, M.J. 1993. GLIM for Ecologists. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
  • Donohue, K. & Schmitt, J. 1998. Maternal environmental effects in plants: adaptive plasticity? In: Maternal Effects as Adaptations (T. A.Mousseau & C. W.Fox, eds), pp. 137158. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Dorn, L.A. & Mitchell-Olds, T. 1991. Genetics of Brassica campestris. I. Genetic constraints on evolution of life-history characters. Evolution 45: 371379.
  • Gray, A.J. 1997. Climate change and the reproductive biology of higher plants. In: Past and Future Rapid Environmental Changes: the Spatial and Evolutionary Responses of Terrestrial Biota (B.Huntley et al., eds.), NATO ASI Series, Vol. 47, pp. 371380. Springer, Berlin.
  • Hambäck, P.A., Ågren, J. & Ericson, L. 2000. Associational resistance: insect damage to purple loosestrife reduced in thickets of sweet gale. Ecology 81: 17841794.
  • Holm, S. 1979. A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scand. J. Stat. 6: 6570.
  • Hultén, E. & Fries, M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants North of the Tropic of Cancer. IIII. Koeltz, Königstein.
  • Hurme, P., Repo, T., Pääkönen, T. & Savolainen, O. 1997. Climatic adaptation of bud set and frost hardiness in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Can. J. For. Res. 27: 716723.
  • Kalisz, S. & Wardle, G.M. 1994. Life history variation in Campanula americana (Campanulaceae): population differentiation. Am. J. Bot. 81: 521527.
  • Karhu, A., Hurme, P., Karjalainen, M., Karvonen, P., Kärkkäinen, K., Neale, D. & Savolainen, O. 1996. Do molecular markers reflect patterns of differentiation in adaptive traits of conifers? Theor. Appl. Genet. 93: 215221.
  • Lacey, E.P. 1988. Latitudinal variation in reproductive timing of a short-lived monocarp, Daucus carota (Apiaceae). Ecology 69: 220232.
  • Li, B., Suzuki, J.-I. & Hara, T. 1998. Latitudinal variation in plant size and relative growth rate in Arabidopsis thaliana. Oecologia 115: 293301.
  • Linhart, Y.B. & Grant, M.C. 1996. Evolutionary significance of local genetic differentiation in plants. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27: 237277.
  • Macnair, M.R. 1993. The genetics of metal tolerance in vascular plants. New Phytol. 124: 541559.
  • McCullagh, P. & Nelder, J.A. 1989. Generalized Linear Models. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • McKay, J.K. & Latta, R.G. 2002. Adaptive population divergence: markers, QTL and traits. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17: 285291.
  • Mikola, J. 1982. Bud-set phenology as an indicator of climatic adaptation of Scots pine in Finland. Silva Fenn. 16: 178184.
  • O'Neil, P. & Schmitt, J. 1993. Genetic constraints on the independent evolution of male and female reproductive characters in the tristylous plant Lythrum salicaria. Evolution 47: 14571471.
  • Pilson, D. 2000. Herbivory and natural selection on flowering phenology in wild sunflower, Helianthus annuus. Oecologia 122: 7282.
  • Podolsky, R.H. & Holtsford, T.P. 1995. Population structure of morphological traits in Clarkia dudleyana I. Comparison of FST between allozymes and morphological traits. Genetics 140: 733744.
  • Rathcke, B. & Lacey, E.P. 1985. Phenological patterns of terrestrial plants. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 16: 179214.
  • Reinartz, J.A. 1984. Life history variation of common mullein (Verbascum thapsus). J. Ecol. 72: 897912.
  • Rice, W.R. 1989. Analyzing tables of statistical tests. Evolution 43: 223225.
  • Roach, D.A. & Wulff, R.D. 1987. Maternal effects in plants. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 18: 209235.
  • SAS Institute Inc. 1990. SAS/STAT User's Guide, Version 6, 4th edn. SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina, USA.
  • Snow, A.A. & Whigham, D.F. 1989. Costs of flower and fruit production in Tipularia discolor (Orchidaceae). Ecology 70: 12861293.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. 1981. Biometry, 2nd edn. Freeman, New York.
  • Spitze, K. 1993. Population structure in Daphnia obtusa: quantitative genetic and allozymic variation. Genetics 135: 367374.
  • Sveriges Nationalatlas. 1995. Klimat, Sjöar och Vattendrag. Bra Böcker, Höganäs, Sweden.
  • Thompson, J.N. 1994. The Coevolutionary Process. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA
  • Turesson, G. 1930. The selective effect of climate upon the plant species. Hereditas 14: 99152.
  • Waldmann, P. & Andersson, S. 1998. Comparison of quantitative genetic variation and allozyme diversity within and between populations of Scabiosa canescens and S. columbaria. Heredity 81: 7986.
  • Weber, E. & Schmid, B. 1998. Latitudinal population differentiation in two species of Solidago (Asteraceae) introduced into Europe. Am. J. Bot. 85: 11101121.
  • Wesselingh, R.A., De Jong, T.J., Klinkhamer, P.G.L., Van Dijk, M.J. & Schlatmann, E.G.M. 1993. Geographical variation in threshold size for flowering in Cynoglossum officinale. Acta Bot. Neerl. 42: 8191.
  • Williams, D.A. 1982. Extra-binomial variation in logistic linear models. Appl. Statist. 31: 144148.
  • Winn, A.A. & Gross, K.L. 1993. Latitudinal variation in seed weight and flower number in Prunella vulgaris. Oecologia 93: 5562.