SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bjorksten, T.A., Fowler, K. & Pomiankowski, A. 2000a. What does sexual trait FA tell us about stress? TREE 15: 163166.
  • Bjorksten, T.A., David, P., Pomiankowski, A. & Fowler, K. 2000b. Fluctuating asymmetry of sexual and nonsexual traits in stalk-eyed flies: a poor indicator of developmental stress and genetic quality. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 8997.
  • Blows, M.W. & Sokolowski, M.B. 1995. The expression of additive and non-additive genetic variation under stress. Genetics 140: 11491159.
  • Breuker, C.J. 2002. Genetical and developmental aspects of fluctuating asymmetry and its relationship to stress and fitness. PhD Thesis. Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Clarke, G.M. 1994. The genetic basis of developmental stability. I. Relationships between stability, heterozygosity, and genomic coadaptation. In: Developmental Instability: its Origins and Evolutionary Implicaitons (T. A.Markow, ed.), pp. 1725. Kluwer, Boston.
  • Clarke, G.M. 1995. Relationships between developmental stability and fitness: application for conservation biology. Conserv. Biol. 9: 1824.
  • Endler, J.A. 1985. Natural Selection in the Wild. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Falconer, D.S. & Mackay, T.F.C. 1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 4th edn. Prentice Hall, Essex.
  • Fowler, K. & Whitlock, M. 1994. Fluctuating asymmetry does not increase with moderate inbreeding in Drosophila melanogaster. Heredity 73: 373376.
  • Fuller, R.C. & Houle, D. in press. Inheritance of developmental instability. In: Developmental Instability: Causes and Consequences (M.Polak, ed.), pp. 157183. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Gomendio, M. Cassinello, J. & Roldan, E.R.S. 2000. A comparative study of ejaculate traits in three endangered ungulates with different levels of inbreeding: fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of reproductive and genetic stress. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 267: 875882.
  • Houle, D. 1997. Comment on ‘A meta-analysis of the heritability of developmental stability’ by Møller and Thornhill. J. Evol. Biol. 10: 1720.
  • Houle, D. 2000. A simple model of the relationship between asymmetry and developmental stability. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 720730.
  • Klingenberg, C.P. & Nijhout, H.F. 1999. Genetics and fluctuating asymmetry: a developmental model of developmental instability. Evolution 53: 358375.
  • Lens, L. & Van Dongen, S. 1999. Evidence for organism-wide asymmetry in five bird species of a fragmented afrotropical forest. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Series B 266: 10551060.
  • Lens, L., Van Dongen, S., Galbusera, P., Schenck, T., Matthysen, E. & Van De Casteele, T. 2000. Developmental instability and inbreeding in natural bird populations exposed to different levels of habitat disturbance. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 889896.
  • Leung, B. & Forbes, M.R. & Houle, D. 2000. Fluctuating asymmetry as a bio-indicator of stress: comparing efficacy of analyses involving multiple traits. Am. Nat. 155: 101115.
  • Markow, T.A. 1995. Evolutionary ecology and developmental instability. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 40: 105120.
  • Martin, J. & Lopez, P. 2000. Chemoreception, symmetry and mate choice in lizards. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 267: 12651269.
  • Møller, A.P. 1992. Female swallow preference for symmetrical male sexual ornaments. Nature 357: 238240.
  • Møller, A.P. 1993. Patterns of fluctuating asymmetry in sexual ornaments predict female choice. J. Evol. Biol. 6: 481491.
  • Møller, A.P. 1994. Sexual Selection and the Barn Swallow. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Møller, A.P. & Swaddle, J.P. 1997. Asymmetry, Developmental Stability, and Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Nijhout, H.F. & Emlen, D.J. 1998. Competition among body parts in the development and evolution of insect morphology. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 36853589.
  • Palmer, A.R. 1994. Fluctuating asymmetry analyses: a primer. In: Developmental Instability: Its Origins and Evolutionary Implications (T. A.Markow, ed.), pp. 269281. Kluwer, Boston.
  • Palmer, A.R. & Strobeck, C. 1986. Fluctuating asymmetry: measurement, analysis, patterns. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 17: 391421.
  • Parsons, P.A. 1992. Fluctuating asymmetry – a biological monitor of environmental and genomic stress. Heredity 68: 361364.
  • Reeve, E.C.R. 1960. Some genetic tests on asymmetry of sternopleural chaeta number in Drosophila. Genet. Res. 1: 151172.
  • Roldan, E.R.S., Cassinello, J., Abaigar, T. & Gomendio, M. 1998. Inbreeding, fluctuating asymmetry, and ejaculate quality in an endangered ungulate. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. 265: 243248.
  • Sheridan, L. & Pomiankowski, A. 1997. Fluctuating asymmetry, spot asymmetry and inbreeding depression in the sexual coloration of male guppy fish. Heredity 79: 515523.
  • Swaddle, J.P., Witter, M.S. & Cuthill, I.C. 1994. The analysis of fluctuating asymmetry. Anim. Behav. 48: 986989.
  • Van Dongen, S. 1998. How repeatable is the estimation of developmental stability by fluctuating asymmetry.? Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 265: 14231427.
  • Van Valen, L. 1962. A study of fluctuating asymmetry. Evolution 16: 125142.
  • Watson, P.J. & Thornhill, R. 1994. Fluctuating asymmetry and sexual selection. TREE 9: 2125.
  • Whitlock, M. 1996. The heritability of fluctuating asymmetry and the genetic control of developmental stability. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 263: 849854.
  • Whitlock, M. 1998. The repeatability of fluctuating asymmetry: a revision and extension. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 265: 14291431.