The evolution of polyandry: patterns of genotypic variation in female mating frequency, male fertilization success and a test of the sexy-sperm hypothesis
Version of Record online: 18 JUN 2003
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Volume 16, Issue 4, pages 624–634, July 2003
How to Cite
Simmons, L. W. (2003), The evolution of polyandry: patterns of genotypic variation in female mating frequency, male fertilization success and a test of the sexy-sperm hypothesis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 16: 624–634. doi: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00572.x
- Issue online: 18 JUN 2003
- Version of Record online: 18 JUN 2003
- Received 22 November 2002; revised 10 February 2003; accepted 18 February 2003
- 1989. Multiple mating in a water strider: mutual benefits or intersexual selection. Anim. Behav. 38: 749–756.
- 2000. The evolution of polyandry: multiple mating and female fitness in insects. Anim. Behav. 60: 145–164. &
- 1984. Manual of Quantitative Genetics. Pullman, Washington.
- 1972. Genetic control of the neuronal network generating cricket (Teleogryllus gryllus) song patterns. Anim. Behav. 20: 478–492. &
- 1995. Cost of mating in Drosophila melanogaster females is mediated by male accessory gland products. Nature 373: 241–244. , , , &
- 1998. Interactions of mating, egg production and death rates in females of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 1879–1894. , , &
- 1995. Variation in sperm displacement and its association with accessory gland protein loci in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 139: 189–201. , , , &
- 1995. Ejaculate substances that affect female insect reproductive physiology and behavior – honest or arbitrary traits. J. Theor. Biol. 174: 453–461.
- 1998. Chemical ornaments of semen. J. Theor. Biol. 192: 581–584.
- 1998. Mitochondrial DNA in mammalian reproduction. Rev. Reprod. 3: 172–182.
- 1991. Sperm competition and the evolution of multiple mating. Am. Nat. 138: 93–102.
- 1978. The cost of mating. Am. Nat. 112: 771–774.
- 1977. Prostaglandin and prostaglandin synthetase in the cricket, Acheta domesticus. J. Insect Physiol. 23: 905–911. &
- 1996. Female Control: Sexual Selection by Cryptic Female Choice. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
- 1995. Sexual selection by cryptic female choice on male seminal products – a bridge between sexual selection and reproductive physiology. TREE 10: 493–496. &
- 1955. Selective fertilisation following the use of sperm mixtures in the mouse. Nature 175: 215–223.
- 1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. Longman, Harlow. &
- 2002. Sperm mobility: mechanisms of fertilizing efficiency, genetic variation and phenotypic relationship with male status in the domestic fowl, Gallus gallus domesticus. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269: 607–612. , , , &
- 2002. The X chromosome is a hot spot for sexually antagonistic fitness variation. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269: 499–505. , &
- 1992. Genetic correlation of male and female mating frequency: evidence from Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 43: 176–177.
- 1988. Genetic basis for remating in Drosophila melanogaster. II. Response to selection based on the behavior of one sex. Behav. Genet. 18: 621–632. &
- 1989. Out for the sperm count. Nature 337: 508–509. &
- 1979. Insecta 1. Orthoptera: Grasshoppers and Crickets, 1st edn. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin.
- 1998. Chase-away sexual selection: antagonistic seduction versus resistance. Evolution 52: 1–7. &
- 2001. Sexual conflict for male and female reproductive characters. Cur. Biol. 11: 489–493. , &
- 2002. Heteropopulation males have a fertilisation advantage during sperm competition in the yellow dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269: 1701–1707. , &
- 1992. Comparing evolvability and variability of quantitative traits. Genetics 130: 195–204.
- 1974. Genetic control of acoustic behavior in crickets. Am. Zool. 14: 1067–1080.
- 1973. Genetic control of song specificity in crickets. Science 180: 82–83. &
- 1977. Hybrid cricket auditory behavior: evidence for genetic coupling in animal communication. Science 195: 82–84. , &
- 1997. Quantitative genetics of sperm precedence in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 145: 139–151.
- 1999. An exceptional chromosome. Trend. Genet. 15: 383–385. &
- 2000. Why do females mate multiply? A review of the genetic benefits. Biol. Rev. 75: 21–64. &
- 1998. Multiple deletions of mitochondrial DNA are associated with the decline of motility and fertility of human spermatozoa. Mol. Human Reprod. 4: 657–666. , &
- 1975. Protein synthesis by the accessory gland of male house cricket, Acheta domesticus. J. Exp. Zool. 193: 21–36. , , &
- 1995. Why do females mate with multiple males? The sexually selected sperm hypothesis. Adv. Stud. Behav. 24: 291–315. &
- 1991. The evolution of mating preferences and the paradox of the lek. Nature 350: 33–38. &
- 2003. The evolution of mate choice and mating biases. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 270: 653–664. , , &
- 2001. Polyandry increases offspring fecundity in the bulb mite. Evolution 55: 1893–1896. , &
- 1984. The genetic correlation between characters maintained by selection, linkage and inbreeding. Genet. Res. 44: 309–320.
- 1981. The effect of mating on female sexual behavior in Teleogryllus commodus Walker. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 9: 219–225.
- 1973. The effect of mating on egg production and release in the cricket Teleogryllus commodus. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 16: 483–490. &
- 1978. The mating behavior of Teleogryllus commodus (Walker) and its central and peripheral control. Z. Tierpsychol. 46: 225–259. &
- 1998. Genetics and Analysis of Quantitative Traits. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA. &
- 1992. Why do female adders copulate so frequently? Nature 355: 440–441. , , &
- 2000. The evolution of sperm length in moths. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 307–313. &
- 2001. Artificial selection and heritability of sperm length in Gryllus bimaculatus. Heredity 87: 1–7. &
- 1991. Maternal effects in insect life histories. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 36: 511–534. &
- 1998. Maternal Effects as Adaptations. Ocford University Press, New York. &
- 1970. Sperm competition and its evolutionary consequences in the insects. Biol. Rev. 45: 525–567.
- 1979. Sexual selection and sexual conflict. In: Sexual Selection and Reproductive Competition in Insects (M. S.Blum & N. A.Blum, eds), pp. 123–166. Academic Press, London.
- 1992. Snakes and female sexuality. Nature 355: 395–396.
- 1996. Investment in testes and the cost of making long sperm in Drosophila. Am. Nat. 57–80.
- 2002. The sexually-selected sperm hypothesis: sex-biased inheritance and sexual antagonism. Biol. Rev. 77: 183–209. &
- 1991. The evolution of costly mate preferences I. Fisher and biased mutation. Evolution 45: 1422–1430. , &
- 1981. Genetic basis for repeated mating in Drosophila melanogaster. Am. Nat. 117: 133–146. &
- 1998. Heritability of sperm competition success in the bulb mite, Rhizoglyphus robini. J. Evol. Biol. 11: 321–328.
- 1998. Sex linkage among genes controlling sexually selected traits. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 44: 1–8.
- 1998. Male fitness increases when females are eliminated from the gene pool: implications for the Y chromosome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 6217–6221.
- 1984. Sex chromosomes and the evolution of sexual dimorphism. Evolution 38: 735–742.
- 1996. Sexually antagonistic male adaptation triggered by experimental arrest of female evolution. Nature 381: 232–234.
- 2000. Dangerous liaisons. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97: 12953–12955.
- 2001. Intersexual ontogenetic conflict. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 685–693. &
- 1997. The enemies within: intergenomic conflict, interlocus contest evolution (ICE) and the intraspecific red queen. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 41: 1–10. &
- 2000. The inheritance of female preference functions in a mate recognition system. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 327–332.
- 1997. Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics. Chapman and Hall, New York.
- 2000. Human mtDNA haplogroups associated with high or reduced spermatozoa motility. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67: 682–696. , , , , , , , , , &
- 1999. An apparent excess of sex- and reproduction-related genes on the human X chromosome. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 266: 203–209. &
- 1987. Competition between larvae of the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) and its effects on some life-history components of fitness. J. Anim. Ecol. 56: 1015–1027.
- 1988. The contribution of multiple mating and spermatophore consumption to the lifetime reproductive success of female field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus). Ecol. Entomol. 13: 57–69.
- 2001a. The evolution of polyandry: an examination of the genetic incompatibility and good-sperm hypotheses. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 585–594.
- 2001b. Sperm Competition and its Evolutionary Consequences in the Insects. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
- 1991. The refractory period of female katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae): sexual conflict over the remating interval? Behav. Ecol. 2: 276–282. &
- 2002. Evolution of ejaculates: patterns of phenotypic and genotypic variation and condition dependence in sperm competition traits. Evolution 56: 1622–1631. &
- 1996. The effect of a variable environment on the genetic correlation structure in a field cricket. Evolution 50: 267–275. &
- in press. Variation in paternity in the field cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus: no detectable influence of sperm numbers or sperm length. Behav. Ecol. , , &
- 2001. Female remating in Drosophila ananassae: bidirectional selection for remating speed. Behav. Gen. 31: 361–370. &
- 1984. Sperm in competition. In: Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Animal Mating Systems (R. L.Smith, ed.), pp. 86–115. Academic Press, London.
- 1990. Heritable variation for female mating frequency in field crickets, Gryllus integer. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 26: 73–76. &
- 1983. Arachidonic and other long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in spermatophores and spermathecae of Teleogryllus commodus: significance in prostaglandin-mediated reproductive behaviour. J. Insect Physiol. 29: 41–45. &
- 1986. Prostaglandins in insect reproduction. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 79: 841–853. &
- 1987. Sexual transfer of prostaglandin precursor in the field cricket Teleogryllus commodus. Physiol. Entomol. 12: 347–354. , , &
- 1983. Cryptic female choice and its implications in the scorpionfly Harpobittacus nigriceps. Am. Nat. 122: 765–788.
- 2001. Polyandry in Lepidoptera: a heritable trait in Spodoptera exigua Hübner. Heredity 86: 177–183. , , &
- 2002. Heritable variation for female remating in Lobesia botrana, a usually monandrous moth. Anim. Behav. 64: 899–907. , , &
- 1984. The quantitative genetics of polyphagy in an insect herbivore. II. Genetic correlations in larval performance within and among host plants. Evolution 38: 896–905.
- 2001. Females receive a life-span benefit from male ejaculates in a field cricket. Evolution 55: 994–1001. , , &
- 2001. An abundance of X-linked genes expressed in spermatogonia. Nature Genetics 27: 422–426. , , &
- 2000. Sperm length is heritable and sex-linked in yellow dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria). J. Zool. 251: 349–353.
- 2001. Female remating in butterflies: interaction between female genotype and nonfertile sperm. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 746–754.
- 2002. Monandry and polyandry as altrnative lifestyles in a butterfly. Behav. Ecol. 13: 450–455. , &
- 1997. A ‘good-sperm’ model can explain the evolution of costly multiple mating by females. Am. Nat. 149: 573–584.
- 1998. The ‘genetic benefits’ of female multiple mating reconsidered. TREE 13: 246–250.
- 1996. The evolution of polyandry I: intragenomic conflict and genetic incompatibility. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 263: 1711–1717. &
- 1997. The evolution of polyandry II: post-copulatory defences against genetic incompatibility. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264: 69–75. &