SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Kacser, H. (1983) The control of enzyme systems in vivo: elasticity analysis of the steady state. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 11, 3540.
  • 2
    LaPorte, D.C., Walsh, K. & Koshland, D.E. (1984) The branch point effect. Ultrasensitivity and subsensitivity to metabolic control. J. Biol. Chem. 259, 1406814075.
  • 3
    Brown, G.C., Hafner, R.P. & Brand, M.D. (1990) A ‘top-down’ approach to the determination of control coefficients in metabolic control theory. Eur. J. Biochem. 188, 321325.
  • 4
    Walsh, K. & Koshland, D.E. (1984) Determination of flux through the branch point of two metabolic cycles. The tricarboxylic acid cycle and the glyoxylate shunt. J. Biol. Chem. 259, 96469654.
  • 5
    Walsh, K. & Koshland, D.E. (1985) Branch point control by the phosphorylation state of isocitrate dehydrogenase. A quantitative examination of fluxes during a regulatory transition. J. Biol. Chem. 260, 84308437.
  • 6
    Ainscow, E.K. & Brand, M.D. (1999) Top-down control analysis of ATP turnover, glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation in rat hepatocytes. Eur. J. Biochem. 263, 671685.
  • 7
    Hoefnagel, M.H., Starrenburg, M.J., Martens, D.E., Hugenholtz, J., Van Kleerebezem, M., Van Swam, I.I., Bongers, R., Westerhoff, H.V. & Snoep, J.L. (2002) Metabolic engineering of lactic acid bacteria, the combined approach: kinetic modelling, metabolic control and experimental analysis. Microbiology 148, 10031013.
  • 8
    Saint-Girons, I., Parsot, C., Zakin, M.M., Barzu, O. & Cohen, G.N. (1988) Methionine biosynthesis in Enterobacteriaceae: biochemical, regulatory, and evolutionary aspects. CRC Crit. Rev. Biochem. 23, S1S42.
  • 9
    Datko, A.H., Giovanelli, J. & Mudd, S.H. (1974) Homocysteine biosynthesis in green plants. O-phosphorylhomoserine as the physiological substrate for cystathionine gamma-synthase. J. Biol. Chem. 249, 11391155.
  • 10
    Madison, J.T. & Thompson, G.H. (1976) Threonine synthase from higher plants: stimulation by S-adenosylmethionine and inhibition by cysteine. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 71, 684691.
  • 11
    Wallsgrove, R.M., Lea, P.J. & Miflin, B.J. (1983) Intracellular localisation of aspartate kinase and the enzymes of threonine and methionine biosynthesis in green leaves. Plant Physiol. 71, 780784.
  • 12
    Ravanel, S., Gakiere, B., Job, D. & Douce, R. (1998) Cystathionine gamma-synthase from Arabidopsis thaliana: purification and biochemical characterization of the recombinant enzyme overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Biochem. J. 331, 639648.
  • 13
    Giovanelli, J., Veluthambi, K., Thompson, G.H., Mudd, S.H. & Datko, A.H. (1984) Threonine synthase of Lemna paucicostata Hegelm. 6746. Plant Physiol. 76, 285292.
  • 14
    Curien, G., Dumas, R., Ravanel, S. & Douce, R. (1996) Characterization of an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA encoding an S-adenosylmethionine-sensitive threonine synthase. Threonine synthase from higher plants. FEBS Lett. 390, 8590.
  • 15
    Curien, G., Job, D., Douce, R. & Dumas, R. (1998) Allosteric activation of Arabidopsis threonine synthase by S-adenosylmethionine. Biochemistry 37, 1321213221.
  • 16
    Laber, B., Maurer, W., Hanke, C., Grafe, S., Ehlert, S., Messerschmidt, A. & Clausen, T. (1999) Characterization of recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana threonine synthase. Eur. J. Biochem. 263, 212221.
  • 17
    Giovanelli, J., Mudd, S.H., Datko, A.H. & Thompson, G.H. (1986) Effects of orthophosphate and adenosine 5′-phosphate on threonine synthase and cystathionine gamma-synthase of Lemna paucicostata Hegelm. 6746. Plant Physiol. 81, 577583.
  • 18
    Ravanel, S., Job, D. & Douce, R. (1996) Purification and properties of cystathionine beta-lyase from Arabidopsis thaliana overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Biochem. J. 320, 383392.
  • 19
    Wessel, P.M., Graciet, E., Douce, R. & Dumas, R. (2000) Evidence for two distinct effector-binding sites in threonine deaminase by site-directed mutagenesis, kinetic, and binding experiments. Biochemistry 39, 1513615143.
  • 20
    Scopes, R.K. (1974) Measurement of protein by spectroscopy at 205 nm. Anal. Biochem. 59, 277282.
  • 21
    Burr, B., Walker, J., Truffa-Bachi, P. & Cohen, G.N. (1976) Homoserine kinase from Escherichia coli K12. Eur. J. Biochem. 62, 519526.
  • 22
    Aubert, S., Curien, G., Bligny, R., Gout, E. & Douce, R. (1998) Transport, compartmentation, and metabolism of homoserine in higher plant cells. Carbon-13- and phosphorus-31-nuclear magnetic resonance studies carbon-13- and phosphorus-31-nuclear magnetic resonance studies. Plant Physiol. 116, 547557.
  • 23
    Gakiere, B., Ravanel, S., Droux, M., Douce, R. & Job, D. (2000) Mechanisms to account for maintenance of the soluble methionine pool in transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing antisense cystathionine gamma-synthase cDNA. C. R. Acad. Sci. III 323, 841851.
  • 24
    Bartlem, D., Lambein, I., Okamoto, T., Itaya, A., Uda, Y., Kijima, F., Tamaki, Y., Nambara, E. & Naito, S. (2000) Mutation in the threonine synthase gene results in an over-accumulation of soluble methionine in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 123, 101110.
  • 25
    Shen, B., Li, C. & Tarczynski, M.C. (2002) High free-methionine and decreased lignin content result from a mutation in the Arabidopsis S-adenosyl-l-methionine synthetase 3 gene. Plant J. 29, 371380.
  • 26
    Noji, M., Inoue, K., Kimura, N., Gouda, A. & Saito, K. (1998) Isoform-dependent differences in feedback regulation and subcellular localization of serine acetyltransferase involved in cysteine biosynthesis from Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Biol. Chem. 273, 3273932745.
  • 27
    Bligny, R., Gardestrom, P., Roby, C. & Douce, R. (1990) 31P NMR studies of spinach leaves and their chloroplasts. J. Biol. Chem. 265, 13191326.
  • 28
    Ravanel, S., Droux, M. & Douce, R. (1995) Methionine biosynthesis in higher plants. I. Purification and characterization of cystathionine gamma-synthase from spinach chloroplasts. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 316, 572584.
  • 29
    Douce, R. & Joyard, J. (1979) Structure and function of the plastid envelope. Adv. Bot. Res. 7, 1116.
  • 30
    Giovanelli, J., Mudd, S.H. & Datko, A.H. (1988) In vivo regulation of threonine and isoleucine biosynthesis in Lemna paucicostata Hegelm. 6746. Plant Physiol. 86, 369377.
  • 31
    Giovanelli, J. (1990) Regulatory aspects of cysteine and methionine biosynthesis. In Sulfur Nutrition and Sulfur Assimilation in Higher Plants. (Rennenberg, H., Brunold, C., DeDok, L.J. & Stulen, I., eds), pp. 3348. SLDP Academic Public, The Hague.
  • 32
    Datko, A.H. & Mudd, S.H. (1984) Responses of sulfur-containing compounds in Lemna paucicostata Hegelm. 6746 to changes in availability of sulfur sources. Plant Physiol. 75, 474479.
  • 33
    Winter, H., Robinson, D.G. & Heldt, H.W. (1994) Subcellular Volumes and metabolite concentrations in spinach leaves. Planta 193, 530535.
  • 34
    Stitt, M., Lilley, R.M.C. & Heldt, H.W. (1982) Adenine nucleotide levels in the cytosol, chloroplasts, and mitochondria of wheat leaf protoplasts. Plant Physiol. 70, 971977.
  • 35
    Kacser, H. & Burns, J.A. (1973) The control of flux. Symp Soc. Exp. Biol. 27, 65104.
  • 36
    Rapoport, T.A., Heinrich, R., Jacobasch, G. & Rapoport, S. (1974) A linear steady-state treatment of enzymatic chains. A mathematical model of glycolysis of human erythrocytes. Eur. J. Biochem. 42, 107120.
  • 37
    Kell, D. & Westerhoff, H.V. (1986) Metabolic control theory: its role in microbiology and biotechnology. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 39, 305320.
  • 38
    Fell, D.A. (1992) Metabolic control analysis: a survey of its theoretical and experimental development. Biochem. J. 286 (2), 313330.
  • 39
    Cornish-Bowden, A. & Cardenas, M.L. (1990) Control of metabolic processes. NATO ASI Series A: Life Sciences. Plenum Press, New York.
  • 40
    Fell, D.A. (1997) Understanding the Control of Metabolism. Portland Press, London.
  • 41
    Easterby, J.S. (1981) A generalized theory of the transition time for sequential enzyme reactions. Biochem. J. 199, 155161.
  • 42
    Rognes, S.E., Lea, P.J. & Miflin, B.J. (1980) S-adenosylmethionine-a novel regulator of aspartate kinase. Nature 287, 357359.
  • 43
    Paris, S., Viemon, C., Curien, G. & Dumas, R. (2003) Mechanism of control of Arabidopsis thaliana aspartate kinase-homoserine dehydrogenase by threonine. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 53615366.
  • 44
    Chiba, Y., Ishikawa, M., Kijima, F., Tyson, R.H., Kim, J., Yamamoto, A., Nambara, E., Leustek, T., Wallsgrove, R.M. & Naito, S. (1999) Evidence for autoregulation of cystathionine gamma-synthase mRNA stability in Arabidopsis. Science 286, 13711374.
  • 45
    Suzuki, A., Shirata, Y., Ishida, H., Chiba, Y., Onouchi, H. & Naito, S. (2001) The first exon coding region of cystathionine gamma-synthase gene is necessary and sufficient for downregulation of its own mRNA accumulation in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 42, 11741180.
  • 46
    Hacham, Y., Avraham, T. & Amir, R. (2002) The N-terminal region of Arabidopsis cystathionine gamma-synthase plays an important regulatory role in methionine metabolism. Plant Physiol. 128, 454462.
  • 47
    Chiba, Y., Sakurai, R., Yoshino, M., Ominato, K., Ishikawa, M., Onouchi, H. & Naito, S. (2003) S-adenosyl-l-methionine is an effector in the posttranscriptional autoregulation of the cystathionine gamma-synthase gene in Arabidopsis. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA. 100, 1022510230.