Synthetic urea derivatives such as N-phenyl-N′-(4-pyridyl)urea (4PU) and N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N′-phenylurea (4PU30) have strong cytokinin activities. Using tritiated 4PU30 as a probe, we previously established the presence of a cytokinin-specific binding protein (CSBP) of high affinity (Ka for 4PU30 = 4×1010 M−1) in the soluble fraction of etiolated mung bean seedlings [Nagata, R., Kawachi, E., Hashimoto, Y. & Shudo, K. (1993) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 191, 543−549]. In this report, we purified CSBP by the use of 4PU-Sepharose 4B, an affinity gel liganded with 4PU. We determined partial amino acid sequences of CSBP and isolated its cDNA by reverse-transcription (RT) PCR. The cDNA encoded a protein with a calculated molecular mass of 17 kDa. A data base homology search revealed that CSBP is a novel member of a major pollen allergen/pathogenesis-related protein family. Recombinant CSBP was expressed in Escherichia coli and was confirmed to bind specifically to cytokinins.