Purification of receptor complexes of interleukin-10

Stoichiometry and the importance of deglycosylation in their crystallization


A. Zdanov, Macromolecular Structure Laboratory, NCI-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, ABL-Basic Research Program, Frederick, MD 21702, USA. Fax: +301 846 7101, Tel.: +301 846 5031, E-mail: zdanov@mail.ncifcrf.gov


Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic immunosuppressive cytokine that has a wide range of effects in controlling inflammatory responses. Viral IL-10 (vIL-10) is a homologue of human IL-10 (hIL-10) produced by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Both hIL-10 and vIL-10 bind to the soluble extracellular fragment of the cytokine receptor IL-10R1 (shIL-10R1). The stoichiometry of the vIL-10 : shIL-10R1 complex has been found to be the same as hIL-10 : shIL-10R1, with two vIL-10 dimers binding to four shIL-10R1 monomers. Complexes of both hIL-10 and vIL-10 with glycosylated shIL-10R1 could not be crystallized. Controlled deglycosylation using peptide : N-glycosidase F and endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase F3 resulted in the formation of crystals of both hIL-10 : shIL-10R1 and vIL-10 : shIL-10R1 complexes, indicating that the difficulty in the crystal formation was largely due to the presence of complex carbohydrate side chains. The availability of the structure of the ligand-receptor complexes should facilitate our understanding of the basis of the interaction between IL-10 and the IL-10 receptor.