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Keywords:

  • 2′-carboxy-d-arabitinol 1-phosphate;
  • photosynthesis;
  • proteolysis;
  • ribulose 1;
  • 5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase;
  • stromal protease

Trypsin-catalysed cleavage of purified ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and the resultant irreversible loss of carboxylase activity were prevented by prior incubation with the naturally occurring nocturnal Rubisco inhibitor 2′-carboxy-d-arabitinol 1-phosphate (CA1P), as well as with ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP), Mg2+ and CO2. CA1P also protected Rubisco from loss of activity caused by carboxypeptidase A. When similar experiments were carried out using soluble chloroplast proteases, CA1P was again able to protect Rubisco against proteolytic degradation and the consequent irreversible loss of catalytic activity. Thus, CA1P prevents the proteolytic breakdown of Rubisco by endogenous and exogenous proteases. In this way, CA1P may affect the amounts of Rubisco protein available for photosynthetic CO2 assimilation. Rubisco turnover (in the presence of RuBP, Mg2+ and CO2) may confer similar protection against proteases in the light.