Differential gene expression by endothelial cells in distinct angiogenic states


K.-H. Thierauch, Schering AG, Experimental Oncology, Müllerstraße 178, D-13342 Berlin. Fax: + 49 30 468 18069, Tel.: + 49 30 468 15798, E-mail: karlheinz.thierauch@schering.de


Angiogenesis is a complex process that can be regarded as a series of sequential events comprising a variety of tissue cells. The major problem when studying angiogenesis in vitro is the lack of a model system mimicking the various aspects of the process in vivo. In this study we have used two in vitro models, each representing different and distinct aspects of angiogenesis. Differentially expressed genes in the two culture forms were identified using the suppression subtractive hybridization technique to prepare subtracted cDNA libraries. This was followed by a differential hybridization screen to pick up overexpressed clones. Using comparative multiplex RT-PCR we confirmed the differential expression and showed differences up to 14-fold. We identified a broad range of genes already known to play an important role during angiogenesis like Flt1 or TIE2. Furthermore several known genes are put into the context of endothelial cell differentiation, which up to now have not been described as being relevant to angiogenesis, like NrCAM, Claudin14, BMP-6, PEA-15 and PINCH. With ADAMTS4 and hADAMTS1/METH-1 we further extended the set of matrix metalloproteases expressed and regulated by endothelial cells.