Latency of Botrytis cinerea Pers.: Fr. and Biochemical Studies During Growth and Ripening of Two Grape Berry Cultivars, Respectively Susceptible and Resistant to Grey Mould


Swiss Federal Agricultuiral Research Station for Plant Production of Changins, Nyon, Switzerland


Latency and development of Botrytis cinerea were assessed under field conditions and after artificial inoculation of two grape varieties, Gamay (susceptible) and Gamaret (resistant). When the percentage of latent Botrytis was the same for both varieties, severity of visible grey mould remained very low in Gamaret berries, while Gamay clusters were destroyed by the disease to a high percentage. Some biochemical parameters were measured in berries, such as constitutive and induced anti-fungal compounds, polymeric proanthocyanidins and lipid peroxidation products as markers of senescence. Differences were observed in polymeric proanthocyanidins (PPRA) of Gamaret compared with those of Gamay. Concentration and mean degree of polymerization (mDP) of PPRA were always higher in the berries of the resistant variety. The inhibitory effect of Gamaret PPRA on enzyme activity remained until harvest whereas Gamay PPRA lost their inhibitory activity at the beginning of véraison. Based on these results, resistance to B. cinerea seems to be linked to the maintainance of the fungus in its latent form in berries, mainly due to the ability of Gamaret PPRA to inhibit macerating fungal enzyme activities.